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Timeline of 19th and 20th Century Children's Literature
Transcript of Timeline of 19th and 20th Century Children's Literature
-They were small cheap stitched pieces of literature sold by itinerant merchants in western Europe and North America.
Intented for adults
Famous Exploits of Robin Hood: Including an Account oh his Birth, Education, and Death
" and "
History of the Sleeping Beauty in the Wood
Maria Edgeworth, 1767-1849
A collection of over 200 stories from storytellers and old books.
Jacob Grim: 1785-2863
1812&1822-The Brothers Grim collected and published German popular stories.
Stories ended happily, but filled with violence and trickery.
Timeline of 19th&20th Century
18th Children's Literature
The main purpose for children's literature was to impart religion and the "correct" moral behavior.
Maria was an irish author who became one of the earliest and most important woman writers for children and adults.
-Early readings, novels and children books.
She also co-authored the educational treatise "
German influence had came in children's book.
-Grimm's tales had been translated before, but Gammer Grethel and little stories of real life came appeared.
"The Childs Illuminated Fable"
by William Smith (1847)
Known as the "Golden Age of Children's Literature in England and the U.S.
Great writers would team up with great illustrators
Industrial revolution led to advances in printing
Growing middle class increases interest in education.
-Expands audience for children's books
Alice in Wonderland
" by Lewis Caroll
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
" by Mark Twain
The Jungle Book
" by Rudyard Kipling
The Wizard of Oz
" by L.Frank Baum
Pictures and type were beginning to improve.
-Improvement in color printing technology made it possible to produce cheap multicolored plates.
1920: books could be produced in mass amounts in color and literacy became sufficiently widespread
-It became easier to make children's picture books.
"Millions of Cats" (1928)
Wanda Gag's book became one of the most successful picture book of this era
Selling more than a million copies
Hans Anderson became well known to English-reading children.
Fairy tales began revolutionizing with the study of folk-lore
Hero legends rewritten and simplified for children
The use of chromolithography and pseudo-mediaeval design overtook the craze of the mid-19th century for omate gift books.
• Books published:
*1930-The Little Engine that Could
*1957-The Cat in the Hat
*1963-Where the Wild Things Are
*1967-Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?
*1968-The Very Hungry Caterpillar
*1985-The Polar Express
*1985-If You Give A Mouse A Cookie
Classic Children's Picture Books
20th century: fantasy stories and realistic fiction became extremely popular at this era.
Some of the most notable fantasy writers emerged during this time.
Later in the 2oth Century
The last half of the 20th century: Known as the “Second Golden Age” of children’s literature.
By the early twenty-first century it had become clearer than ever before that children had the possibility to explore life through literature.
Children's literature has four major purposes:
-helps them to better understand
*aesthetic values of written language.
When children read fiction, narrative poetry, or biography, they often assume the role of one of the characters.
-When children read and assume the role of a book's character, they interact with other characters in the book.
-They learn about the nature of behavior and the consequences of personal interaction.
-It helps them to become aware of the similarities and differences among people.
Through that character's thoughts, words, and actions the child develops insight into his or her own character and values.
-It is due to the child using contrasting and comparing.
Experiences with literature:
-it modes the child's behavior and value structures by changing them, modifing them, or extending them.
Today's Children's Literature