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Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology
Transcript of Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology
& Physiology Characteristics of Life Responsiveness Growth Movement Metabolism Reproduction study of structure study of physical relationships between body parts Gross Anatomy = naked eye;macroscopic Surface Anatomy =
superficial markings Regional or
all superficial and
internal features of a
specific part of the
body Systemic Anatomy=
Anatomy of individual body systems Microscopic Anatomy=
Study of structures that cannot be seen with the unaided eye Comparative Anatomy=Comparative study – compares anatomy of one type of organism to another type Developmental Anatomy=Study of body features from fertilization to maturity Pathological Anatomy=Study of the effect of disease on the body How organisms perform
vital functions Microscopic includes:
cytology = cells
histology = tissues
embryology = embryonic structures Cell physiology=
Study of the functions of human cells
Study of functions of specific organs
Study of functions of body system
Study of effects of diseases on organs or organ function Pathology=
Study of disease – effects of disease on the human body Immunology=
Study of immune response and disorders of the body’s defense mechanism Hematology=
Study of blood and its disorders Endocrinology=
Study of the endocrine system – hormones and their roles Genetics=
Study of mental processes and behavior Levels of Complexity Integumentary Skeletal Muscular Nervous Endocrine Urinary Reproductive Lymphatic Cardiovascular Respiratory Digestive Figure 1-5 Homeostatic Regulation Homeostasis The Language of Anatomy Anatomical Position Posterior Anterior Lateral Radiological Techniques x-rays detection of pathology of the skeletal system as well as for detecting some disease processes in soft tissue CT scan MRI Ultrasound utilizes computer-processed X-rays to produce tomographic images or 'slices' of specific areas of the body used in radiology to visualize internal structures of the body in detail sonography