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Manga, Anime, and visual art culture
Transcript of Manga, Anime, and visual art culture
Painted Art 150 - 350
Layouts/breakdowns 35 - 100
Pencil art† 55 - 200
Background art 10 - 25
Ink art† 45 - 150
Lettering18 - 35
Lettering (on overlay) 20 - 35
Coloring art 20 - 35 Manga Shonen Children Shojo Josei Seinen
• Paving the way for the widespread acceptance of manga in the 1930’s was the establishment of two types of manga
1. Comic strips for children published in newspapers and the journals bought by parents. These publications were heavily influenced by United States newspapers and contained United States comic strips translated into Japanese.
2. Short political cartoon strips for adult readers. These included cartoons influenced by ideologies such as Marxism appearing in publications like “Workers’ News” and “War Banner”.
The division between mainstream children’s manga and alternative/political adult manga would remain a lasting feature of the manga industry, until the 1930’s when the manga industry experienced a downturn. This was partly triggered by changing political environment as increased media regulation and censorship narrowed content to conform to national political objectives. Prewar Manga and its History
Postwar In the early postwar period, manga was used as cheap entertainment for an impoverished, war-weary Japan. Manga during this time was impacted by US comics 3 things that supported the manga industry
1. Card shows (Kamishibas): The picture card shows were performed in theaters and outdoors throughout Japan. The picture card shows would use cheaply produced picture cards that the storyteller would speak to.
2. Book rental shops: Manga artists would write manga for books and magazines that could be rented out at as cheaply as ¥10 for two days.
3. Small books (yokabon) would be sold directly to the public. These books would be sold in discount book shops and children toy stores for the price of ¥15 to ¥20. There was also deluxe higher-quality manga albums priced between ¥70 and ¥90. Genres Action-adventure, romance, sports and games, historical drama, comedy, science fiction and fantasy, mystery, horror, sexuality, and business/commerce •The term manga can be traced back as far as the 1770’s, and has been used to describe the wood block prints of Katsushika Hokusai (famous Japanese artist, pieces include: The Great Wave off Kanagawa and the Dream of the Fisherman’s Wife.)
•Manga did not attain widespread, popular usage until the 1930’s for two reasons. First, the popularity and national circulation of newspapers modeled on Western layouts brought serialized yonkoma (4 cell blocks) manga into homes and workplaces throughout Japan. There are concerns for the more violent and sexually explicit mangas to cause more violent behavior especially among the younger crowd
There are critics among the crowd for concern that then mangas will change a persons personality but it is not he only fact to apply