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Transcript of Smallpox
Prevention and Treatments
There is a vaccine to prevent smallpox.
There are no known treatments for it, but there are ways to helps reduce the symptoms.
Contact with contaminated objects
Contact with bodily fluids
In 1796, Edward Jenner successfully created the vaccine.
He used cowpox, which is similar to smallpox, to create it.
Cowpox was used because it was less dangerous to put the disease into peoples bodies.
Someone can get the vaccination 4-7 days after viral exposure.
If someone does get the virus, the only thing to do is to reduce symptoms and prevent dehydration.
The patient will only receive antibiotics if they develop a bacterial infection from it.
The Smallpox Pandemic
400,000 people each year
20th century: 300-500 million deaths
WHO pushed eradication efforts
A Clear and Present Danger
By Mary Kayser and Sabrina Mahmoodi
What is Smallpox?
A viral disease
Double stranded DNA virus
Two envelopes (core and outer)
How does one contract smallpox?
Only humans can transmit and catch smallpox
Declared eradicated from the world in 1977.
Some religions have gods or goddesses for smallpox
Smallpox is not naturally occurring in nature.
Only two places in the world have stores of smallpox
(that we know of)
"Smallpox Disease Overview".
. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004. Web. 1 May, 2015.<http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/>
Ajith, Matthew. "Variola Virus: Smallpox."
. UCONN, 2010. Web. 1 May 2015.<http://web.uconn.edu/mcbstaff/graf/Student%20presentations/Smallpox/Smallpox.html>
Mayo Clinic Staff. "Treatments and Drugs".
. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 1998-2015. Web. 3 May 2015.