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African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955 – 1968)
Transcript of African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955 – 1968)
-Violence Black children must be separate in public schools i) to help register black voters
ii) to build community organizations that could win a share of political power in the state Memphis, King Assassination and the Poor People's March, 1968 African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) Mississippi Freedom Summer Black Power March on Washington Rosa Parks and The Montgomery Bus Boycott King Riots, 1968 Prison Reform Cold War Conclusion stop blacks from voting >>>> culture of white supremacy # Literacy test
# Employers fired blacks & landlords evicted blacks
$ Black voter campaign spread across the state white college students + local black
activists (help blacks to register as voters, teach in Freedom Schools and organize Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP)) State and local governments, police, the White Citizens' Council and the Ku Klux Klan to oppose the project & prevent blacks from registering to vote or achieving social equality failed to register many voters They able to gather almost all of whom blacks and white. gaining more of a sense of a cultural identity overthrow the white-run government in America and the prison system white prison guard was found not guilty of shooting and killing three black prisoners from the prison tower Montgomery city ordinance :
segregate bus passengers by race - improve general status of Montgomery City
- improve race relations MIA desegregation of Montgomery’s buses
boycott ended on 20th December
(381 days) OUTCOMES to eliminate employment discrimination meaningful civil rights laws
a massive federal works program
full and fair employment
the right to vote
adequate integrated education Six Official Goals Union Representation Campaign Rev. James Lawson Martin Luther King Jr. "I've Been to the Mountaintop" Riots broke up Black business destroyed Rev. Ralph Abernathy fundamental changes in American society and economic structure. Cleveland, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Chicago, New York City and Louisville, Kentucky. Turning point ⌘*
racial segregation and white flight in America's cities,
strengthening racial barriers NAACP tried to persuade the students to back down from their protest against the Jim Crow laws of school segregation. NAACP automatically joined them in their battle against school segregation School integration, Barnard School, Washington, D.C., 1955. Mississippi State Penitentiary Trusty system Gates v. Collier Racial segregation 1972- Prison renovated -modern standards of decency -fit for human habitation Mary L. Dudziak Mary L. Dudziak First World: the United States, United Kingdom and its allies.
Second World: the Soviet Union, China, and their allies.
Third World: neutral and non-aligned In Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy, leader of the free world African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968) The strategy of public education, legislative lobbying, and litigation that had typified the Civil Rights Movement. From 1960-1968 T.R.M. Howard Leader of Regional Council of Negro Leadership ( RCNL) Boycott success in 1952 Encourage blacks to make deposits Montgomery Bus Boycott From 1956-1957, Success lead by Dr King. They get help by Highlander Folk School began the first citizenship school. Esau Jenkins, Septima Clarkeand Bernice Robinson. 381 days Disputed election of 1876. Systematic disfranchisement of African Americans took place in Southern states from 1890 to 1908 'The Party of Lincoln'-the party that most blacks belonged to.