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Treaty of Versailles
Transcript of Treaty of Versailles
7,849,000 soldiers lay dead in the fields of Europe - a generation wiped out by bomb, bullet and gas.
The Allied powers meet to decide on the key points surrounding the First World War. They were to decide who caused the war, who is to pay and what is to become of Germany, Austria and indeed Europe as a whole. France Britain USA Germany Italy Japan Georges Clemenceau Woodrow Wilson Lloyd George Rhineland repartrations Versailles Rhineland League of Nations 11 Nov 1918 demilitarize 14 Points Allied Powers Clemenceau wanted to make Germany pay for all of the damage to France.
He had three main demands:
Germany must return Alsace-Lorraine to France
2. Germany must pay Reparations to France to cover the cost of rebuilding France
3. France should be allowed to take possession of the Rhineland Most people wanted Germany to be punished.
Lloyd George believed that:
•Germany should not be treated too harshly would lead to future trouble
•Germany should be allowed to recover
•France should not be allowed to take the Rhineland. Lloyd George was only prepared to “demilitarize” the Rhineland "Make Germany Pay!" "Squeeze them until the pips squeak!" The USA only declared war on Germany in April 1917 and suffered no damage.
Wilson arrived in Europe with the "Fourteen Points":
•Self Determination: The peoples of Europe should be allowed to decide their own future
•A League of Nations should be set up to settle disputes between countries in the future. Clause 231 The Germans were outraged by the Treaty of Versailles. They felt it was unfair. Many Germans wanted to refuse to sign the treaty; some even suggested that they start the war again.
It was a 'Diktat'. They had not been allowed to take part in the talks they had just been told to sign.
The Germans hated Clause 231. Clause 231 did not physically harm Germany, but it hurt Germany's pride - and it was this, as much as anything else, that made them want to overturn the treaty. The Treaty of Versailles gave Japan German territories in the Pacific [the Marianas, Caroline, and Marshall Islands].
However, Japan was not satisfied because it wanted to expand into China.
Japan was also angered by the peacemaker's failure to endorse the principle of the equality of all races.
The Japanese government wanted to expand into a
Nipponese empire in the Pacific, extending into China and Australia. Entered the war based on the London Pact (1915). THis promised Italy control of Dalmatia, part of Germany's colonies in Asia and Africa and protectorate over Albania.
Wanted rewards promised in the London Pact. Britain France Germany Russia USA Japan WHITEBOARD Teacher's Desk World War One World War One troops and fighting WW1 Combat in Colour 1914-1918