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Transcript of Islamic Art
By Tristin Brown
What is Islamic Art?
It refers to the lands where Islam was the dominate religions. Islamic Art is used to describe all art forms produced in the islamic world, like religion or architecture. It contains the works created by Muslim artists for a promoter of any faith, including Christians, Jews, or Hindus, and the works created by Jews, Christians, and others, living in Islamic lands, for patrons, Muslim and otherwise.
What are the common themes?
Caligraphy- Calligraphy’s omnipresence underlines the value that is placed on language, especially Arabic.
Qu'ran- this book is a representation of Allah's divine world. You can find Quranic lines produced in calligraphy and in many forms or art (e.g. architecture).
What is its purpose?
Islamic Art portrays the essence of things, not just its physical form. This is often done in the form of statues using geometric and floral shapes and patterns.
This particular piece combines the two approaches and traditions. The word itself originates from Sanskrit, the Hindu language. It means " container of scared essence. The traditional form of it is geometric and comes from for India and is often associated with Buddhism since Siddhartha Gautama taught enlightenment through Mandala.
The outer form of Mandalas is a geometrical diagram called a "Yantra" and each detail of it has symbolic meaning. "All these different Mandalas essentially have the same inner meaning and purpose, but there are mandalas to suit levels of consciousness: for the spiritually highly developed, for average people and for people who not yet developed".
This is the art of painting the body with beautiful henna designs. For centuries, this art has healed, adorned and blessed those who wore it. The paste is made with crushed leaves, henna paint, and other natural ingredients like eucalyptus oil, lemon juice, and black tea. The type of henna takes differently to the type of body it it put on. Mehndi has been practiced and used in Africa, India, Asia, Middle East, and Central Eurasia in numerous ceremonies and celebrations. Mehndi is described as "Magical Art"!
It is hindi word that derives from "rang and " aavalli which translate to a row of colors. It is tradiontally draw in front of house, doorway and around the holy plant Tulsi during religious festivities "The origin of rangoli painting is traced to a legend recorded in the Chitralakshana, the earliest Indian treatise on painting. When the son of a King's high priest died, Brahma(Lord of the universe) asked the king to paint the likeness of the boy so that Brahma could breathe life into him again.It is believed that the first painting was made in this way.
Rangoli Art usually consist of lines, dots, geometric shapes, the swastika, lotus,fish, footprints (supposed to be of goddess Lakshmi), leaves, trees, flowers and animals.The colors used are derived from natural dyes (from leaves, indigo etc.) as well as synthetic dyes. The base can be sandstone powder, marble dust, saw dust or other materials.