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Reproductive Systems

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Carly O'Reilly

on 2 October 2017

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Transcript of Reproductive Systems

Reproductive Systems
Male Reproductive System
The largest cell in the human body is the ovum (female egg). The ovum is 1/175 inches in diameter. About 175,000 sperm cells weigh as much as a single ovum. It would take 500 sperm lined up head to tail to equal an inch.
Fun Fact
Male Reproductive Problems
Jock Itch
Testicular Cancer
Testicular Torsion
Prostate Enlargement
Female Reproductive Problems
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Cervical, Uterine, Ovarian Cancer
Fun Fact
A girl is born with 400,000 immature ova in her ovaries. In most women, only about 400 of these ova will actually mature over a lifetime. Each ovum matures within a folicle, or sac made of cells, which bursts open when the ovum is ready for release. It is about the size of a pea at this time.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Myths About STD's/STI's
* Only "trashy" people get STDs.

* If your partner has an STD, you'll see it.

* You can avoid STDs by having oral or anal sex.

* Once you've had an STD, there's no chance of getting it again.

* If you get checked and you're STD free, your partner doesn't need to get checked as well.
How are STD's Spread?
* Sexual activity at a young age. The younger a person starts having sex, the greater his or her chances of becoming infected with an STD.

* Lots of sex partners. People who have sexual contact — not just intercourse, but any form of intimate activity — with many different partners are more at risk than those who stay with the same partner.

*Unprotected sex. Latex condoms are the only form of birth control that reduce your risk of getting an STD, and must be used every time. Spermicides, diaphragms, and other birth control methods may help prevent pregnancy, but they don't protect a person against STDs.
Types of STI's
Contraceptives/ Birth Control Methods
The most effective way to prevent pregnancy and STD's is abstinence. Couples who do decide to have sex can choose from many effective birth control methods.
Fun Fact
Prenatal Care
See a doctor as soon as possible after you find out you're pregnant to begin getting prenatal care (prenatal care is medical care during pregnancy). The sooner you start to get medical care, the better the chances that you and your baby will be healthy.

If you can't afford to go to a doctor or clinic for prenatal care, social service organizations can help you. Ask a trusted adult, like a parent or school counselor, to help you find low-cost or free care in your community.

During your first visit, the doctor will ask you lots of questions, including the date of your last period. This helps the doctor work out how long you have been pregnant and your due date.

A baby's due date is only an estimate. In fact, women don't usually deliver exactly on their due dates. Most babies are born between 38 and 42 weeks after the first day of a woman's last period, or 36 to 40 weeks after conception (when the sperm fertilizes the egg).

Pregnancy Discomforts
•nausea and vomiting (especially early in the pregnancy)
•leg swelling
•varicose veins in the legs and the area around the vaginal opening
•heartburn and constipation
•sleep loss

Complications of Pregnancy and Birth
Look Who's Talking Now Intro Scene
Teen Pregnancy
Many young women want to have children someday. But they want to have children when they are ready and are able to be the best parents they can be. Being a parent and raising a baby is a huge commitment, emotionally and financially. Figuring out who you are and what you want to do with your life is tough enough. Having a baby can majorly complicate things; like finishing school, saving up money, relationships, and more. Yet, millions of young people face unplanned pregnancies every year. In fact, half of all pregnancies in the U.S. are unplanned.
• Parenthood is the leading reason why teen girls drop out of school; after all, it’s really difficult to juggle homework and a baby. Less than half of teen mothers ever graduate from high school and fewer than 2% earn a college degree by age 30.

• Children of teen mothers do worse in school than those born to older parents—they are 50% more likely to repeat a grade, are less likely to complete high school than the children of older mothers, and have lower performance on standardized tests.

• About one-fourth of teen moms have a second child within 24 months of the first birth—which can further delay their ability to finish school or keep a job.

When you are a teen mom – school comes second.
• You may think having a baby will make your relationship even stronger, but the fact is 8 out of 10 fathers don’t marry the mother of their child. It’s also true that these absent fathers pay less than $800 annually for child support, often because they are poor themselves and can’t afford legitimate support payments.

A baby won’t make him stay.
• More than half of all mothers on welfare had their first child as a teenager. In fact, two-thirds of families begun by a young, unmarried mother are poor.

• Children who live apart from their fathers are 5 times more likely to be poor than children with both parents at home.

• The daughters of young teen mothers are 3 times more likely to become teen mothers themselves.

• The sons of teen mothers are twice as likely to end up in prison.

It’s hardest on the kids.
Birth Control
Full transcript