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Transcript of Franklin Pierce
He was nicknamed "Young Hickory of the Granite Hills"
Got his education at Bowdoin College and graduated in 1824.
He was a lawyer and public official He married Jane Means Appleton who later became ill and died
Had three sons who all died by the age of twelve.
Only served one term(1853-1857)
Died October 8, 1869 Commander in Chief Chief of Party Chief of State Franklin Pierce came into the office during a period of growing tension between the North and the South. A politician of limited liability, Pierce was behind one of the most crucial pieces of legislation in american history. Although he did not author the Kansas-Nebraska act, he encouraged its passage by congress. He also set the path to civil war. Role as Chief Legislature Pierce was convinced to negotiate the Gadsden Purchase with Mexico. The U.S. paid Mexico $15 million to secure the land under the agreement. The treaty included a provision allowing U.S. to build a transoceanic canal but that option was never exercised. The purchase secured the final boundaries of the continental United States. Chief Diplomat Franklin pierce gave a 3,319 word inaugural address from memory without the aid of notes. He took an oath with his hand on a law book instead of a bible. He recited it by memory. Pierce's administration was faced with Northern outrage over the expansion of slavery and over an increasing prejudice against immigrants. He also took a step to protect the rights against immigrants. This angered Northerners because it made slavery possible in a large area of the West. This caused huge splits in both political parties and added to the conflict between the free and slave states. As the American Chief of State, the president is a living symbol of the nation.
(article I section I) Article II section II states this The president is in charge of the U.S. armed forces: the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. Franklin pierce served in the mexican american war In this role, the president helps members of his political party get elected or appointed to office. The president campaigns for those members who have supported his policies. At the end of a term the president may campaign for reelection. The president is "boss" for millions of government workers in the Executive Branch, deciding how the laws of the United States are to be enforced and choosing officials and advisers to help run the Executive Branch. (article II section I) The inclusion of Franklin Pierce in the list of nominees which was intended to break the ties between the other candidates that made him become the representative of the party for the national elections in 1852. Cabinet:
The secretary of state was William L. Marcy and the Secretary of treasury was James Guthrie. The Secretary of war was Jefferson Davis and the Attorney general was Caleb Cushing. The postmaster general was James Campbell and the secretary of the Navy was James C. Dobin. The president decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments. With the help of advisers, the president makes the foreign policy of the United States(Article II Section I) gives the president power to influence Congress in its lawmaking. Presidents may urge Congress to pass new laws or veto bills that they do not favor.(Article I Section I) Franklin Pierce did not have any enemies, and his status of not being known by everyone made him easy to be loved by people.
Pierce promised to maintain economic prosperity, peaceful living, and attempt to expand the international relations of the United States during his term of office. Sources: