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Transcript of CHINA
Shang Dynasties (1600 B.C.- 1300 B.C.)
Zhou Dynasty (1046 B.C.- 256 B.C.)
Spring & Autumn Period (1046 B.C.- 256 B.C.)
Qin Dynasty(221 B.C-207B.C)
Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220)
Three Kingdoms Period (220 A.D-280A.D)
Jin Dynasty (265 A.D-420A.D)
Northern Southern Dynasty (420 A.D-589A.D)
Sui Dynasties (581A.D—618A.D)
Tang Dynasties (618A.D—907A.D)
Five Dynasties and Ten States (907A.D—960A.D)
Song Dynasties(960A.D—1279A.D) Demographics -Population: 1,336,718,015 people
-China’s population alone is 20% of the world's population TRANSPORTATION Modern History Of China -China all in all is dominated by Chinese
-Chinese has 7 main dialects: Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Wu, Min, Xiang, Gan -Majority language spoken in China is Mandarin and Cantonese (no such thing as the language "Chinese")
-Mandarin is also broken into little village languages
-in China, the Han Nationality makes up 92% of the population
-China is composed of 56 minority ethnic groups such as:
*AND MANY MORE The First Opium War was fought between the British East India Company and the Qing Dynasty of China .The wars are often cited as the end of China's isolation and the beginning of modern Chinese history. Ethnic Makeup Natural Resources Chinese Nationalists Jin Dynasties(1115A.D—1234A.D)
Ming Dynasty (1368A.D-1644A.D)
Qing Dynasty (1616-1911) The Party was founded on August 25th 1912 by Sun Yat-sen. After his death, the party was dominated from 1927 to 1975 by Chiang Kai-shek.
Though the party lost the civil war with the Communist Party. It still remains power in Taiwan. 18 EARLY FEUDAL ERA DYNASTIES Land Language: Chinese Words Chinese Communists Tone 1: High and level
Tone 2: Starts medium in tone, then rises to the top
Tone 3: Starts low, dips to the bottom, then rises toward the top
Tone 4: Starts at the top, then falls sharp and strong to the bottom dā dá dǎ dà Language: Gestures Rude Gestures Polite Gestures Languages: Gestures -Winking and whistling are considered rude
-Pointing and raised pinky means you are nothing, poor quality or not very good at something
-The "nose stealing" gesture is an obscene gesture in some parts of China -Thumbs up sign and tugging on the earlobe are signs of excellence
-Most polite way to attract someone's attention is to make eye contact and bow slightly
-In southern China, people say thank you by tapping two fingers on the table Miscellaneous Gestures -To get someone to “come here” place your palm down and move your fingers towards you (used with children, taxi drivers, and waiters. considered disrespectful when doing that to to elders) Style of Dress Ethnic Makeup Nǐ hǎo Hello/Hi Language: Chinese Words Zàijiàn Goodbye Zǎo ān Good morning Wǎn'ān Good night Wǒ ài nǐ I love you Wǒ èle I’m hungry Four Great Inventions The Communist Party of China was initially founded by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao in Shanghai in 1921.
Mao Ze Dong took control of the party after the long march.
The communists party finally won the civil war. Anti-Japanese War July 7, 1937 (Began)
Japanese troops provocatively destroyed a section of railway in north Shenyang and attacked the Chinese garrison at Beidaying, Shenyang, on the same night, this led to the "September 18th incident." September 9,1945 (Ended)
Representing Japan, Yasuji Okamura signed the instrument of surrender to China in Nanjing. National Day Policy of Reform and
Opening-Up (1979-Now) Politics Mineral Water Energy Forest Natural Hazards Earthquakes Typhoons Floods Gift Giving Food baskets Scissors Clocks Flowers Punctuality - Either arrive on time or early - Seen as a virtue Scheduling - Appointments should be make one or
two months in advance - If there is no contact with the company
an intermediary should be used to set an appointment I saw it Food Compass Gunpowder Papermaking Printing (movable type) - The guest of honour sits on the right or left of
the host - Toasts are made before and during a meal - Formal meals include a large variety of dishes - The host always pays, however, guests should always offer to pay Languages: Gestures High Power Distance - China's rating is 80 - Unequal distribution of power - Acknowledging a leader's power - Society is forced by formal authority Collectivism - China has a low score of 20 for
Individualism - Act in the interest of groups and believe
in collective accomplishments Masculinity - Values traditional male and female roles - Rating of 66 - Success oriented and driven Low Uncertainty Avoidance - Low rating of 30 - Laws and rules are flexible and are changed based on the situation Long Term Orientation - Scored a high score of 118 - Values long-standing traditions - Thrifty and sparing with resources - Investments tend to be long term (Real Estate) Thank you for listening! People’s Congress System Religions in China Chinese Religions The Chinese religions are family-oriented "Chinese religion" is a term describing the complex interaction of different religious and philosophical traditions that have been influential in China Four main traditions: Chinese folk religion, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism Buddhism -Developed into three sections, namely the Han, Tibetan and Southern Buddhism. -Influences : literature, art and ideology. -Promotes the countries’ intercultural communications with foreign countries. -Buddhism (called 佛教, Fojiao) was introduced from India during the Han Dynasty (1st century) Confucianism -Confucius (Kong Zi) lived from 551 to 479 BC in the state of Lu (in modem Shandong province). -Confucius came from a family of officials -Advocated strict conformity - The Confucian approach to government and society retains a powerful hold on many people. Taoism -The origins of Taoism are obscure( rival to
Confucianism.) -The Taoist spoke of the virtue of Wu Wei (non-action), going with the flow of things. -The teaching of early Taoism are ascribed to Lao Zi(fifth century BC) Christianity -Christian missionaries arrived overland from Persia in the seventh century -Christianity in China comprises Protestants , Catholics , and a small number of Orthodox Christians -The Liberation of 1949, while producing an enormous crisis in the church, also provoked a rethink which led, in the 1970s and 1980s, to a quite unexpected resurgence of Christianity - Around 10 million Christians in China now -Free of foreign control and is increasingly accepted as a Chinese religion Chinese Negotiation Style Four cultural threads underpin the Chinese negotiating style Agrarianism-Emphasizes cooperation,harmony,and obedience to familial hierchy. Chinese traditionally revere the “root”(agriculture)and slight the “branch”(commerce). Morality-More concerned with the means than the ends,with the process more than the goal. A pictographic language-Chinese thinking tends towards holistic processing of information and emphasizes the big picture over details. Wariness of foreigners-Millennia of external and internal strife have yielded a mistrust of strangers and cynicism about rules. Chinese negotiators are more concerned with the means than the end, with the process more than the goal. -Fostering correct behaviour, within the context of the family, would produce an ordered society. -Concern :The restoration of the Way (Dao) of the ancient sages. -Balanced relationship between human beings and nature Eight Important Elements of the -Personal Connections -The Intermediary -Social Status -Interpersonal Harmony -Holistic Thinking -Thrift -Social Capital -Endurance Oct.1, 1949 Chinese Negotiation Style Control Over Media