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Practical: Classical Guitar
Transcript of Practical: Classical Guitar
To gain new knowledge about the classical guitar and to apply this knowledge in teaching myself the classical guitar.
Know how to distinguish a classical guitar
Learn the basic techniques and important factors of playing the classical guitar
Learn how to read guitar tabs and guitar theory PURPOSE, PLANS, GOALS PHASE 1 What is classical guitar?
The classical guitar is the traditional form of guitar from the chordophone family of instruments. It comprises of six nylon strings which is often plucked with the right hand thumb and first three fingers. In order to differentiate between a classical guitar and acoustic guitar, I have analysing from sources Kitarrikool (2011) and Mahalodotcom (2011) and synthesised the following table: PHASE 2 How will I achieve this:
Phase 1: What is Classical Guitar?
-Differentiate and understand the unique features which make it a classical guitar.
-Compare the difference between Classical Guitar and the Acoustic Guitar.
Phase 2: Basic techniques of the Classical Guitar
-Understand the correct: position of holding the guitar, fingering and important techniques of playing notes (strumming, plucking)
Phase 3: Learn guitar theory
-Allow me to read guitar scores and have a better understanding of the technicality of the piece.
Phase 4: Learn classical guitar from a guitar teacher on Open Day
-Opportunity to learn from an experienced guitarist.
Phase 5: Choose a classical guitar song to learn
- Applying skills learnt. Bibliography:
Wikidifference. 2012. Difference between acoustic guitar and classical guitar. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.wikidifference.com/difference-between-acoustic-guitar-and-classical-guitar/. [Accessed 18 April 12].
Basson, A. 2011. What is “classical” guitar? [ONLINE] Available at: http://music.stackexchange.com/questions/2440/what-is-classical-guitar. [Accessed 18 April 12].
Matthew, A. 2012. What is Classical Guitar? [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.allenmathews.com/whatisclassicalguitar.php. [Accessed 20 April 12].
Altmeier- Mort, P, 1992. The art of Classical Guitar- A complete method. 1st ed. Australia: CPL.
MacKay, S, 2005. Simply Guitar. Australia: Hinkler Books.
Kitarrikool. (2011). Acoustic vs Classical Guitar [Online Video]. 05 February. Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CS8fpgZbFKA. [Accessed: 17 May 2012
Mahalodotcom. (2011). The difference between Acoustic and Classical Guitar. [Online Video]. 20 July. Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ISGOwdOnnrI. [Accessed: 17 May 2012].
guitar2adam. (2011). Tremolo Tutorial: styles for fingers and picks. [Online Video]. 01 February. Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yUsMps4RXVs. [Accessed: 19 May 2012].
classicalguitarHB. (2009). Classical guitar trills. [Online Video]. 13 May. Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w4BgiozpxzQ. [Accessed: 18 May 2012]
Lutemann. (2007). Classical Guitar Lesson #3: Rest stroke. [Online Video]. 03 January. Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2runviQRmXg. [Accessed: 18 May 2012].
eHow. (2009). Classical guitar beginners Techniques Lesson. [Online Video]. 16 May. Available from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trP3AOKshgE. [Accessed: 22 May 2012
Learn-classical-guitar-today.com. 2010. Learn Classical Guitar for all ages and stages. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.learn-classical-guitar-today.com/. [Accessed 03 May 12].
Squidoo. 2012. Beginner Guitar Theory. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.squidoo.com/Beginner-Guitar-Theory. [Accessed 01 June 12].
GuitarLessons.com. 2011. Learn How To Read Sheet Music For The Guitar!. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.guitarlessons.com/guitar-lessons/guitar-theory-ear-training-and-reading/how-to-read-sheet-music/. [Accessed 01 June 12].
Phillips M.. 2012. Arpeggio-Style Classical Guitar Exercise. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/arpeggiostyle-classical-guitar-exercise.html. [Accessed 13 August 12]
Gibson's Learn & Master Guitar Blog . 2011. Notes on the 1st & 2nd Strings. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.learnandmaster.com/guitar-blog/course-walk-through/notes-on-the-1st-2nd-strings. [Accessed 01 August 12]
Xter. 2010. Basic Classical Style. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.ultimate-guitar.com/lessons/music_styles/basic_classical_style.html. [Accessed 05 August 12] Holding a guitar:
The correct guitar holding position is to use a footstool and to hold the guitar between the left and right leg which allows four contact points of the inner thigh, leg, chest and right arm. This stablelises the guitar and allow comfortable and easy movement. I find holding the guitar uncomfortable as my wrist is not use to bending backwards. Also, holding the guitar upright makes it hard to reach frets which are higher on the neck of the guitar. Arpeggio:
An arpeggio is a technique involving the left hand holding down chords whilst the right hand is plucking the strings one after another to create a clear sustaining sound. Usually a melody would be played over the arpeggios. I find playing the arpeggios really challenging as I cannot get my right hand to relax to flexibly pluck the notes in a circular motion. At times my fingers would get stuck between the strings, miss the string or it would pluck the wrong strings however after many practices it became easier. Here is an example of me practicing arpeggios: Trill:
Trills involves the technique of hammering-on or pulling-off whereby your right hand plucks the string while your left hand is pressing on a specific fret (usually your index finger on the left hand) and then your middle finger is immediately placed on the same string which is still vibrating in the next fret which raises the tone and pitch of the note. I found this technique quite easy and found that it is important to have your entire left hand fingers curved around the neck of the guitar. This will allow easy access to each fret and strings. Having longer nails is more helpful in alternating your fingers more easily. At times I have trouble producing sound from a trill because my right hand is not plucking loud enough. Tremolo:
A tremolo is the rapid plucking of the same string where your thumb, middle finger and index finger of the right hand alternates quickly next to each other. This then can be applied over a set of three different strings whilst your left hand holds a chord. I found it challenging to play a tremolo over one string as my fingers would hit each other when trying to alternate quickly. Also, my fingers would be confused to which finger was to pluck next. However, I found that playing a tremolo over three different strings of a chord makes it easier to alternate the fingers due to more spacing. To apply this knowledge, I went to teach a group of year 9 students how to tremolo over A major chord. Free and rest stroke:
Rest stroke, also known as apyando, is when after plucking a string with your finger, that finger then rests on the immediate upper string above afterwards. I thought this technique was straight forward and easy to do as you are able to rest your finger on the upper above string.
Free stroke, also known as tirando, is when plucking a string your finger touches nothing afterwards. I found this technique more challenging as I would always continue to play other strings than the specific string. I learnt that it is important that your hands are relaxed in a ball shape and allow a free swinging motion of fingers for easy alternation of fingers which also avoids playing any other string after plucking the specific note. PHASE 3 Here are images of myself practicing and learning guitar theory: PHASE 4 Learning from an experienced guitarist:
On Sunday the 4th of March I was able to participate in the music department with a music teacher who specialised in playing guitar at an Open Day. Initially I did have a knowledge of basic chords and basic strumming patterns which allowed the teacher to teach me more new different techiques and skills. Although, we couldn’t play any classical guitar pieces together due to it not being suitable for background music for Open Day, the teacher was able to show me small tunes which required fingerstyling which is a similar technique component in classical guitar. I played a background tune which repeated throughout the song while the teacher who was the lead guitarist improvised a melody on top. This also allowed me to concentrate on my particular role and not get distracted by the lead guitarist. This experience also allowed me to observe the techniques, fingering and strumming of other ‘s who joined in to play a song together where I was able to imitate and learn from. All in all, learning from others allowed me to have another approach in learning the guitar aside from reading books and watching YouTube videos. The help of others, such as the music teacher, were able to give me advice, fix my mistakes and teach me what they have learned from their experience. PHASE 5 Chosen Song: Canon in D by Pachebel Final Product I have chosen to learn Canon in D by Johann Pachelbel as my final song product in order to demonstrate the techniques I have learnt throughout my practical skills. This song was very challenging to learn as I found difficultly in stretching my fingers to reach notes of large intervals. When trying to read the tabs while moving both hands to pluck a note of a string, I often pluck the wrong string whilst holding a different note. For these reasons, I found it hard to keep the left hand moving in time with the rhythm while playing the correct notes and so during the song I would slow down during particular sections. Through practicing this song, I have learnt to keep my middle finger, annular finger and little finger of the right hand on the first three strings of the guitar for the majority of the song for easy movement and transition. Overall, I feel great accomplishment that I have been able to apply the techniques I have learnt to learn a complete song to the best of my ability. Notation of Classical Guitar vs. Standard Guitar
From research in comparing the notation of classical guitar and standard guitar, I found that classical guitar is much more complex while standard guitar has more freedom in playing. Classical guitar is strict and requires reading and memorising tabs, thinking ahead to place fingers in position before playing and the notes are played according to how it is indicated. In contrast, the standard guitar is more free as you are playing standard chords with any strumming or plucking pattern you desire to play as well as being able to improvise. I find it easier to play standard guitar due to its free form however classical guitar is more challenging due to its accurate and strict form which makes it more interesting to learn. Notes of each string on the guitar
After learning the notes of each string on the guitar, here are videos of me practicing different exercises for each string on the guitar.