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The Honey Badger

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by

Thaib Abidi

on 7 December 2017

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Transcript of The Honey Badger

Citations
http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/honey-badger-ratel

http://www.slate.com/blogs/wild_things/2015/06/16/honey_badger_venom_resistance_biologists_discover_the_secret.html

https://synapsida.blogspot.com/2015/11/teeth-of-giant-honey-badger.html

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/group/mammals/honey-badger/
Some Straight up Facts
Family: Mustelid (badgers, otters,
weasels, wolverines)
Scientific Name: Mellivora Capensis
Lifespan: 24 years (in captivity)
Omnivore
Male: 20-35 lbs. (Adult)
Female: 11-22 lbs. (Adult)
native to parts of Africa and Asia
(southern Morocco to South Africa)
(Caspian Sea to Nepal)

How the Honey Badger Evolved with Venom Resistance
In order to be immune to venom, the honey badger would of had to have mutated genes and that's what exactly happened. There are molecules in cobra venom call alpha-neurotoxins that paralyze the breathing muscles." These neurotoxins essentially park in a muscle cell’s nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, preventing the cell from receiving the nervous system’s signals to keep working." (Drabeck). The honey badger had mutations in that receptor which disallowed neurotoxins from connecting to it.
The Honey Badger's Look-a-Like
The honey badger looks very similar to it's ancestor the greater grison. the greater grison is known for its more gray coat rather than the bright white, but its face, body shape, and fur shape is the same. The one obvious difference is the larger neck size of the greater grison.
Fossil Evidence
The honey badger are one of the earliest representatives of the mustelids. They have been projected to have first appeared 11 million years ago in Asia. There were multiple eomellivoras (dawn honey badgers) that were discovered with two of them having skulls that stayed together. The eomellivoras were much larger than the honey badger known today, but smaller than a wolverine of today.
The Surprising Thing About the Honey Badger's Mutations
The mutations that the honey badger aquires are found in four species ( honey badgers, mongooses, hedgehogs, and pigs), but the tweaks all individually evolved in each species.
Honey Badger Evolutionary Path
The honey badger is a descendant of the sea otter, European polecat, Long tailed weasel, and greater grison, but is now on its own evolutionary path. It is more closely related to the wolverine and american badger, but they are also on their own path.
The Honey Badger
By: Thaib Abidi

The honey badger is a great hunter and other animals benefit off its amazing skill. Birds and jackals wait until the honey badger has either finished eating to pick up the scraps or wait until the prey is on the run to join the race
Relationships With Other Animals
Comparative Anatomy
The honey badger surprisingly doesn't resemble other badgers. They anatomically resemble weasels more. This is because the honey badger merged on to its own evolutionary path.
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