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Effective strategies of teaching ESL students

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Isabel Grimaldo

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of Effective strategies of teaching ESL students

Effective Lessons
Language Development
English as a Second Language
(ESL) Standards
Read to students on daily basis
For example, read illustrated books. The pictures will describe what is being read and will help students comprehend the material.

Support students comprehension
For example, read slowly and with expressions.

Teach phonics in context.
For example, teach letter sounds.

Read along books are perfect because they can follow along and hear the way the narrator pronounces the words.
Isabel Grimaldo
What are some effective strategies of teaching ESL students in a mainstream class
Standard I. The ESL teacher understands fundamental language concepts and knows the structure and conventions of the English language.

Standard II. The ESL teacher has knowledge of the foundations of ESL education and factors that contribute to an effective multicultural and multilingual learning environment.

Standard III. The ESL teacher understands the processes of first- and second-language acquisition and uses this knowledge to promote students’ language development in English.

Standard IV. The ESL teacher understands ESL teaching methods and uses this knowledge to plan and implement effective, developmentally appropriate ESL instruction.

Standard V. The ESL teacher has knowledge of the factors that affect ESL students’ learning of academic content, language, and culture.

Standard VI. The ESL teacher understands formal and informal assessment procedures and instruments (language proficiency and academic achievement) used in ESL programs and uses assessment results to plan and adapt instruction.

Standard VII. The ESL teacher knows how to serve as an advocate for ESL students and facilitate family and community involvement in their education.

Form a connection between new concepts and students prior knowledge.
For example, link concepts to student's background or personal interests.

Define important key concepts and language objectives.
For example, students are expected to learn new vocabulary words.

Modify vocabulary instruction.
For example, keep a word wall and pronounce the new words in repeated occasions.

Provide proper feedback.
For example, "Good pronunciation!"

Building background knowledge
Talk to your students about the purpose of the lesson.

Explicit instruction and modeling
Approach different teaching strategies.

Guided practice
Students are guided by the teacher and practice what they have learned.

Peer practice
Allow students to be in small groups.

Assessment of content learned
Use formal and informal assessments.

Create a Welcoming Environment
Learn each student's name

Offer one to one assistance if needed

Label class materials

Have a daily visual schedule the student's can see

Assign a friend to the student

(the student can translate if needed)

Make all the students feel valued

Become a Multicultural Teacher
Learn more about people and important cultural events
Learn different languages
Embrace new customs


Ni hao




Greet students in their native language
English Language Learners: Culture, Equity and Language
by: NEAPrioritySchools
Colorín Colorado (2007). How to Develop a Lesson Plan that Includes ELLs | Colorín Colorado. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://www.colorincolorado.org/educators/content/lessonplan/

Colorín Colorado (2007). How to Create a Welcoming Classroom Environment | Colorín Colorado. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://www.colorincolorado.org/educators/reachingout/welcoming/

Kristina Robertson (2009). Supporting ELLs in the Mainstream Classroom: Language Tips | ELL Topics from A-Z | Colorín Colorado. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/33047/

Meetville (2010). Kofi Annan Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every family. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from http://meetville.com/quotes/quote/kofi-annan/174972

The New York Times (2008). Best Illustrated Children�s Books 2008 - The New York Times > Books > Slide Show > Slide 6 of 11. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2008/11/06/books/20081109ILLUSTRATEDBOOKS_7.html?_r=0

Portland Public Schools (OR) and Colorín Colorado (2009). Supporting ELLs in the Mainstream Classroom: Reading Instruction | ELL Topics from A-Z | Colorín Colorado. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://www.colorincolorado.org/article/33048/

NEAPrioritySchools (2012, January 20). English Language Learners: Culture, Equity and Language [Video file]. Retrieved from

Texas Education Agency (2001, October 26). Search Results: Effective ESL teaching techniques. Retrieved April 3, 2014, from http://search.tea.state.tx.us/search?access=p&entqr=0&output=xml_no_dtd&sort=date%3AD%3AL%3Ad1&ud=1&client=default_frontend&oe=UTF-8&ie=UTF-8&proxystylesheet=default_frontend&site=default_collection&q=Effective%20ESL%20teaching%20techniques

Tilmon, L. (2012, April 27). Mrs. Tilmon Says...: organization of classroom supplies. Retrieved April 5, 2014, from http://lisatilmon.blogspot.com/2012/04/organization-of-classroom-supplies.html

Wikki Stix (n.d.). Word Wall | Educational Toys, Kids Crafts, Teaching Tools | WikkiStix.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014, from http://www.wikkistix.com/educational_word.php

Students will be delighted to know you know a little about their background and culture.
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