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Transcript of Multiculturalism
Multicultural education is a process that permeates all aspects of school practices, policies and organizations as a means to ensure the highest levels of academic achievement for all students. It helps students develop a positive self-concept by providing knowledge about the histories, cultures, and contributions of diverse groups. BENEFITS Builds
healthier friendships One study discusses that diverse friendships resulted in a decrease in physical victimization and an increase in peer support due to peer acceptance and awareness. Gain acceptance,
pride Fosters a more
classroom Potential to
G A P
subsets Positive attitude towards education, differences, similarities, and one another Potential Harm Misunderstanding, misleading, and mistreatment Discrimination against Whites Inferiority and Alienation Creates shame and embarrassment If a teacher teaches misconceptions and bias beliefs about cultural diversity When trying to undo racial biases When a teacher, of a different race, has power over a classroom which becomes misinterpreted as a superiority in culture Why is multiculturalism important in a classroom? Within the next thirty years it is predicted that the majority of children will be race-ethnic minorities So now that we know why, where and how do we start to integrate multiculturalism into the classroom and curriculum? US Pre-Service Teachers “I just have to admit it. I want to be a good teacher but I just can’t find it in my heart to teach the people [Mexicans] that I view as intruders who have taken away jobs and social services from Americans. Just by entering this country without proper document, they are illegal and should be deported..." “I am so ashamed of what I have been feeling. After reading about how the U.S. conquered lands from Mexico and the agreement that was made to allow Mexican citizens in those lands to continue to practice their culture, religion, and language, I now see what is meant when Mexicans say: “We didn’t cross the border. The border crossed us.”... I can see why Mexican people are risking their lives to come to the United States. It is a matter of survival and the United States has always been a place where immigrants have come. Why should we discriminate just because they came from south of the border? Is it because their skin is brown and not white?” In order to avoid thoughts and biases of that student teacher, we must talk about racism, race, and culture in our college classes to become equipped with the knowledge, patience, and ingenuity to become successful teachers of all students. There are four types of resistances that lead to unproductive conversations about race, which we want to avoid. Diffusion Silence Preservation of a few high profile individuals Benevolent liberalism Use a constructivist approach in and out of the college classroom One article analyzed surveys of college students taking a constructivist career course. The results showed that when students are given the ability to integrate their own culture, family, and personal identity with their career choices, students become more confident in their own abilities. Rid your mind of perspectives such as, "This is America and everyone needs to speak English" or "African American students cannot perform at high levels" Instead, use culture and language as strengths on which learning can and should be built. “Teaching, like any truly human activity emerges from one’s inwardness, for better or worse. As I teach, I project the condition of my soul onto my students, my subject, and our way of being together. The entanglements I experience in the classroom are often no more or less than the convolutions of my inner life. Viewed from this angle, teaching holds a mirror to the soul. If I am willing to look in that mirror and not run from what I see, I have a chance to gain self-knowledge and knowing myself is as crucial to good teaching as knowing my students and my subject… Good teaching requires self-knowledge: it is a secret hidden in plain sight.”
-"The Courage to Teach" by Parker Palmer Learning to work with multiple perspectives, multiple frames of reference, and multiple funds of knowledge is at the heart of multicultural curriculum design. TECHNOLOGY MATHEMATICS SOCIAL
STUDIES SCIENCE Refer to students as scientists to have them feel confident and capable. Incorporating culturally relevant aspects of students, such as their hometown builds a sense of community. “There are so many different perspectives in our society, and so it only makes sense to look at social studies through that cultural lens.” Reading and Literacy Many, many books to choose from such as,
"Hats, Hats, Hats" COMMUNICATION