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Copy of Nouns

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by

A. Hough

on 26 September 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Nouns

NOUNS
For instance, did you know that there are EIGHT different types of nouns? You may have not, but we're here to teach you about all eight of them.
The types of nouns are, abstract nouns, proper nouns, countable nouns, UNcountable nouns, common nouns, concrete nouns, collective nouns, nouns of address, and compound nouns.
What is a noun?
Well hopefully from the video you learned a noun is a person, place, or thing.
However there are probably somethings you dont know about nouns
The first type of noun is the common noun
Well, to answer that question we have prepared a special video for you that might bring some pleasant memories from your childhood, Enjoy! :)
A common noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.
The second type of noun is the Proper noun
Proper nouns are used to name specific people, places or things. These types of nouns are always capitalized
The third type of noun is the noun of address.
Nouns of address are proper nouns used to address a person, place, or thing.
The fourth type of noun is the compound noun.
A compound noun is any noun that combines two words together. For example, Trashcan is a compound noun because it's a combination of Trash+can.
The fifth type of noun is the countable noun.
Countable nouns are pretty simple. They are just nouns that can be counted. Now you may be thinking that basically every noun is a countable noun, but that's incorrect (We're about to show you why)
The sixth type of noun is the UNcountable noun or sometimes called mass noun
Uncountable nouns are just nouns that can not be counted (simple isn't it). Some examples of uncountable nouns are milk, air, blood, water.
The next type of noun is the collective noun.
A collective noun is a singular word, but refers to multiple people. For instance, team and jury are both collective nouns.
The next type of noun is the abstract noun.
An abstract noun is a noun that can not be touched. For instance, peace and justice are abstract nouns. Also, adjectives can be turned into abstract nouns but we'll discuss that more later.
The last type of noun is the concrete noun.
A concrete noun is the opposite of an abstract noun. Concrete nouns are nouns that CAN be touched.
Now I realize that was a LOT of information right there, and you probably don't remember it all, so we're gonna practice with some review questions.
ok so question #1, In the below sentences, identify the noun(s) in the sentences and tell me what type of noun(s) it is.
David is walking down the street and sees a strange figure. He is trying to see if he knows the figure, but the stranger flees before he could get a close look. (remember the types of nouns were proper, abstract, countable, uncountable, concrete, common, nouns of address, and collective nouns; also a single noun can be more then one type of noun.)
The nouns were: David (proper, common, concrete, uncountable), street (common, countable, concrete), figure (common, concrete, countable), he (proper, common, uncountable, concrete), stranger (common, countable, concrete), look (common, abstract, countable).
(Identify the nouns and tell me the type)

Court was in session. A horrible murder had occured, and the jury was ready to bring upon justice.
The nouns in that sentence were : Court (common, concrete, countable), session (abstract, common, countable), murder (common, countable, concrete), jury (collective, concrete, countable, common), justice (abstract, countable, common)
(Identify the nouns and tell me the type again...)

It was pitch black. The cat's black fur blended in with the night. There was no movement. The cat pounced.
The nouns were: it (proper, common, concrete uncountable), cat (common, concrete, countable), fur (countable, concrete, common), night (countable, abstract, common), movement (countable, concrete, common).
Ok now that you get the gist of the types of nouns we are going to take it a little further. Not only are there different types of nouns, they are used in different forms.
The different forms are subjective, objective, and possessive.
For example, subjective nouns are when nouns are used as the subject of a sentence
In the sentence, "The teacher is tall," teacher is the subjective noun.
The form, objective, is just when the noun is being used as the object in a sentence
In the sentence,"He picked up the ball", ball would be the objective noun
The last form of noun is possessive
In the sentence,"The teacher’s car is green." teacher is the possessive noun
So forms are pretty simple aren't they? But we're not done yet, now we have to discuss SUFFIXES.
Suffixes are pretty simple to explain. They are just the things that you place at the ends of words to either change it from an adjective to a noun (or vice versa) or when you want to make a noun plural.
Now, In order to change a noun to become plural, for MOST nouns you only have to add an "-s". (For ex. kids, teachers, desks) However for words that end in "x" you may have to add an "-es" (For ex. boxes) This may also apply to words that end in "-ch" (For ex. witches). Also, for some words that end in "-y" you may have to discard the "y" and make it into an "-ies" in order to make it plural (candies, babies).However, there are such words known as mutated plurals. They have unusual endings, for instance, men, women, children, and people are mutated plurals. Also, some words that maintain the latin/greek form in the plural (cactus->cacti, nucleus->nuclei)
Now we will go over the process of changing an adjective into an abstract noun.
Now in order to change an adjective into a noun you must first take the adjective, (for instance, dark) and then the abstract noun would be the adjective + suffix. (dark + -ness=darkness)
The many suffixes that are used to make adjectives into abstract nouns are: -ness, -ance, -ence, -ity, and -ment. In order to know which suffix to add on you really must know the word.
Finally! We are done. We have discussed and completed all of the objectives, now to finish up, you may work on the crossword
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