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Escape: Children of the Holocaust

book club holocaust
by

Gianna Tirrell

on 11 June 2011

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Transcript of Escape: Children of the Holocaust

ESCAPE: Children of the Holocaust Book put together by: Allan Zullo This book is 7 different true stories about kids that escaped from the Nazis and survived the Holocaust. They are based on interviews with the author, and are stories about lives that you wouldn't want to have. The Holocaust took place in the 1930's and 1940's, and it's leader, Hitler, beleived that certain groups of people, including Jews, didn't deserve to live. one of the stories is called, "Mama, It's the Gas Chamber!" This story is about a 12-year old, Jewish girl named Judi Beker who had near-death experiences and, along with her older brother and sister, amazingly survived the Holocaust. This is the Nazis swastika. This is the Jewish Star of David that the nazis made every jew wear at all times. Hitler invaded several countries during World war 2, including Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Norway, Denmark, and Holland. Hitler and the Nazis were racists and thought that any race besides theirs was not important. They also were against Jewish people and sent all the Jews in many different places to concentration camps, along with millions of other people, not just Jews, but citizens and soldiers of the Soviet Union, disabled people, and anybody that spoke out against them. Between 1920 and 1939, a fourth of Kovno's population was Jewish. In June 1940, the Soviet Union occupied Lithuania. By 1941, more and more Jewish refugees were coming into the country from Poland, where the Germans were. The Jewish population grew to 250,000 people, which was 10% of the country's total population. . Then , in June and July 1941, the Germans invaded Lithuania after they had attacked the Soviet Union and occupied Kovno. The Lithuanian people carried out riots against Jews when the Germans were there, and before they took over. Then in June and July 1941, the Germans started murderiang Jews, and by the end of august that year most of the Jews living in the country were shot. By november 1941, most of the Jews in ghettos in larger cities had also been murdered. This picture shows a Lithuanian crowd watching the aftermath of a massacre in 1941 that killed about 50 Jewish men. This is a postcard of Kovno. In 1943, the Kovno ghetto was turned into a concentration camp and some of the people in the ghetto were deported - the ones that were able to work were sent to forced labor camps and the children, elderly and people unable to work went to Auschwitz, an extermination camp. In July 1944, the Germans evacuated everyone to one or two other camps. They killed more than 2,000 people just three weeks befor the Soviet Union army came, when they destroyed the ghetto with fire, dynamite and grenades. The ghetto in Kovno had multiple resistance groups and people that wrote about or documented their life at concentration camps. For example, one man named George Kadish secretly took pictures of his life during the Holocaust using a buttonhole camera hidden on his coat On August 1, 1944 the Soviet Union liberated Kovno, Lithuania. Few people in Kovno survived the Holocaust, but 500 of the ones who did were hiding in forests or bunkers. this is a map of Lithuania, which is in Northern Europe. This story takes place in Kovno, Lithuania.
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