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Susan Castle

on 10 July 2010

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Transcript of Motivation

Motivation Don't wait until everything is just right. It will never be perfect. There will always be challenges, obstacles and less than perfect conditions. So what. Get started now. With each step you take, you will grow stronger and stronger, more and more skilled, more and more self-confident and more and more successful.
~ Mark Victor Hansen "Motivation is the process whereby goal directed activity is instigated and sustained." (Schunk, Pintrich & Meece, 2008, P. 4) Theories of motivation Behaviourist theory "Most motivation reasearchers find purely behaviorist approaches to the study of learning and motivation unsatisfactory..." (N.E. Perry et al., 2006, p. 239) In spite of this, teachers still commonly use reward in the classroom. Research shows rewards sparingly used can increase intristic motivation. Cognitive and social theory "Children are seen as naturally motivated to learn when their experience is inconsisted with their current understanding." (Greeno, Collins & Resnick, 1996, p. 25) The view that people want to make
sense of their experiences is the main
focus of this theory. sociocultural theory Sociocultural view of motivation focus on participation in a learning community. (Hickey & Zuiker. 2005) This theory suggests that the learning environment can provide a motivational scaffold that results in learners taking part in activities that they would not normally do on their own. humanistic theory According to this view, understanding individuals' motivation requires and understanding of their behaviours, thoughts and feelings. (Schunk and Zimmerman, 2006). lollies stickers
free play
computer time
motivated learners not motivational
in motivation theory, a need is an internalforce or a drive to attain or to avoid a certain state or object. (schunk et at., 2008) maslow's heirarchy of needs Abraham Maslow (1968, 1970, 1987) is viewed as the father of the humanistic movement in psychology, developed a hierachy reflecting the needs of the "whole person". Maslow described two groups of human needs. Deficiency Needs - needs that motivate people to meet them if unfulfilled.
These include survival, safety, belonging and self-esteem. Growth Needs - the need to reach our full potential and to be the best we can be. the need for self determination Self determination is the need to act on and control ones environment. (R Ryan Deci, 2000) The self determination theory believes that having choices and making decissions are intrinsically motivating. It assumes people have three intristic needs. These needs are: competence - To be able to function effectively in your environment Autonomy - you independence and ability to alter your environment when necessary relatedness - your feeling of being connected to others in your environment and of
feeling worthy of love and respect. need to preserve self worth Self- worth (or self-esteem) is an emotional reaction to or an evaluation of ones self.
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