Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

AI and AID

Artificial insemination began in the 1770s and is now a huge industry
by

Gina Maranto

on 13 September 2009

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of AI and AID

AI and AID
DR. WILLIAM PANCOAST
1884, Philadelphia

A wealthy couple, unable to conceive (probably due to the husband's
gonorrhea) came to Pancoast. He obtained semen from the "best looking
member of the [medical] class" and using a rubber syringe, deposited it
in the anesthetized woman's vagina. He did not tell the couple, and only
confessed to the husband after the woman gave birth to a son. The
husband did not tell his wife. In 1909, one of the students, Addison Hard, confessed, but was accused of lying. Hard continued to defend AID, "since so many American men had contracted venereal diseases and would therefore spawn 'defective' children."
DR. JOHN HUNTER
1770, London

Instructed man to ejaculate
into a syringe then inject
sperm into his wife's
vagina
DR. J. MARION SIMS
1860s, Alabama and NYC

Pioneered "ethereal copulation"
and may have succeeded in
inseminating several women
COUNT GERGES VACHER
DE LAPOUGE
1880, France

To combat "degeneration" proposed that "a very small number of males of absolute perfection" be used "to
inseminate all the females worthy of perpetuating the race."
JEFFERSON MEDICAL COLLEGE, Philadelphia
DR. ILYA IVANOVICH IVANOV
1890s, Russia

Ivanov pioneered AI with livestock, but was concerned that eliminating
intercourse would "drain future offspring of vigor." He went ahead, and by 1932, Russian veterinarians had performed AI on 650,000 mares, 2 million cows, 3 million ewes, and 200,000 sows.
SIR JOHN HAMMOND
1920s-'50s, England

With other researchers, led
Britain's development of
commercial AI for cattle.
Many, including the Church
of England, objected that
AI "went against nature."
In 1945, experiments proved
freezing sperm did not
harm it.
NEW ZEALAND, 1964
POPE PIUS IX
1877, Rome

Condemns AI as "abominable"
and forbids Catholics from
using it.
JAMA, 1941
JAMA, 1941
"9,489 women had achieved at least one pregnancy by this method. Almost two thirds of all the successful pregnancies were effected through the use of the husband's semen alone; of these, 3,569 resulted in boys, while 2,271 resulted in girls. Donors were used successfully in 3,649 pregnancies, of which 2,107 resulted in boys and 1,542 in girls."
DR. HERMANN MULLER
1961, USA

"Human Evolution by Voluntary
Choice of Germ Plasm" proposes that all women have one child with their spouse,and at least one child with sperm banked from "superior" men.
DR. ROBERT KLARK GRAHAM
1976, San Diego, California

Founding of the Repository for Germinal Choice
or "Nobel sperm bank."
CURRENT PRACTICES

Types of AI

* ICI - Fresh ejaculate (semen) is placed directly into the cervix (opening to the uterus) by using a syringe and cannula (long, slender tube).
* IUI - "Washed" semen is placed directly into the uterus via a catheter through the cervix.

Average cost:

* ICI: US $150 to $500
* IUI: US $200 to $500
* Sperm washing: US $ 150 - $200
* Fertility drugs: US $30 to $75/vial of 75IU, depending on drug used; may require up to 20 or more amps per cycle
* Monitoring: US $500 - $1,500

Source :http://www.fertilitycommunity.com/fertility/artificial-insemination.html
Full transcript