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Past Perfect Tense BSA-M7 TTH,7:40-9:10

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John Glenn Lambayon

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Transcript of Past Perfect Tense BSA-M7 TTH,7:40-9:10

Past Perfect Tense
PaPT Usage:
Completed Action Before Something in the Past

Duration Before Something in the Past

To explain or give a reason for something in the past.

As part of the third conditional


That wraps up our
discussion
for
today
...
Hope that you
learned
"
something
"...
Go forth, and
spread the word
of
english

Definition
according to Encarta
verb tense with "had": a verb tense formed with "had" that expresses an action completed at a more distant time in the past, that is, a time previous to the past time specified or implied elsewhere in the passage.


according to Wikipedia:
Pluperfect
The pluperfect is a type of verb form, traditionally treated as one of the tenses of certain languages, used in referring to something that occurred earlier than the time being considered, when the time being considered is already in the past.

According to *yours truly*
it is simply:
Had + (the) Past Perfect of the Verb

It expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.
How to Use Past Perfect Tense (PaPT)
Completed Action Before
Something in the Past

The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

I had already fallen asleep before ten o'clock.

They had established their business before 2002.

We had married before 1995.

Take this as an example...
I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.

She only understood the movie because she had read the book.

A: Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006?
B: Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before.

As well as these...
Duration Before Something in the Past (Non-Continuous Verbs)


With Non-Continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.

But What are non-continuous and mixed verbs?
These are verbs that are usually the things you cannot see somebody doing. These verbs are rarely used in continuous tenses. They include:

Abstract Verbs
to be, to want, to cost, to seem, to need, to care, to contain, to owe, to exist...
Possession Verbs
to possess, to own, to belong...
Emotion Verbs
to like, to love, to hate, to dislike, to fear, to envy, to mind...
Non-Continuous Verbs
Mixed Verbs
These verbs have more than one meaning. In a way, each meaning is a unique verb. Some meanings behave like "Non-Continuous Verbs," while other meanings behave like "Normal Verbs.”

Mixed Verbs
to appear, to feel, to have, to hear, to look, to see, to weigh...

Duration Before Something in the Past
Example:

I had dreamt about going to New York before I went overseas.

By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years.

They felt bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than forty years.

Unlike with the Present Perfect, it is possible to use specific time words or phrases with the Past Perfect. Although this is possible, it is usually not necessary.

IMPORTANT: Specific Times with the Past Perfect
Take this as an example
She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

MOREOVER
If the Past Perfect action did occur at a specific time, the Simple Past can be used instead of the Past Perfect when "before" or "after" is used in the sentence. The words "before" and "after" actually tell you what happens first, so the Past Perfect is optional.

For Example...
Instead of this...
She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

You can use this...
She visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

HOWEVER
If the Past Perfect is not referring to an action at a specific time, Past Perfect is not optional.

Just Like this...
She never saw a bear before she moved to Alaska.
(NOT CORRECT)

She had never seen a bear before she moved to Alaska.
(CORRECT)

To explain or give a reason for something in the past.

I'd eaten dinner so I wasn't hungry.

It had snowed in the night, so the bus didn't arrive.

As part of a third conditional

If I had known you were ill, I would have visited you.

Some Common Verbs and their Past Participles

Constructing interrogative sentences with past perfect tense:

Had you spoken to him before he went to Japan?


had + past participle of the verb
had + not + past participle of the verb

Past Perfect Forms

T
h
a
n
k

Yo
u
For Listening
And as always
If ever you did...
*ciao*
*nothing to do here*
*flies away*
Full transcript