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Transcript of Margaret Thatcher
The so-called Iron Lady died in 2013 at age 87 after suffering a stroke.
"Very few leaders can change not only the political landscape of the country but the world. Margaret was one of those leaders. Its global impact was huge, "said Tony Blair (Former Labour prime minister) said in a statement.
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Margaret Hilda Thatcher
- The Iron Lady -
- was born as Margaret Hilda Roberts in Lincolnshire, on 13 October 1925.
- spent her childhood in Grantham, where her father owned two grocery shops.
- lived in a close community with strong traditions of self-help, charitable work, and personal truthfulness
-Roberts (maiden name) attended the Huntingtower Road Primary School and won a scholarship to the Female School of Grantham and Kesteven.
-studied chemistry at Somerville school, Oxford in 1943
-graduated four years later with a second class honors degree in Bachelor of Science
-became president of the Conservative Association at Oxford University in 1946.
-After her marriage with businessman Denis Thatcher in 1951 she studied law (and work after graduation as a tax lawyer).
“In politics, If you want anything said, ask a man. If you want anything done, ask a woman.”
― Margaret Thatcher
After leaving the post of prime minister:
-be named Baroness
-Thatcher wrote two books about her experience of the world and a pioneer in the world of political leader
1959 elected as a candidate of the "Conservative Party" for the constituency of Finchley, North London, in the "House of Commons"
1970 became Secretary of State for Education and Science of Edward Heath
1975 had became the leader of the Conservative Party
1979 became the first female prime minister in British history.
1983 & 1987 was reelected Prime Minister twice
1990 had resigned from the post of Prime Minister
In her 11-year tenure she fought inflation, reduced the influence of the unions through privatization of many state-owned enterprises (for example, British Petroleum, the British airline to drinking) and improved the economy market.
-Helping end the Cold War
1982 The Falklands War
-Argentine want to occupy the islands
-became a war and Thacher foughts back (she won)
1984 one-year miner strike
Thatcher won because: the unions had no money
their children were excluded from free education
most of the miners had large debts
Margaret Thatcher's policies as prime minister changed many aspects of British life, and were collectively called Thatcherism.
-represents a belief in free markets and a small state.
-she advocated monetarism, controlling the money supply with high interest rates, to tame inflation without resorting to union-negotiated pay policies.
-introduced privatisation of state-owned industries
-sale to tenants of council housing
-also associated with the Iron Lady's own personal style,
Thanks for Listening
"The greatest British leader"
"The real thing about Margaret Thatcher is that she didn't just lead our country, she saved our country."
"The Iron Lady"
"I found her to be confrontational, dogmatic, abrasive; she attacked people in her own country and didn't listen to people in her own party," recalled Caspar Joseph, 51, a history teacher in Manchester. "She was destructive, nihilistic.
"Everyone wants to be immortal. Few are. Mrs Thatcher is," said Maurice Saatchi, the ad man behind some of her most potent election campaigns. "She developed all the winning arguments of our time: free markets, low tax, a small state, independence, individuality, self-determination. The result was a revolution in economic policy and three election victories in a row."
"Margaret Hilda Thatcher is gone but the damage caused by her fatally flawed politics sadly lingers on," the National Union of Mineworkers, which Thatcher virtually destroyed during a failed year-long strike, said on its website. "Good Riddance."