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Timeline of 19th and 20th Century Children's Literature

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lizet pena

on 16 September 2015

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Transcript of Timeline of 19th and 20th Century Children's Literature

17th-19th Century
Chapbooks
-They were small cheap stitched pieces of literature sold by itinerant merchants in western Europe and North America.
Intented for adults
Included: "
Famous Exploits of Robin Hood: Including an Account oh his Birth, Education, and Death
" and "
History of the Sleeping Beauty in the Wood
".
Early Literature
Maria Edgeworth, 1767-1849
Fairy Tales
A collection of over 200 stories from storytellers and old books.
Jacob Grim: 1785-2863
1812&1822-The Brothers Grim collected and published German popular stories.
Stories ended happily, but filled with violence and trickery.

Children's Literature
Timeline of 19th&20th Century
18th Children's Literature
The main purpose for children's literature was to impart religion and the "correct" moral behavior.

Maria was an irish author who became one of the earliest and most important woman writers for children and adults.
-Early readings, novels and children books.
She also co-authored the educational treatise "
Practical Education
" (1798)
Fables (1840-1850)
German influence had came in children's book.
-Grimm's tales had been translated before, but Gammer Grethel and little stories of real life came appeared.
-
"The Childs Illuminated Fable"
by William Smith (1847)

1850-1900
Known as the "Golden Age of Children's Literature in England and the U.S.
Great writers would team up with great illustrators
Industrial revolution led to advances in printing
Growing middle class increases interest in education.
-Expands audience for children's books
Including:
-"
Alice in Wonderland
" by Lewis Caroll
-"
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
" by Mark Twain
-"
The Jungle Book
" by Rudyard Kipling
-"
The Wizard of Oz
" by L.Frank Baum


19th Century
Pictures and type were beginning to improve.
-Improvement in color printing technology made it possible to produce cheap multicolored plates.
1920: books could be produced in mass amounts in color and literacy became sufficiently widespread
-It became easier to make children's picture books.

"Millions of Cats" (1928)
Wanda Gag's book became one of the most successful picture book of this era
Selling more than a million copies
After 1850
Hans Anderson became well known to English-reading children.
Fairy tales began revolutionizing with the study of folk-lore
Hero legends rewritten and simplified for children
Mid-1900
The use of chromolithography and pseudo-mediaeval design overtook the craze of the mid-19th century for omate gift books.

• Books published:
*1930-The Little Engine that Could
*1931-Babar
*1939-Madeline
*1941-Curious George
*1957-The Cat in the Hat
*1963-Where the Wild Things Are
*1967-Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?
*1968-The Very Hungry Caterpillar  
*1968-Corduroy
*1985-The Polar Express  
*1985-If You Give A Mouse A Cookie






Classic Children's Picture Books

20th century: fantasy stories and realistic fiction became extremely popular at this era.
Some of the most notable fantasy writers emerged during this time.
20th Century
Later in the 2oth Century
The last half of the 20th century: Known as the “Second Golden Age” of children’s literature.
By the early twenty-first century it had become clearer than ever before that children had the possibility to explore life through literature.

Modern Literature
Children's literature has four major purposes:
-helps them to better understand
*themselves
*others
*their world
*aesthetic values of written language.
When children read fiction, narrative poetry, or biography, they often assume the role of one of the characters.
-When children read and assume the role of a book's character, they interact with other characters in the book.
-They learn about the nature of behavior and the consequences of personal interaction.
-It helps them to become aware of the similarities and differences among people.
Through that character's thoughts, words, and actions the child develops insight into his or her own character and values.
-It is due to the child using contrasting and comparing.
Experiences with literature:
-it modes the child's behavior and value structures by changing them, modifing them, or extending them.




Today's Children's Literature
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