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Transcript of GENERAL HISTORY
- According to Blair and Robertson, the name "Li-han" or "Li Han" was the ancient Chinese name for Malolos.The name of Malolos was presumably derived from the Tagalog word "Paluslos", meaning " downwards"
- But many claim that it was originally derived from Kapampangan word "Luslos" meaning many rivers toward the bay (which is the Manila Bay).The name resulted from a misunderstanding among the first Spanish missionaries who reached the place. Searching for inhabited places along the Calumpit River, these priests came upon some natives of a riverside barrio (now Kanalate or Canalate).
-They asked for the name of the place. The natives, not knowing the Spanish tongue, answered that the flow of the river in that part was downstream "paluslos", which the Spaniards pronounced "Malolos" or "Malulos". Corruption of the word through the years led to present "Malolos".
Malolos Cathedral also known as Basilica Minore dela Nuestra Señora de Immaculada Concepcion(Minor Basilica of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, in English), Malolos Cathedral is a must-visit for tourists who are interested and fascinated by the country’s rich and colorful religious and historical background. The church is hard to miss as it sits right at the center of Malolos City.
Malolos was once a part of the old pueblo or town of Bulakan, and then became an independent pueblo in 1673.On August 31, 1859, the town was divided into three districts; "Malolos", "Barasoain, and "Santa Isabel" with respective capitanes municipales and parish priests. With the beginning of American rule in 1903, these towns were again reunited into a single municipality. The two other districts became barangays under the political jurisdiction of Malolos..
Malolos, once the capital of the short-lived Philippine Republic, is linked to many patriots and heroes in the country's history. Names such as General Emilio Aguinaldo, Pedro A. Paterno, Dr. Jose P. Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Pio del Pilar, Gregorio del Pilar, Apolinario Mabini, Antonio Luna, Felipe Calderón, General Isidro D. Torres and a host of others are forever engraved and enshrined in the annals of Philippine History, all of whom share one commonality.
To cite all the historical events that transpired in Malolos, one could very well fill a good-sized book. The major events especially those that revolved around the first Republic, cannot be left unmentioned. Some of these are the petition of the women of Malolos, the establishment of the Constitutional Convention, drafting and ratification of the Malolos Constitution, and the inauguration of the first Philippine Republic.
Although the structure has been painted with a light blue color, it is evident from its architectural neo-classic design that it is not of this time. It is also just within a kilometer away from the Barasoain Church, another building of historical and religious importance found in the history-rich city of Malolos.
The church traces its beginnings with its first building made of light materials which was erected in 1591.The current church building was consecrated in 1826, It was heavily damaged in the earthquakes of 1863 and 1880.It was renovated but was subsequently burned by the revolutionaries in 1898 to delay the American’s pursuing Gen. Aguinaldo during the Filipino-American War.The church was heavily renovated starting in 2008, with portions of the facade and interior having been altered.
This historic church was the seat of power of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo—the first president of the Republic of the Philippines in 1896. He used the church as his office when he retreated the government from Cavite del Viejo, now known as Kawit, Cavite. What brought him to Malolos was not only the support of its populace and its prominent families but the town’s layout, which seem to be perfect for an administrative complex not to mention the proximity with Manila. (Malolos).
Aside from the cathedral another historic place located in front of the Basilica Minore is the Siar Tree, a century-old tree, also known as the Kalayaan Tree (Tree of Freedom) which was planted by Pres. Aguinaldo during a lull in the historic Malolos Convention. (Malolos Church)
-Museo Del Pilar
-Barasion Church and Museum
Del Pilar's Marker
Second floor, Public Library
Around the year 1859, a chapel was built by Augustinian Missionaries when the town of Barasoain, Santa Isabel, and Malolos got split up. The result was the construction of the chapel. The chapel was built with nipa and bamboo and it is located near Casa Tribunal (presently known as Casa Real de Malolos) near the bridge in the road that will lead you to Malolos Basilica. According to history, the chapel caught fire on the 17th century. In 1860, a church was built in the corner of Paseo del Congreso and Republica streets where Barasoain Church is currently located. It was constructed under the supervision of Rev. Fr. Francisco Royo. It was made up of light materials
A huge earthquake took place within the area, around the year of 1880 which caused the bell and the roof the church to collapse. In 1884, during the celebration of the Lady of Carmel, Patroness of the Parish, the temporary church was burned down. During the following year a new supervisor known as Rev. Fr. Juan Giron supervised the reconstruction of the church which is now the famous Barasoain Church. This time around the church was built with better materials such as concrete stone and adobe.
On September 15, 1898, the Malolos congress convened in Barasoain Church. It was also the place where the Malolos Constitution was drafted by Don Filipe Calderon and later was approved after a heated discussion and debate by the Malolos Congress on January 20, 1899. After 3 days, the Philippine Republic was inaugurated by Emilio Aguinaldo in taking his oath of office as the President of the First Philippine Republic. Also during this year, Fr. Martin Arconada repaired the bell tower and the convent. The church underwent changed exponentially due to the arrival of Filipino priests. The image of Christ the King was installed together with the replacement of the faced took place. The position of the image of Christ looked as if he was overlooking the entire parish to defend it. By this time most of the people are Christians that is why they installed a cement floor for the people to climb to it. In addition, on June 30 1998, Joseph Ejercito Estrada also took his oath of office in Barasoain Church.
By the time where the Americans rule the land in 1903, the towns of Santa Isabel and Barasoain were merged again with the town of Malolos. The town of Barasoain and Santa Isabel became barangays under the jurisdiction of Malolos. After a few years, in 1989, Msgr. Moises Andrade, who was the parish priest then, removed the wooden retablo made in the past which exposed the original stone columns and the walls of the altar. Because of this, the original baroque design of the main altar was also exposed.
In the year 1997, with the coordination of the parish priest, Msgr. Jose Aguilan, the National Centennial Commission initiated a project where a major restoration and developmental works for Barasoain church will be done. The entire roof was reconstructed using clay tiles and they elevated it 3m higher than the original height. On August 1, 1973, the Barasoain Church was declared as a national Landmark when President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed the Presidential Decree No. 260. Because of this, the preservation shall be under the supervision and control of the National Historical Commission in collaboration with the Department of Tourism.
Marcelo Del Pilar, monument and his tomb
Marcelo H. Del Pilar Shrine
Evolution of Philippine flag
Museo Del Pilar
Barasoain Church/ Museum
Engraved Family Tree
Barasoain Church (Front)
Interior design of the church
Some of the Priest vestment's and women attire
Lights and Sounds Museum
Some of the Maria Clara dresses
Casa Real Markers
City Hall of Malolos
Old Painting showing the Biak na Bato Republic
Imperial Press (Old Printing Machine)
Casa Real & Malolos Town
A national shrine, the historic Barasoain Church is the site of the Constitutional Convention of the first Philippine Republic, making the Philippines the very first Asian Government to promulgate a Constitution. It was the Seat of the First Philippine Republic on Sept. 15, 1898 to the last week of Feb. 1899 under the presidency of Pedro Paterno. In its convent the Universidad Literaria Cientifica de Filipinas was first housed.
Museo Del Pilar
Casa Real / Malolos Town
- It served as the National Museum and the National Printing Press during the First Philippine Republic.
- It is a government museum consisting of relics from the First Philippine Republic. Memorabilia's of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo are also found here. First class families of Malolos, their furnitures, old books, stamps, paper money and coin are also displayed in the Shrine.
-Casa Real is also one of Malolos oldest structure. The building contains exhibits, printing press of the Malolos Republic and a display of the 21 Women of Malolos memorabilia. Also presented here are the photographs of the 100 Filipino women, each have distinct characteristics in their fields.
- Malolos Cathedral served as the presidential palace at that time.
SOURCES FOR GENERAL HISTORY:
- It served as a Museum
-Some artifacts, relics and other historical collections are available for public viewing.
-The monument and tomb of Marcelo H. Del Pilar commemorates with his heroism and serves a remembrance of historic times