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Removal of the Cherokee from Georgia (Part 1)

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Angela Brazell

on 6 December 2017

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Transcript of Removal of the Cherokee from Georgia (Part 1)

Removal of the Cherokee from Georgia (Part 1)
William McIntosh
Ga. Story Video

Record at least 2 facts to share with the class.


created the Cherokee syllabary (first Native American written language)
Before this, Cherokee passed down their history orally
Sequoyah had a white father and a Cherokee mother (although some sources report that he was full blooded Cherokee)
He traveled throughout the Cherokee Nation teaching his new written language
His creation allowed The Cherokee Phoenix to be created
Answer Essential Question
How did the Cherokee try to avoid conflict with the settlers?
Today's Agenda
Open: ~ Ga. Stories "William McIntosh"

Work ~ Prezi Notes
Session: ~ Video Logs "Sequoyah"

~ Bio Book

Closing ~ Answer Essential Question
SS8H4 Explain the significant factors that affected westward expansion in Georgia between 1789 to 1840.
e. Analyze how key people (John Ross, John Marshall, and Andrew Jackson) and events (Dahlonega Gold Rush and Worcester v. Georgia) led to the removal of the Cherokees from Georgia known as the Trail of Tears.
Essential Question
How did the Cherokee try to avoid conflict with the settlers?
What role did John Ross and the Dahlonega Gold Rush play in the events leading to the Trail of Tears?
Cherokee Nation
Cherokee lived in the North Georgia mountains long before Spanish exploration
believed that the best way to save their lands from settlers was to have their society resemble that of the U.S.
they developed a written language, constitution, and a newspaper
they set up schools and adopted an agricultural system which included slavery
None of these things stopped whites from settling on Cherokee Nation land (especially when gold was found)
The Cherokee Phoenix
first newspaper published in the U.S. using Native American language
first issue published in English and Cherokee on February 21, 1828
it lasted until 1834
it was revived during the 20th century and is available today on the web
John Ross (1790-1866)
Cherokee chief of mixed heritage
adopted many European customs
successful business man who owned a large plantation and booming business
had faith in the U.S. government and used the Supreme Court to try to protect his people
Congress passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830 which assured Native Americans would be pushed west past the Mississippi River
Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokees but President Jackson refused to enforce their ruling
Reluctantly, he led his people west losing his wife on The Trail of Tears
He remained the leader until his death
Dahlonega Gold Rush
1828 Benjamin Parks was hunting in North Georgia (Cherokee Nation) and kicked a strange looking rock
it turned out to be gold
this started America's first gold rush (well before California's 1849)
thousands of whites began to settle in Cherokee Nation without permission
1832 Georgia began giving this land to whites in a land lottery
1838 U.S. government removed the Cherokee during The Trail of Tears
so much gold was found that the U.S. government began a mint which produced almost 1.5 million coins
Tough Choices
Ga. Stories

Record at least 2 facts to share with the class.


Ga. Stories

Record at least 2 facts to share with the class.

John Ross
Ga. Stories

Record at least 2 facts to share with the class.

Native American Bio Book
Use the check sheet to complete the Creek portion of your Bio Book
Bio Book pages 1-5
1. Which two people signed the Treaty of New York?

2. What did the Treaty of Indian Springs do?

3. Where were the Creek Indians moved?
Full transcript