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Production film roles

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by

rosie needham

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of Production film roles

Who's Who?
Technical
Time is Money. Money is Time
Work Patterns
Administrative
Management
Producer
Creative
Production Job Roles
Shift Work
Fixed Term
An employee may be contracted for a fixed term. This means they are contracted for 1 year fixed term contract. This may mean more than one project during that year.

A fixed term is not determined by projects but by a length of time.
Freelance
Most people working within the film industry will work on this basis. Freelance workers are paid on a work done system as apposed to pay roll. A freelancer will be contracted for a period of time or for a project. They will be self employed.
Irregular Patterns
Within the film Industry lots of the shift work will be done at irregular times and unsociable hours. This could mean 14 hour days and working 7 days a week to complete the production by the due date. They may also mean working 11pm till 5am to shoot that late night scene.

Irregular patterns could also relate to freelancer whom our contacted for a period of 3 months and then be out of work until the next project.
Hourly Rates
An hourly rate, is easily measured, and simple multiply by a figure or hourly rate.
Piece of Work
Freelances may be contracted for a piece of work. As in an editor may be contracted to edit a short film.
Office Hours
Office hours are normally 9am -5pm with Europe and the US
Executive Producer are responsible for management accounting and with various legal issues such as copyrights or royalties. They also contribute to the film's budget however do not work on set.
Executive Producer
Associate producers are responsible for the administration and organisation involved in producing a television pro gramme. Their responsibilities includes assisting actors and the crew, dealing with travel and accommodation bookings and sorting out enquirers and other paperwork.
Associate/Assistant
Producer
Producers are responsible for a film project from beginning to end. They are involved in every stage overseeing each department in the project from start to finish, both in the studio and on location. Pay is between
£18,000 - £55,000
Freelance £350 per day
Pay
Tasks include; raising funding, researching and assessing ideas and finished scripts;
commissioning writers, liaising with financial backers
hiring key staff, and organising shooting schedules
Pay
J.J Abrams
Pay
representative if not the CEO, of a motion picture Production Company. Often oversees the financial, administrative, and creative aspects of production, though not technical aspects.
Usually acts as a representative of the Producer, and may share responsibilities.
The rate of pay is dependable on the movie budget or their responsibility. They may be paid one fix rate or a percentage of the budget / profit. They would be freelance and work hours will depend on their responsibility. They would begin Directors or Producers.
£20,000 - £60,000
Freelance £150 per day
Screenwriting is normally freelance . They write the narrative or story that the film while become the visual portrait of.
Screenwriter
Pay
They responsibility are normally fulfilled by the time of production, however for large films they may be payed as advisers .
The screenwriter may be paid
per draft or a daily rate. They would be either freelance and contracted to a production or series. They would work long office hours and over time. They would begin as a research or office runner.

A sound Designer compiles all sounds together from music scores to dialogue. They need to equalize so that all sound seem seamless
Sound Designer
Pay
Works in post production with editors and other music and sound teams
£18,000 - £50,000
The creative influence in a film's production. Works as the link between the productions technical and creative teams. Directors are responsible for creatively translating the film's written script into actual images and sounds on the screen


Director
Pay
Their responsibilities are selecting the right cast, crew and locations for the film. As well as manage the technical aspects of filming, including the camera, sound, lighting, design and special effects departments. work with editors , to create the finished product
£250 per day

Supervising Sound Editors’ role varies according to the budget and size of project of each film. They have a hands-on role often cutting dialogue, ADR, Foleys and special effects; on big budget films, they usually start work before shooting begins and appoint specialist Sound Editors to supervise separate teams for each area of work.
Supervising Sound
Editor
Pay
The responsible for the sound budget, organising the work flow according to the Delivery Schedule and making plans for any special circumstances or requirements.
£22,000 - £100,000
Production designers are responsible for the visual concept of a film. they design style for sets, locations, graphics, props, lighting, camera angles and costumes, while working closely with the director and producer.


Production Designer
Pay
The production designer may read scripts to identify factors indicating a particular visual style, and meeting the producer and director to discuss concepts and production requirements, and researching art history and background.

£18,000 - £50,000 +

Editors work closely with the director during unsociable hours and under pressure. The editors begin there work before filming to help understand what the director is looking for.
Editor
Pay
Editor and the Director work closely together, refining the assembly edit into the Director's Cut, which must be then approved by the Producers,
£20,000 - £100,000 +

They realise the desired look using lighting, framing, camera movement, etc. They will collaborate closely with the camera crew, as well as the Production Designer, Costume Designer, and the Hair and Make Up Department.
Director of Photography
Pay
Responsible for the cinematic look of the film, will create shoots needed by director.
£22,000 - £150,000 +
£250 per day
M. Night Shyamalan
Steven Spielberg
A camera operator’s job is to operate the camera and take instructions from the director of photography or the director. The camera operator must also understand lighting as that is so important to camera work.’
Camera Operator
Pay
The camera operator will need to reconstruct his subject and lease with lighting and costume as well as heads of photography.
£18,000 - £40,000
The Grip ensures that all positioning or movement of cameras is achievable. Grips are usually responsible for pushing the Dolly and the camera having a smooth movement. This is stop any distraction from the onscreen action.
Grip
Pay
Grips work with specialist companies to devise tailor–made pieces of equipment to facilitate difficult camera manoeuvrings which are sometimes performed on location in extreme terrain and/or severe weather
£18,000 - £35,000

Fabricates and assembles props, miniatures, and sets for motion pictures and theatrical productions from a variety of materials, using hand tools and woodworking and metalworking machines and equipment
Prop Maker
Pay
Analyzes sketches, blueprints, and verbal instructions to determine type props and other materials needed and equipment required.

£18,000 - £50,000 +
They are nvolved with rigging stage and location sets and controlling artificial, electric lights for art and entertainment venues (theater or live music venues) or in video, television, or film production.
Lighting Technician
Pay
Most lighting technician work as riggers and install portable, temporary, electrical based modular, distribution units and portable cables
£19,000 - £55,000
They are assistants to their department heads, the gaffer and the key grip, respectively
Best Boy
Pay
They need to help an may be asked to do other tasks like a runner.
£18,000 - £25,000
Gaffers liaise closely with relevant Heads of Department, discussing all lighting aspects of the production, including crewing and equipment requirements, shooting dates and durations, etc.
Gaffer
Pay
Gaffers focus each rig according to the relevant Lighting plan, sometimes using specialised computer equipment and software. During rehearsals, Gaffers brief other members of the lighting team about any special requirements during the shoot.
£19,000 - £40000
Boom Operators assist the Production Sound Mixer and operate the boom microphone, which is either hand-held on a long arm or dolly mounted (on a moving platform).

Boom Operator
Pay
Boom Operators are also responsible for all the sound equipment, ensuring that it is in good working order, and carrying out minor repairs where necessary.
£18,000 - £35,000
The music mixer contributes significantly to the overall atmosphere and mood of films by helping to create truly memorable soundtracks. They also help to pick sounds and meet with composers.
Music Mixer
Pay
They lift film soundtracks or sourced music, and helps the Editor to achieve the right pace and emotional tempo.
£18,000 - £45,000
The day is divided into "shifts", set periods of time during which different groups of workers take up their posts. The term "shift work" includes both long-term night shifts short shifts.
The advantages of shift work are that a project may be worked on a 24hr basis.
The location manager is a member of the film crew responsible for the finding and securing locations to be used, obtaining all needed fire, police and other governmental permits
Location Manager
Pay
They are also the face of the production to the community and responsible for addressing the issues that may arise due to the production's impact on the community.

£18,000 - £50,000 +
Production Accountants are responsible for calculating finances, costing productions, liaising with financiers, and controlling the cash flow to ensure that payments are made on time, and in accordance with agreements and approved budgets.
Production Accountant
Pay
They evaluate and approve all purchase requisitions and organise VAT and PAYE registration

£25,000 - £55,000
Typically, a Line Producer manages the budget of a motion picture. Alternatively, or in addition, they may manage the day to day physical aspects of the film production, serving a role similar to the unit production manager.
Line Producer
Pay
Line Producers usually do not act as part of the creative team for a picture. Because Line Producers work on location, they don't work on more than one film at a time (unlike other producer roles)

£35,000 - £75,000 +
Their duties include the administrative aspects of the art department.
Art Director
Pay
They are responsible for assigning tasks to personnel such as the Art Department Coordinator, and the Leadman, keeping track of the art department budget and scheduling (i.e. Prep/Wrap Schedule) as well as overall quality control.

£22,000 - £55,000 +
Work Patterns
Producer would be freelance but contracted to a product and work unsocial hours. (mirroring the production work hours) They would
be as a runner and then assistants.

Associate/Assistant Producer would be freelance but contracted to a product and work unsocial hours. (mirroring the production work hours) They would
be as a runner and then assistants.

Work Patterns
Director would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runner and then assistants.

They would be either freelance or a permanent member staff to a production design company. They would work long unsocial hours until the product was finished, They would begin as a designer runner, orassistant.

Work Patterns
DoP would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runner and then assistants.

Editor would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some editors are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as an assistants; uploading footage.

Sound Editor would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some editors are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as an assistants; uploading footage.

Sound design would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some editors are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as an assistants; uploading footage.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants;.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants;.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants;.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants;.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work long office hours.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work long unsocial hours.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours.. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants;.

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours. some are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours)

They would be freelance but contracted to a production and work unsocial hours, some are permanent members of staff to a production company. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants.

They would be contracted to a production and company. The would have a degree in accountant.
They would be freelance or contracted to a production company and work unsocial hours. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants.

They would be freelance or contracted to a production company and work unsocial hours. (mirroring the production work hours) They would be as a runners than assistants.
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