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Transcript of Aplastic Anemia
Mike came to the hospital for a check up. During the check up you notice a big bruise on Mike's back. He explained that he bruised his back snowboarding two months ago. He also stated that he gets dizzy very easy when standing. You suspect he has an underlying condition causing these symptoms, so you run a blood test to check the number of platelets, white blood cells, and red blood cells.
Aplastic Anemia is a condition that occurs when your body stops producing new blood cells. It causes weakness and fatigue
Aplastic anemia originates in the blood and mostly takes place in the bone marrow.
Symptoms of aplastic anemia includes fatigue, shortness of breath with exertion, rapid heart rate, pale skin, frequent or prolonged infections, easy bruising, prolonged bleeding from cuts, and dizziness.
Definition & Origin
by Hashim Ashimi
Case Study Questions
What disease does Mike have?
What should the test result show?
How does this disease effect the immune system?
Case Study Answers
1. Aplastic Anemia
2. A low amount of platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells.
3. Aplastic anemia weakens the immune system.
Aplastic anemia is rare, but certain risk factors include high-dose radiation or chemotherapy, toxic chemicals, other autoimmune disorders, or pregnancy.
Certain drugs including sargramostim (Leukine), filgrastim (Neupogen), and pegfilgrastim (Neulasta) may stimulate bone marrow to produce new blood cells. Antibiotics and antiviral drugs help too.
Ancillary treatments include blood transfusion and stem cell transplant.
Aplastic anemia is very rare and is only caused by damage to bone marrow and new production of blood is slowed or shut down.
If left untreated it can lead to rapid death. Bone marrow transplant is very successful in young people.