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The Rise of Fascism by McKaylyn Fults and Kayla Runyan

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Mckaylyn Fults

on 23 May 2014

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Transcript of The Rise of Fascism by McKaylyn Fults and Kayla Runyan

The Rise of Fascism by McKaylyn Fults and Kayla Runyan
What is Fascism?
Fascism is a system of government in which a dictator harshly controls every aspect of life.
Fascist Government
Emphasize Nationalism

loyalty
Suppresses opposition
No opinions
Criticism no longer tolerated
Censorship
Indoctrination
Secret police
Led by an authoritarian leader
AKA: Fascist
Had no complete theory or philosophy
Believed that struggle was necessary for success
Racial superiority and minority appears
AKA: racism
Example: Jews in Nazi Germany
In some ways similar to Communism
The Rise of Fascism in Italy
Led by
Benito Mussolini
who was dictator from 1922-1943
Fascism was sparked in Italy by the Paris- Peace Conference
Fascism was escalated by:
Inflation
Unemployment
Social unrest
Desperation and promise:
Lack of stable economy
Need of a strong ruler, people turned to Mussolini
Mussolini promised rekindling of economy and troops
Economy worsens... Mussolini Rises
Mussolini used fear to gain support
Supporters were industrial leaders, aristocrats, and member of the middle class
Italy experienced....
Denounced democracy
Secret Police
Censorship of media
Forbid strikes

The Rise of Fascism in Germany
Characteristics of Fascism:
Led by Adolf Hitler
Treaty of Versailles
Hitler forces Germany into a totalitarian state
National Socialist German Worker's Party
The Reign of Terror begins

in Germany
Propaganda, press, radio
Burned books
Children taught to be Nazis
All political parties banned
Secret Police (Gestapo)
Compliance demanded
Strikes banned
Government has complete and total authority
Anti Semitism
Superiority and Minority
"Aryans" (Master Race) - Germans
"Non- Aryans" (inferior)- Jews, Slaves, and Gypsies

What is a Fascist?
A
Fascist
believes in the principals of Fascism as well as the unity of a nation.

"Fascists promised to revive the economy, punish those responsible for hard times, and restore order and national pride."
Fascism vs. Communism
Fascism
Communism
Did not pursue classless society

Nationalists
Led by dictators
one-party rule
abnegated individual rights
The state had absolute power
Democracy was not practiced
Sought a classless society
Internationalists
The Beginnings of Fascism
Fascism began to rise when...
Economic crisis struck

- The Great Depression
Doubt in democracy
Disagreement in treaties

Fascism was predominant in...
Italy
Spain
Germany


Formed the Fascist party in Italy in 1919
Benito Mussolini
Dictator from 1922-1943
Became allies with Hitler and Germany
Adolf Hitler
Germany's dictator 1933- 1945
Awarded the iron cross
Inspired by Benito Mussolini
Der Führer
Chancellor
Mein Kampf:
1925
Italy's Fascist Prime Minister
Editor of a socialist newspaper
" He who would live must fight. He who doesn't wish to fight in this world, where permanent struggle is the law of life, has not the right to exist." -Adolf Hitler,
Mein Kampf
Germany and Italy's Rise of Fascism provided an example for other countries to fall to dictators and begin "the Rise" that contributed to World War II
Fascist parties included:
Aristocrats
veterans
lower middle class citizens
industrialists
In the word's of Benito Mussolini, "Fascism is a religion. The twentieth century will be known in history as the century of Fascism."
rule by the people
ruled by a strong government
Full transcript