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Transcript of Operation
Does Imperialism carry on past the 1914 mark we have put on this unit? YES
Did Imperialism happen before 1450? YES
Is there still Imperialism today? YES
Does Imperialism always look the same (come in the same form)? NO
The good and the bad
The import of European good to areas that did not have them.
Europe would pay good money for raw materials that they have used up.
Food around the world became better through trade and exchange.
New religions/Ideas were shared among groups of people.
Europeans viewed native populations as inferior to them. (Nations were proud of their country and wanted to spread their culture.)
Native populations had no defense against foreign disease (America mostly)
Well Opium can't be good to introduce to China unless you are the Opium dealer. Getting a group of people hooked on drugs to give you better returns on your trade is never good.
Imperialism in India
During the 1700s England started the British East India Company which was to make money for its stock holders by exploiting India's natural resources.
The British East India Company successfully used “divide and conquer” tactics to increase their control over entire regions of the Indian subcontinent.
This strategy entailed fanning the flames of religious division between native Muslim and Hindu groups, and taking advantage of the political rivalries that existed between local native rulers.
The British built schools, railroads, and sent missionaries to spread Christianity.
The Sepoy Mutiny: By 1857 the British army in India included a large number of Indian soldiers.
Rumors circulated among the Sepoys that this cover had been greased with beef and pork fat.
This angered Muslim Sepoys who were not supposed to consume pork, and the Hindu Sepoys who were not supposed to eat beef.
Thus, the Sepoys revolted against the British army, which eventually ended the conflict through use of force.
This resulted in the British government officially taking control of India, making it a colony.
Imperialism in China
Britain imported Tea and Silk from China.
They wanted to make money not lose money to China.
But, they imported so much of these products that they owed money to China.
To find a product that China wanted they turned to the poppy and began to trade in Opium.
This still didn't right the money imbalance.
When China tried to ban Opium Britain declared war thus started the Opium War.
In the treaty on Nanjing: China was to open several ports to Britain without taxes on imports/exports, pay Britain back for the war, only prosecute British living in China under British Law, and give Britain total control over Hong Kong.
This treaty was unequal for China.
Eventually these foreign countries grow tired of dealing with each other and create spheres of influence.
Questions we want to answer:
Why did Europe feel this need to expand?
What were the major issues during imperialism?
What issues are still around today from imperialism?
Do we still have imperialistic trends today?
Imperialism in Africa
Early on the Slave trade was established in Africa by the Portuguese.
By 1800 many countries in Europe had banned the slave trade but it continued well into the 1800s.
1870s the Belgian King Leopold sent emissaries to create a trade alliance with tribes in the Congo.
This caused the Scramble for Africa: France, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Germany, Italy, and Portugal all fought for space.
To avoid conflict with one another in Africa, European leaders met in Berlin, Germany. With little regard or representation for native Africans, the European powers set about carving up Africa according to the following guidelines:
Any sovereign power which wanted to claim any territory should inform the other powers “in order to ... make good any claim of their own.”
Any such annexation should be validated by effective occupation.
Treaties with African rulers were to be considered a valid title to sovereignty.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Imperialism in Australia
In 1788 British explorers first set foot on the continent of Australia, on 11 boats with 1530 people, 736 convicts.
They hoped to set up a settlement in Botany Bay and to establish prisons away from Britain.
This was also the day that the Aboriginal war started, between the natives of Australia and the British.
1823: Conflict between the British and the Aboriginals became so heated that the British proclaimed martial law.
This forced the citizens of Australia to follow the laws of the the British Military.
By 1868 More than 170,000 criminal, from Britain, arrived in Australia in 1868.
Because the prisoners were English speaking they turned Australia into a English speaking nation.
The British view of Australia, being, a land mass capable of holding criminals and nothing more.
It also signifies Australia as an English speaking country, eliminating all other Aboriginal languages, turning it into a more European country.
On January 1st 1901 Australia became a self governing member of the British Empire.
This marks the end of British Imperialism in Australia.