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Planets!

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by

Sue Lord

on 3 March 2014

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Transcript of Planets!

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Planets!
Uranus is the only planet lying on its side but it does have
27
moons orbiting it most of which are named after shake spears "
midsummer's night dream
"
Venus is the brightest planet in the solar system,and can even be seen in daylight if you know where to look!
Mercury
Mercury is the planet closest to the sun .But it is not very close as it is 36 million miles,or 58 million kilometers from the sun!
Earth
When the earth is viewed from outer space alot of the earths surfice can't be seen because of clouds and water vapour and it looks alot like a blue marble
➘➘Mars
How the planets got their names
Mercury:Mercury moves quite quickly, and in it Ancient Roman people saw the fast messenger 'Mercury'
Venus:Venus draws a five sided shape known as a pentagram in the sky also its very bright which makes people think of the goddess of love
Mars: Mars has a red soil on the planet, giving it its red colour and reminding people of blood and war
Jupiter:Jupiter is known to be huge and quite bright therefore being named after the king of the gods
Saturn:Saturn is far a way planet,and its rings make it seem cruel and mysterious
Uranus+Neptune:Uranus was named after the greek god of the hevens.Neptune was named after the roman god of sea
Earth: Earth,known as the blue planet because it is said to look like a blue marble from space, it is german/english for ground
Venus
Like the other planets Mercury does orbit the sun but its quite quick and only takes 88 days , unlike the earths orbit that takes 365 days. But Pluto's orbit takes 249 years!
The surface of mercury is dry and covered with craters, which means there is no chance of anything living there

Almost all the planets in our solar system are named after roman gods and their attendants.Venus is named after the roman god of love.
Because of the heat and atmosphere their could never be any life on Venus,only mountains and rocks.
Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system!Even hotter than Mercury the closest planet our sun.Venus can reach tempratures of up to 860 ℉ or 460℃.Compare this to quite a warm day in london when the tempruratures might be 80℉ or 26℃
The earth is the only planet to have life or to have 21% oxygen
The earth is the 3rd clostest planet to the sun but its still 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers away from the sun
As the earth orbits the sun it tilts very slightly and gives us seasons . When the earth has tilted so that the northern part of the world is tilted away from the sun, the northern hemisphere (meaning the top
half of the world has winter)
Like earth mars has seasons, they are much longer than earths because Mars is much further away to the sun.But don't get your swimming trunk out yet - the averge tempreture in Mars' summer is 23℉ also known as -5℃ ! Not exactly beach weather!!
Mars is 1 of the few planets smaller then earth,but just because it's small it dosen't mean it dosen't have a few land marks. OK it dosen't have any eifle tower but its still amazing!
Jupiter
Jupiter's diameter is 88,700 miles
or
142,750 kilometers
Jupiter is the first "gas giant" (Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus + Neptune)
Did you know Jupiter is made up of a mixture o
f
hydrogen,helium,methane + ammonia. The cloudy planet has bright belts on it which
c
hanges their shape
Saturn
Saturn is the 6th planet and many people say when it's looked at with a telescope its the most beautiful planet.
Saturn is surrounded by rings made out of dust rocks and ice. Three of these rings are visable from earth,don't try to look now though you can only see it with a
te
lescope

The centre of Uranus is made up of 2 frozen gases, called ammonia + methane which make it blue and green
Uranus is the smallest of the 4 gas giants "Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus +
Neptune

some of Uranus' moons
Uranus
Neptune
Neptune was first seen in 1846 (166 years ago) by the observatory in Berlin

BUT Neptune was actually DISCOVERED
a year earlier in 1845.
Neptune surface is a great ball of helium and hydrogen making it one of the 4 gas planets.
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