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Upper Elementary/ Middle School Art Intro to Printmaking
Transcript of Upper Elementary/ Middle School Art Intro to Printmaking
We are going to create a series of prints on various plates. You will create a series of prints based on North Carolina, but you can choose a theme related to this topic.
What is PRINTING?
Some artists cut pictures or designs into wood, linoleum, or metal to make a design. They can make as many prints as they want with these stamps.
Intaglio prints are made by cutting grooves into the plate with a sharp tool. The plate is inked then rubbed clean, so ink is only left in the grooves. The plate is run through a printing press so the paper is forced into the grooves to absorb the ink. This method is better for fine details.
A RELIEF is a print made by cutting away areas of the surface, leaving shapes or lines to be covered with ink. The cut away areas remain white.
Though stencil art is considered printmaking, it does not use a plate like the other methods. Images are cut through the plate (in this case, it could be plastic or even paper) and the ink or paint goes through the cutout areas.
PRINTING is creating multiple pictures by pressing some object onto paper, like stamps or sponges. This type of art is called "printmaking."
You have to start with a surface that will have the picture on it, called a "plate." Usually, you will need sharp tools to cut into the plate. Ink is rolled onto the plate, and pressure helps the ink transfer to a piece of paper for the finished print.
This technique has been around the longest, with early woodcut examples from 5th century China. Woodcut prints are found in Europe in the 15th century in playing cards and religious art. Famous woodcut printmakers include Albrecht Durer from Germany and Hokusai from Japan. Today, many artists use this cutting-away technique with linoleum because it is easier to carve.
The most common example of intaglio printing is money. It's a technique called
Screenprinting is a stencil process, where a piece of thin fabric is stretched on a frame and the negative space is blocked out. Ink is rolled over the fabric and, like with a regular stencil, only goes through the holes.
Many modern street artists, like Banksy, use stencils to quickly spray paint their art on buildings.
1. Styrofoam print (relief) (3 editions)
2. Collograph print (3 editions)
A collograph is a print made by adding to a plate surface to build it up, like sandpaper, bubble wrap, string, cut cardboard, leaves and grass.
a piece of artwork that has been produced from an original drawing, cutout, or plate
the surface that is drawn, painted, or has objects attached to that is inked & printed multiple times
the roller that applies ink to a plate
the number of prints made from one plate, usually at the same time. They are all identical and numbered in the order they were printed.
If "mono" means "one" (monochromatic, monologue, monopoly), "monoprint" means that you only make one print. A flat surface, like plexiglass or plastic, is painted with the image and printed. The paint or ink is absorbed off the surface and no other duplicates can be made. Additional prints must be repainted, so no two will ever be exactly alike.
3. Stencil print (3 editions)
When you are brainstorming, try to come up with ideas that you can associate many images with.
Besides different objects, you could consider different angles or zoomed-in views of the same object. You could also include more abstract prints related to your theme instead of just images.
Make planning sketches before you begin. You WILL NOT get multiple plates!
Flora & Fauna
For your first project, you will create a glue collograph, focusing on a repeating PATTERN or RHYTHM.
The collograph will be your background for a final print.
Collect objects from nature, like leaves, grass, sprigs of pine needles, etc. These will be pressed on top of your collograph to create a unique monoprint.
(Balance, Focal Point)