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AI and AID
Transcript of AI and AID
DR. WILLIAM PANCOAST
A wealthy couple, unable to conceive (probably due to the husband's
gonorrhea) came to Pancoast. He obtained semen from the "best looking
member of the [medical] class" and using a rubber syringe, deposited it
in the anesthetized woman's vagina. He did not tell the couple, and only
confessed to the husband after the woman gave birth to a son. The
husband did not tell his wife. In 1909, one of the students, Addison Hard, confessed, but was accused of lying. Hard continued to defend AID, "since so many American men had contracted venereal diseases and would therefore spawn 'defective' children."
DR. JOHN HUNTER
Instructed man to ejaculate
into a syringe then inject
sperm into his wife's
DR. J. MARION SIMS
1860s, Alabama and NYC
Pioneered "ethereal copulation"
and may have succeeded in
inseminating several women
COUNT GERGES VACHER
To combat "degeneration" proposed that "a very small number of males of absolute perfection" be used "to
inseminate all the females worthy of perpetuating the race."
JEFFERSON MEDICAL COLLEGE, Philadelphia
DR. ILYA IVANOVICH IVANOV
Ivanov pioneered AI with livestock, but was concerned that eliminating
intercourse would "drain future offspring of vigor." He went ahead, and by 1932, Russian veterinarians had performed AI on 650,000 mares, 2 million cows, 3 million ewes, and 200,000 sows.
SIR JOHN HAMMOND
With other researchers, led
Britain's development of
commercial AI for cattle.
Many, including the Church
of England, objected that
AI "went against nature."
In 1945, experiments proved
freezing sperm did not
NEW ZEALAND, 1964
POPE PIUS IX
Condemns AI as "abominable"
and forbids Catholics from
"9,489 women had achieved at least one pregnancy by this method. Almost two thirds of all the successful pregnancies were effected through the use of the husband's semen alone; of these, 3,569 resulted in boys, while 2,271 resulted in girls. Donors were used successfully in 3,649 pregnancies, of which 2,107 resulted in boys and 1,542 in girls."
DR. HERMANN MULLER
"Human Evolution by Voluntary
Choice of Germ Plasm" proposes that all women have one child with their spouse,and at least one child with sperm banked from "superior" men.
DR. ROBERT KLARK GRAHAM
1976, San Diego, California
Founding of the Repository for Germinal Choice
or "Nobel sperm bank."
Types of AI
* ICI - Fresh ejaculate (semen) is placed directly into the cervix (opening to the uterus) by using a syringe and cannula (long, slender tube).
* IUI - "Washed" semen is placed directly into the uterus via a catheter through the cervix.
* ICI: US $150 to $500
* IUI: US $200 to $500
* Sperm washing: US $ 150 - $200
* Fertility drugs: US $30 to $75/vial of 75IU, depending on drug used; may require up to 20 or more amps per cycle
* Monitoring: US $500 - $1,500