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Sabrina Mahmoodi

on 7 May 2015

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Transcript of Smallpox

The Vaccine
Prevention and Treatments
There is a vaccine to prevent smallpox.

There are no known treatments for it, but there are ways to helps reduce the symptoms.
Interesting Facts
Direct contact

Contact with contaminated objects

Contact with bodily fluids

Airborne (rare)
In 1796, Edward Jenner successfully created the vaccine.
He used cowpox, which is similar to smallpox, to create it.
Cowpox was used because it was less dangerous to put the disease into peoples bodies.
Someone can get the vaccination 4-7 days after viral exposure.
If someone does get the virus, the only thing to do is to reduce symptoms and prevent dehydration.
The patient will only receive antibiotics if they develop a bacterial infection from it.
The Smallpox Pandemic
400,000 people each year

20th century: 300-500 million deaths

WHO pushed eradication efforts
A Clear and Present Danger
By Mary Kayser and Sabrina Mahmoodi
What is Smallpox?
A viral disease
Double stranded DNA virus
Smallpox Structure
Two envelopes (core and outer)
How does one contract smallpox?
Only humans can transmit and catch smallpox
Declared eradicated from the world in 1977.
Some religions have gods or goddesses for smallpox
Smallpox is not naturally occurring in nature.
Only two places in the world have stores of smallpox
(that we know of)
Works Cited
"Smallpox Disease Overview".
. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004. Web. 1 May, 2015.<http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/>
Ajith, Matthew. "Variola Virus: Smallpox."
. UCONN, 2010. Web. 1 May 2015.<http://web.uconn.edu/mcbstaff/graf/Student%20presentations/Smallpox/Smallpox.html>
Mayo Clinic Staff. "Treatments and Drugs".
. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 1998-2015. Web. 3 May 2015.
Riedel, Stefan.
Full transcript