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Norway - Democracy

Social Studies 9, chapter 2
by

Jordan Wauran

on 29 October 2014

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Transcript of Norway - Democracy

The
Head of State of Norway
is a

hereditary monarchy, which means that a family inherits the monarchy and this royal family rules over the country year by year.



Was elected in October 16, 2013 to become the Prime Minister of Norway.
Just recently in September 27, 2014, she made a speech saying that Norway will contribute $215 million USD in the next year to the GAVI Alliance, a global health partnership committed to increasing access to immunization in poor countries.
In October of 2014, the Norwegian government has introduced the 2015 Fiscal Budget. The Fiscal budget is used to promote a more efficient use of Norway's resources.
General information on Norway
Rights and Responsibilities
Given to Citizens
Citizens of Norway:
enjoy their many rights
can vote for their government representatives through elections

After becoming independent of Sweden in 1905, Norway became a Constitutional Monarchy. Citizens over the age of 18 are given the right to, but are not forced to vote. Along with that, the people of Norway are blessed with some of the best living conditions in the world. Everyone is entitled to their rights and everyone is treated with equality.


Protection of these rights
Levels of Government
and their Responsibilities
Geography
The
Head of Government,

meaning the Prime Minister of Norway, is appointed by the Monarch. The Monarch chooses a Council from among Norwegian citizens are allowed to vote. The council should consist of 8 members, the Prime Minister and 7 other members. The king basically has the power to appoint the leader of a majority party to be the Prime Minister but it has to be approved by parliament. There is no limit of terms for the Prime Minister of Norway. However, there are general elections held every four years to decide who will be in charge of being the Prime Minister of Norway.

Norway declared independence from Sweden in 1905 as a Constitutional Monarchy. Although Norway is not considered a part of Europe, it does participate in the European Economic Community. The monarch governs alongside the Parliament and Prime Minister.

Norway's constitution gives freedom of speech and is against hateful expressions. Forming a Norwegian government is not an easy thing to do. The government of Norway faces tough decisions including the size of welfare expenditure. The government is responsible to follow the Norwegian constitution and enforce the law.

Norway
the Kingdom of Norway
Norway
Area:

324 220 sq km
Norway has a very rugged coastline due to it's fjords and 70% of Norway is uninhabitable.

Norway's Political System
Selection Process of Government Representatives
What They Stand For
In Norway, the 3 main parties are in coalition with one another. Any Norwegian citizen is allowed to join and leave political parties under their constitution.

The main parties in the pro-democracy group are:
Labor Party
Socialist Left Party
Center Party

The largest Norwegian political party is the
Labor Party.
They had 30.8% of the votes in the 2013 Parliamentary election.

Labor Party
Conservative Party
Progress Party
Christian People's Party
Center Party
Socialist Left Party
The Party Red
Liberal Party
Political Parties
Interesting facts
Conclusion
Bibliography
Today: A Peaceful Country
Democracy Around the World Project
Social Studies 9 - Chapter 2

Population:

5, 063, 709

Official language:

Norweigan, Sami, Kven
(about 95% speak Norwegian as their first language)
Norwegian is the main official language of Norway but they have 2 other languages, 'Sami' and 'Kven', as their official languages as well.

Largest Religion
Christians:
91.08% of Norway's population is Christian and 85.80% of that is Protestant
Non-Religious:
6.10% of Norwegians do not have a religion.
History:
Norway, formally known as the Kingdom of Norway, is located in the Western part of the Scandinavian peninsula. It has a breathtaking fjord coastline, but 70% of it is uninhabitable because it is covered by mountains, glaciers, moors, and rivers. Norway's annual oil revenue amounts to around $40bn, more than half of of it's exports are from this general category. Surprisingly, handling the money and putting it into good use has been one of the country's most controversial political issues.
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BBC News. BBC, 24 Jan. 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.

"Norway —." Norway —. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.
The

Legislative Council
also known as, the
Storting
, has 169 members, who serve 4-year terms. The citizens of Norway gets to vote and decide which people get to serve on Norway's Legislative Council. Nineteen of the 169 seats are used to adjust so nationally underrepresented parties get these. Only parties with a minimum of 4 percent of the national vote may compete for these 19 seats.
The legal qualifications to become a candidate at legislative elections are: age, citizenship, and registration. A political party running for national elections must have the signatures of 5000 citizens who are eligible to vote, in order to run.


The Head of State is not elected, he or she inherits the position. The Prime Minister and council are selected my the Head of State, though the Parliament must approve of the Monarch's decision.


The Legislative Council is voted for by the people. Candidates who receive the most votes are in, candidates with the least votes are denied. There is a new election every four years.
Candidates of Government Representatives
The
Government
is Norway's
Executive Council
. It's composed of 20 ministers and is led by the Prime Minister. The Government is appointed by the King and there are 3 ways that the government can leave office. They can be put out of office in either a defeat in the election, parties leaving a governing coalition, and a vote of no confidence by parliament.
The Head of State is the hereditary monarch of Norway. This means that, like in medieval times, there is a royal family that rules year after year. However, the monarch does have responsibilities that he or she needs to fulfill. The monarch formally appoints a Prime Minister, approves certain legislation, and bestows honors. Although that may not sound like a lot, the Head of State is still a very important part of the government.

Since Norway is a constitutional monarchy, the King or Queen's official duties are kept separate from party politics. This means that the making and passing of legislation resides with an elected Parliament, not the Head of State.

The Monarch has power, but they must govern according to the rules. This means that the King or Queen can't do whatever they want, they must rule fairly and follow the rules set before them.
The Head of Government is appointed by the Monarch (the Head of Government is the Prime Minister). Like in Canada, the Prime Minister and Parliament make and pass legislation. The Parliament is elected by the citizens of Norway, but the Head of Government is specifically picked by the Head of State. The Monarch is more ceremonial, and is not involved in party politics. That leaves Parliament to control most of the laws and legislation.
Democracy
Democracy is “a form of government in which the power resides in the people and is exercised by them either directly or by means of elected representatives.”
Canada
's political system is
democratic
. It is a constitutional monarchy, with the King/Queen as head of state and the Prime Minister as head of government. Canada's Parliament is composed of the Governor General, the Senate, and the House of Commons. Each member of the House of Commons represents an "electoral district" (riding) and is elected by Canadian citizens.
Norway's
political system is
democratic.
It is a constitutional and hereditary monarchy, with a Parliament System. Norway has a head of state, which is the Head of State and he appoints the Head of Government which consists of a Prime Minister and at least 7 other members. There are 169 seats in the supreme legislation of Norway. Freedom of expression, media freedom, and the right to access government information are guaranteed under Norway's constitution.
The
Christian People's Party (KRF)
is a formally registered political party in Norway. The party officers professed their Christian faith to hold a position in the Christian People's Party.
Norway residents’ political choices are given freedom of speech by the
democratic
electoral system. Norwegian citizens are free to vote for who they want on the Legislature Council of their country.

Under Article 93 of the Constitution of Norway, Norwegians have rights such as:
Every human being has the right to life and no person may be sentenced to death.
No person may be subjected to torture or other inhuman or degrading treatment of punishment.
No person shall be held in slavery or forced labor.
The Constitution of Norway grants these rights:

Human Rights
: The authorities of the State shall respect and ensure human rights. (Articles 92-93)

Equality
: All people are under the law and no one may be convicted except according to law, or be punished except after a court judgement. Everyone has to be presumed innocent until proved guilty by law. In Norway, everyone has the right to form, join and leave associations, including trade unions and political parties (Articles 98-101)


The Constitution of Norway grants these rights:

FREEDOM
: The residents of Norway have freedom of expression. Every person has the right to an environment that is conductive to health and to a natural environment whose productivity and diversity are maintained. Norwegians have the right to education and everyone who resides legally in the realm may move freely within the borders of the realm and choose their place of residence there. (Articles 100, 106, 109, 112)
Prime Minister of Norway: Erna Solberg
In October 17, 2014, the King of Norway has appointed Mr Himanshu Gulati as state secretary to the Prime Minister. During this time, Mr. Fredrik Färber has been honorably discharged from the same office.
"To end poverty, we need peace" said Prime Minister Erna Solberg, "peace and stability is vital to achieve our goals to lift people out of poverty." This was said by the Prime Minister of Norway, at Columbia University to emphasize peace and stop poverty.
The citizens of Norway have a lot of freedom and guaranteed human rights. They are allowed by law to vote for their legislature on a national level.

Although voting for the Monarch is not an option, Norwegian citizens are content to be able to vote for their legislature.

The biggest problem that Norway has is to decide what to do with all of the riches gained through oil money to make sure they don't damage the economy in the long run.
"NSD." European Election Database (EED). N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2014.

"Norway's Political Institutions – An Overview." POPULAR SOCIAL SCIENCE. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2014.

"The Constitution - Complete Text." Stortinget. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2014.

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"http://www.visitnorway.com/ImageVaultFiles/id_12858/cf_1174/Geiranger-Norway-740.JPG

"http://blog.fjordnorway.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/trolltunga_968_ho.jpg

"http://adventure.nationalgeographic.com/2009/11/norway-615.jpg

"http://static.squarespace.com/static/51eed906e4b0953024980af9/539b7012e4b07ddf5d97253a/539b7018e4b0f03a0439d3f2/1402695705610/Travel-Norway-Architecture-17.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c3/Erna_Solberg_-_2013-08-10_at_13-01-26.jpg

http://www.regjeringen.no/imgpreviews/00/00/04/17/41735_img___1412734163.jpg

"A Budget to Promote an Efficient Use of Resources." - Regjeringen.no. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.

"Taler Og Artikler." - Regjeringen.no. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.

http://img2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20130305084640/boboiboy/images/6/60/Harald-v-king-of-norway.jpg

"New State Secretaries in Norway." - Regjeringen.no. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.

"Historical Change in Christian Democrats - The Nordic Page." The Nordic Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.

"To End Poverty We Need Peace." - Regjeringen.no. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
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