Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Actor-Network Theory & Viki

an analytical framework for researching people, texts & technologies
by

Neil Ballantyne

on 27 July 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Actor-Network Theory & Viki

Actor-Network Theory
people, texts & technologies
We need to find, assess and connect the most vulnerable children to services earlier and better
Actor-network notes
TEXTS
White paper
Code of conduct
Protocols
TECHNOLOGIES
Phone line
Risk predictor tool
Assessment tools
Information system
PEOPLE
Families
Children
Social workers
Community-based agencies
The nature of networks
Network closeness is not about proximity
Things 'might have been different'
follow the actors
anthropological
agnostic
controversies and black boxes
Heterogeneous networks
What is ANT?
Vulnerable Children
My research
interests
Theorists, key ideas, & assumptions
Technological
Determinism
Bruno Latour
Director of MediaLab
Sciences Po
John Law
Professor of Sociology
The Open University
Michel Callon
Professor of Sociology
Mines Paris Tech
Some key ideas in ANT
Heterogeneous networks
Enrolment
Inscription - viewpoint
Negotiation & translation
Black-boxing
Social
Determinism
ANT says a curse on both your houses
Actor-networks are heterogeneous.
sociotechnical networks, composed of
chains of associations between humans
and non-humans.

H-NH-NH-H-H-NH-H-NH
Technology is
society made
durable.
What appears to be social
is partly technical.
What we usually call technical
is partly social.
They are not to be confused with technical networks or social networks. They are Networks of associations between humans and non-humans:
technologies
texts
built environment
symbol systems
'facts' and theories
other species
muskets, missionaries & microbes
Notes on method
Agnosticism
Empirical case study
Ethnomethodology
Define the actors
Follow the actors
Observe
Interview
Describe
- actor associations
- order and resistance
- texts and discourses
Explicate
If the description doesn't
explain, it's incomplete.
Human
services
Teaching &
Learning
Technology
Translation &
the Treaty
Technologies
& texts (religious)
Of men and muskets
Actor-Networks in history
The Case of the Hotel Room Key
Please remember to
leave your key at
reception whenever
you leave the
hotel.
Please remember to
leave your key at
reception whenever
you leave the
hotel.
Please remember to
leave your key at
reception whenever
you leave the
hotel.
"He (Hongi Hika) signalled his intentions of making war on his guests and other tribes by naming each musket after past defeats of Ngapuhi...each designated musket was intended to avenge those past defeats" (Walker, 2004, p 82)
TRANSLATIONS
Children = vulnerable children
Professional assessment = accurate risk prediction
Privacy = safe information sharing
"This means that for the first time resources can be aimed at children at greater risk, in many cases before they are abused or neglected."
The four moments of translation
Blackboxing
When a machine runs efficiently,
when a matter of fact is settled,
one need focus only on
its inputs and outputs and not
on its internal complexity.
Complexity & Controversy
Black Box
An actor network is simultaneously
an actor whose activity is networking
heterogeneous elements and
a network that is able to
redefine and transform
what it is made of.
To maintain security and reduce the costs of replacing locks and keys, the hotel manager ask each guest on arrival to leave the key to their room at reception whenever they leave the hotel.
Only one does so.
The others forget, can't be bothered, don't see the point etc.
To enrol others in her programme (to maintain security and reduce costs) she posts notices around the hotel (inscriptions) that repeat her verbal request to guests on arrival. The notice politely asks guests to please return their keys to reception whenever they leave the hotel.
Now three guests comply, but the rest forget, can't be bothered etc.
To increase compliance with her programme (to ensure security and reduce costs) the hotel manager introduces a technical innovation in the form of a large heavy weight attached to hotel room keys.
Now almost all guests return their keys.
The technology has acted on the guests. It has enrolled them in the Actor-Network by translating "Ensure security and reduce costs"
to "Deposit an inconvenient object at reception".
But there's always one non-compliant guest.
Probably an Actor-Network Theorist!
A simple actor-network showing the social effect of a non-human actor (adapted from Latour 1991)
http://bit.ly/Xocsdl
NATURE
LANGUAGE
SOCIETY
The Great Modernist Divide
Home of the scientists
Home of the sociologists
Where the postmodernists live
ANT
A black box can be many things including a theory or fact; a technology; or a human body. So long as they function well/remain unchallenged the lid of the black box stays firmly shut.
Full transcript