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Unit I: Identity
Transcript of Unit I: Identity
1. How do our experiences shape our own identity?
2. How does our identity shape our perspective of the world?
3. How do authors use style to represent their own identities?
What elements (in your opinion) have the most impact on your identity?
Based on the clip from "A Christmas Story," create three questions- one from each level of questioning.
What influences our short and long-term decisions?
How does society determine our identity?
The author's opinion or attitude about a subject
Read the poem titled “Lost Generation” by Jonathan Reed.
Answer the following questions:
1. What is the theme of the poem?
2. What is the author's attitude on the theme? Give three (3) specific examples from the poem to support your claim.
3. What are your thoughts about what he’s saying about your generation?
So you might think you have identified the author's tone...
but there's more...
Read the poem backwards, line by line
What is the speaker’s attitude this time around?
is a subject or topic. An example of a motif might be love, family, death, or education.
Consider your school classes to be motifs.
is a statement that the text seems to be making about that subject; a message, moral, or lesson conveyed through the events, conflicts, and characters.
Read the poem "The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost.
What is the MOTIF of the poem?
Identify two examples from the text that support your answer
What is the theme of the poem?
How did you come to that conclusion
What is the author's tone on his subject?
What words, phrases, or images indicate the tone?
Symbolism is when writers use animals, elements, things, places, or colors to represent other things. The symbols they use are usually well known in literature or culture. When you understand the symbol being used, yoSymbolism is when writers use animals, elements, things, places, or colors to represent other things. The symbols they use are usually well known in literature or culture. When you understand the symbol being used, you connect its meaning to the story you are reading and understand the story on a deeper level.
Harrison Bergeron, by Kurt Vonegut
Make a list of all the "handicaps" that exist in HB.
What are each of them intended to hide or compensate for?
In your own words, define the word "handicap"
Per our application to identity, how are we handicapped by:
Make an identity chart for Harrison Bergeron. What things influenced him? What aspects of his character can you infer from the text?
Did Harrison have the power to define himself or did society do it for him? Harrison tried to break the rules of his society.
Should an individual go against society? If so, under what circumstances? If not, what are the benefits of conformity? What might the consequences be?
Pick a side
What is an inference?
In small groups, you are going to be given ten (10) adjectives:
Writers often tell you more than they say directly. They give you hints or clues that help you "read between the lines."
Using these clues to give you a deeper understanding of your reading is called
. When you infer, you go beyond the surface details to see other meanings that the details suggest or imply (not stated).
When the meanings of words are not stated clearly in the context of the text, they may be implied - that is, suggested or hinted at. When meanings are implied, you may infer them.
Inference is just a big word that means a conclusion or judgement.
Look at the pictures around the room. Use your inference skills to identify and label each with the adjectives on each post-it note.
For each picture, compose two (2) arguments that defend your classification.
One must be implied (she is smiling) and one must be inferred (she is opening a present, and presents make people happy).
1. What is an anthem?
2. List 5-7 characteristics anthems serve?
3. How do anthems relate to identity?
Types of Irony
What you think is going to happen turns out the opposite of what is actually is happening from what you thought.
Something said in a manner that has literal connotation, but expresses something different in the context of the situation. This may be done for any number of reasons, but typically the intent is either humor or emphasis.
Letting the audience in on something of which one or more characters is unaware. Thus any actions or words from the character about this thing are ironic to the audience, because we know better.
The intended meaning is an inversion of the plain meaning.
What type of irony is this the best example of?
Philosophical Concepts in Anthem
In the society portrayed in Anthem, what is considered to be good, or virtuous?
In present society, what is considered to be good or virtuous?
How do we determine what is "good" in society?
Imagine Equality receives a visit from his moral conscience. What would each side (good v. bad) tell him about his decision to go against his brothers.
Remember, this is based on HIS society's view of what is good and bad!!!!
The practice or principle of giving a group priority over each individual in it. The greatest good for the greatest number of people.
A social theory favoring freedom of action for individuals over collective or state control.
The act of promoting someone else’s welfare, even at a risk or cost to ourselves.
The idea that an individual's moral obligation is to achieve his own welfare. Doing something good because it makes YOU feel good.
A type of social influence involving a change in belief or behavior in order to fit in with a group. Yielding to group pressures.
Complying with a command; yielding to those in authority.
Forming one's own judgement and living by the work of one's own mind.
Whats in a name?
Interpret the names of the characters we have met thus far. Do they hold true to their names?
What's in a name?
Authors use different types of figurative elements to portray a theme, tone, or style to their writing.
An abstract representation of an idea, belief, or other intangible concept. This is one of the most frequently used types of figurative language.
Symbolism can be found in all aspects of the plot
Light v. Dark:
Light usually suggests hope, renewal, OR intellectual illumination; darkness implies the unknown,
ignorance, or despair
Very often, there will be symbolism in a character's name, appearance, or actions
a recurrent image, symbol, character or even situation that is an instinctual character or even situation that is
universal in nature
Look closely at names, locations, colors, objects, shapes, etc. Find 10 symbols throughout Anthem. Explain each one's significance to the overall themes/interpretations of the plot.
Create One new emoji to use in Anthem's society. Consider color, expression, emotion, etc.
In small groups, you will illustrate your emoji and explain its symbolism to the class. We will vote on the BEST emoji. Winners will be handsomely rewarded.
Sizing Them Up: Characterization
A reader must analyze explicit and implicit elements of the plot to understand a character.
Remember the STEAL approach for characterization:
OK, not THAT steal...
STEAL stands for:
Two types of characterization:
Direct characterization tells the audience what the traits and personality of the character is.
Indirect characterization uses the STEAL method to interpret characters.
What does the character SAY? How does he or she say it?
What is revealed by the characters THOUGHTS?
What is revealed through the character’s effect on other people? How do other characters feel or behave in reaction to the character?
What does the character do? How does the character behave?
What does the character look like? How does the character dress?
What is a mask?
How do people wear masks?
What purpose do they serve?
Read the poems "We Wear the Mask" and "Please Hear What I'm Not Saying"
What type of "mask" does each author wear?
For Thursday, you will be writing a 15 line poem about the mask you wear. Use vivid images and other elements of figurative language to illustrate your metaphorical mask.
How does out past shape our identity?
What elements define who you are as an individual?
While reading Elie Wiesel's Night, we will consider the following questions that relate to identity
How does our past affect our future?
What role does memory and recollection play in shaping who we are?
How does culture impact our morals and conduct (how we act) towards those who are different?
Can you identify the following icons
A brief background of the Holocaust
How do people use language effectively to express their experiences?
How does personal struggle define an individual?
Questions to consider for tomorrow's Chalk Talk:
1. What is the most important right we have as human beings?
2. Do you believe that people are born evil? If yes, explain why you think this. If no, give your prediction how evil exists.
3. True or false: When people see injustice, they should do whatever they can to stop it.
4. In today's society, what group do you feel is oppressed the most? Explain your opinion.
5. Per your scavenger hunt activity, what was the most interesting thing you learned?
Night Chapters 1-3
Who is Elie Weisel?
Who are his family and how do they fit into society?
"The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is generally agreed to be the foundation of international human rights law. Adopted in 1948, the UDHR has inspired a rich body of legally binding international human rights treaties. It continues to be an inspiration to us all whether in addressing injustices, in times of conflicts, in societies suffering repression, and in our efforts towards achieving universal enjoyment of human rights" (un.org)
Who is Moche the Beadle? Is he crazy, or is he a prophet
"'Man come closer to God through the questions you ask Him,' he liked to say. Therein lies true dialogue. Man asks and God replies. But we don't understand his replies."
What does this mean?
In the first three chapters, what words/images do you see repeated the most? Why are these words/images relevant to what is going on in Elie's life?
If you were in a similar situation as Elie- forced to leave the comforts of his own home with little notice, what would you pack? Why?
What was life like in the ghettos?
The Nuremberg Laws limited the rights of Jews. This was the first legal action taken to oppress Jews.
Marriages between Jews and citizens of German or kindred blood are forbidden
Extramarital sexual intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of Germany or related blood is forbidden
Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens under the age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers.
Jews are forbidden to display the Reich and national flag or the national colors. On the other hand they are permitted to display the Jewish colors.
A person who acts contrary to the prohibition of Section 1 will be punished with hard labor.
A person who acts contrary to the prohibition of Section 2 will be punished with imprisonment or with hard labor.
A person who acts contrary to the provisions of Sections 3 or 4 will be punished with imprisonment up to a year and with a fine, or with one of these penalties.
How does Elie's memory of what happened in the camp impact his faith?
What is genocide?
The term "genocide" did not exist before 1944. It is a very specific term, referring to violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group. Human rights, as laid out in the US Bill of Rights or the 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, concern the rights of individuals.
Mother Sarah, and older sisters Hilda and Beatrice, and younger sister Tzipora
When the Jewish people were being deported, they were allowed to take only one small bag with all their possessions. Evidence has shown that most people took their photograph albums.
Why do you think these albums were so important to them?
How did the German soldiers win the confidence of the people of Sighet?
How did this hold consistent to how Hitler gained respect from Germans before Jews began to become oppressed?
Wiesel’s village was invaded by the Nazi soldiers in 1944, years after the extermination of Jews had begun. Why, after all this time, did the people have so little, if any, information about what had been happening to Jews all over Europe?
What are sterioty
What are stereotypes? What is discrimination?
How did people not know the injustice that was going on?
Jim Crow Laws
Nuremburg Laws: Prohibited the rights of Jews
What is a public service announcement?
A PSA addresses are short, commercial-style videos meant to persuade a target demographic to change its view or take action for a cause.
•Because you've only got a few seconds to reach your audience (often 60 seconds or less), the language should be simple and vivid. Take your time and make every word count. Make your message crystal clear.
•The content of the writing should have the right "hooks" -- words or phrases that grab attention -- to attract your audience (again, you need to know who your audience is). For example, starting your PSA off with something like, "If you're between the ages of 25 and 44, you're more likely to die from AIDS than from any other disease."
•The PSA should usually (though maybe not 100% of the time) request a specific action.. You ordinarily want listeners to do something as a result of having heard the PSA.
Before viewing Mr. Death, you wrote about your opinion on capital punishment. Did your opinion on capital punishment change at all by watching this film? Why or why not? Explain your answer.
One of the issues which are central to this film is the notion of freedom of speech. Do you feel that Zündel should have the right to publish anti-Holocaust material even though it could cause racial problems? Explain your answer.
Do you feel that Fred Leuchter deserves the treatment he received from others after he testified in the trial? Is it fair for him to be treated this way? Explain your answer.
What is your reaction to this documentary?
What is your opinion on capital punishment?
Did you know that there are people who believe the holocaust of WWII did not exist?
Ernst Zündel: Did 6 Million Really Die?
Arno Mayer: Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?
How does Elie Weisel use language to depict his experiences and feelings before, during, and after his time in Auschwitz?
In the 1920s, Ernest Hemingway’s colleagues bet him that he couldn’t write a complete story in just six words. They paid up. Hemingway is said to have considered it his best work.
For sale: baby shoes, never used.
With expression, what is more important? Length or content?
Could you tell your life story in just six words?
Connotation and Denotation
Take a look at the six word stories on the handout. In small groups, analyze each of them. What do they mean? Are they impactful? Why? Why not?
Which story stands out the most? Least?
In small groups, create a six word story to describe this class. Be ready to share.
In your groups, you will now create a six word story to summarize a chapter from Night.
Three Levels of Questioning
Level One: Just the facts, Jack
L1 questioning asks questions that can be answered with definite answers from the text.
Who is the main character?
What did they main character do after _________?
Where did they go during _________?
Level Two: Read between the lines
Level two questions require you to infer or interpret part of the question in order to answer it.
Compare the viewpoints of _______ and _______.
Contrast character A's actions to character B's actions.
Which of Shakespeare's plays was most influential?
Level Three: Take it to infinity and beyond...
Level three questions challenge you to take what you know or have learned and apply it to a bigger picture.
What if Harrison Bergeron was not killed by DMG? How would this have had an impact on society?
Decide if the society we live in most likely resembles a utopia or dystopia. Explain.
Being a close reader is a magic power!!!!
Steps to being a close reader:
1. Recognize the genre
-poem, essay, fiction, play
2. Paraphrase each section and highlight quotes or facts that are relevant to the main idea
3. Find the logic
-what is the author's view on the subject? How is their idea developed?
4. LANGUAGE (this is in all caps for a reason)
repetition, strong v. weak words
similes, metaphors, puns, oh my!
pay attention to not just what characters say but HOW they say it.
how are passages divided? How are sentences constructed?
5. Conflict and Resolution
-what is the problem?
- how is it solved?
-who/what/where/when/why is the problem solved?
6. The speaker
- can you trust the speaker?
- does the speaker have a bias?
For whom is this anthem written? How can you infer from the the lyrics?
Utopia v. Dystopia
A utopia is a society that depicts conditions that are perfect or ideal.
A dystopia is the opposite of utopia. There is usually a heavy presence of government oppression. Resources are scarce and welfare of society is low.
Describe the setting of Anthem. How is it different from where we live today?
Do you see any similarities in Anthem's society and the current society we live in?
Based on Chapters 1-3 of Anthem, what dystopian elements do recognize?
What are the benefits of conforming? In what situation is conformity necessary?
When is conformity a GOOD thing? Under what circumstances should people conform?
Read and annotate the story "A Wolf Story."
What is a theme in this story? Provide textual evidence to support your answer.