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Social Network Analysis for the analysis of learning and int

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maarten de laat

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of Social Network Analysis for the analysis of learning and int

Overview
Social Network Analysis for the Analysis of Learning and Interaction
A network approach to understanding learning and interaction
Actors + Relations = Networks
Social Network Analysis
Social Learning
Social Network Analysis for the Analysis of Learning and Interaction
Social Learning
Relational approach to learning
What makes a learning tie?

Social Network Analysis
Maarten de Laat
Welten Institute, Open University of the Netherlands
maarten.delaat@ou.nl

Network approach to understanding learning
- Social Learning & Learning Ties

Social Network Analysis
- Background and Metrics
- SNA Tools

Further reading
- Research Articles on SNA and learning

New Metaphors for Learning

knowledge acquisition and transfer

social participation and co-creation
group work
team work
community of practice
community of learners
CSCL
Networked learning
networks of practice
team learning
Networked Learning
:
involves the use of information and communication technology as well as social relationships to promote connections between one learner and other learners, between learners and tutors; between a learning community and its learning resources.
Learning as a
relation
that connects people:
- A student learns from a teacher
- Students learn together from a teacher
- Novices learn from each other


Learning as the
outcome
of relations
- A group acquires competence in technology use
- A community holds a knowledge of its history, and information resources for dealing with new situations
Who learns from whom?
What do they learn from each other?
What kind of interaction happen between learners?
Which direction do resources flow?
How frequently do interactions happen?

Actors
– people, organizations,
references



Relations
– the interaction that
connects actors
Networks – configurations
of actors and relations
A learning network
Social Network Analysis
Common used metrics
Social Network Analysis
Social Network Analysis
A learning network
Social Network Analysis
A learning network
Social Network Analysis
actor
actor
tie
Social Network Analysis
Social Network Analysis
Social Network Analysis
Social Network Analysis
Network
Community
Actor
Network
Community
Actor
community
cliques


Actor
Indegree
Outdegree
Social Network Analysis
A learning network


Actor
Betweennes
http://www.open.ou.nl/rslmlt/
press play
co-operative learning
collaborative learning
knowledge building
communities
community of inquiry
open practices
Common used metrics
Social Network Analysis
Network

Tools for collecting and visualizing relational data
Social Network Analysis
Common used metrics
Social Network Analysis
Actor

Common used metrics
Social Network Analysis
Community

Common used metrics
Social Network Analysis
Network

Density = sum of actual ties / all ties
centralization
Common used SNA metrics
Social Network Analysis
Actor
cliques / subgroups
Degree
actor
tie
A learning network
How can SNA help to make sense of this 'spaghetti'?
Density
Indegree + Outdegree
A
A Indegree of 1
A Outdegree of 3
Degree =
SNAPP
Social Networks Adapting Pedagogical Practices
Network Awareness Tool (NAT)
Whole networks
Ego-networks
Some Further reading
A
B
C
D
case-by-case matrix
visual representation
http://www.snappvis.org/
Network Awareness Tool
http://look.ou.nl/nib/
login with gast01/gast01
Tools for advanced SNA research
http://faculty.ucr.edu/~hanneman/nettext/index.html
Manual:
Hanneman, Robert A. and Mark Riddle
UCINET
Borgatti, S.P., Everett, M.G. and Freeman, L.C. 2002. Ucinet for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis. Harvard, MA: Analytic Technologies.
https://sites.google.com/site/ucinetsoftware/home
SNAPP & NAT

SNA research
Bakharia, A. & Dawson, S. (2011). SNAPP: A Bird’s-Eye View of Temporal Participant Interaction. Learning Analytics and Knowledge 2011, Banff, Canada
De Laat, M., & Schreurs, B. (2013). Visualizing Informal Professional Development Networks Building a Case for Learning Analytics in the Workplace. American Behavioral Scientist, 57(10), 1421-1438.
De Laat, M., Lally, V., Lipponen, L., & Simons, R. J. (2007). Investigating patterns of interaction in networked learning and computer-supported collaborative learning: A role for Social Network Analysis. International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 2(1), 87-103.
Student learning
Professional development
Rienties, B., & Kinchin, I. (2014). Understanding (in) formal learning in an academic development programme: A social network perspective. Teaching and Teacher Education, 39, 123-135.
Enriquez, J. G. (2010). Fluid centrality: a social network analysis of social–technical relations in computer-mediated communication. International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 33(1), 55-67.
Moolenaar, N. M., Sleegers, P. J., & Daly, A. J. (2012). Teaming up: Linking collaboration networks, collective efficacy, and student achievement. Teaching and Teacher Education, 28(2), 251-262.
- Networked Learning Conference & Hot Seats
http://www.open.ou.nl/rslmlt/HICSS_CFP_SocialMedia&Learning.htm

- Social Media & Learning @ HICSS
Call for Papers (submit in June)
http://www.networkedlearningconference.org.uk/
Škerlavaj, M., Dimovski, V., Mrvar, A., & Pahor, M. (2010). Intra-organizational learning networks within knowledge-intensive learning environments. Interactive learning environments, 18(1), 39-63.
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