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Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States ET AL.
Transcript of Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States ET AL.
by: Dahlya Glick and Devon Quick
pd-5 Date of decision: December 14, 1964 Relevant circumstances surrounding the case:
Civil Rights Act of 1964: Effective July 2, 1964, signed by pres. Johnson: made segregation illegal in schools, workplaces, and public facilities, outlawed major forms of discrimination against women and african americans
The Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), tried to get voting for African Americans Legalized. These Efforts took place during the summer of 1964. They also protested the all-white governed state of Mississippi.
Aug. 4, 1964: The bodies of three civil-rights workers were found in an earthen dam, six weeks into a federal investigation backed by President Johnson. James E. Chaney, 21; Andrew Goodman, 21; and Michael Schwerner, 24, had been working to register black voters in Mississippi, and, on June 21, had gone to investigate the burning of a black church. They were arrested by the police on speeding charges, put in jail for several hours, and then released after dark into the hands of the Ku Klux Klan, who murdered them. Constitutional Issue
Amendment XIV (14) of the Constituition- Citizenship, Due Process, and Equal Protection of the Law (Ratified July 9, 1868) garaunteed equality of citizenship, regradless of race. This was the amendment that pertained to the case and guided it's outcome, because this particular case challenged this amendment.
It was also assiciated with the commerce clause because it gave the government more power to regulate interstate commerce by taking power away from the states.
The Case also challenged Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title II of this act reads: "All persons shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privleges, advantages, and accommodations, of any place of public accommodations, as defined in this section, without discrimination or segregation on the ground of race, color, religion, or national origin." The Court's Decision:
Concluded that the Heart of Atlanta Motel was in violation of Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment of the Constitution.
They ruled that the motel could not deny any costumers service because of their race, and that places of public accommodation had no "right" to select guests as they saw fit, free from governmental regulation. Chief Justice Earl Warren Key Terms:
Title II: The title in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 which states,"All persons shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privleges, advantages, and accommodations, of any place of public accommodations, as defined in this section, without discrimination or segregation on the ground of race, color, religion, or national origin."
The Civil Rights Act of 1964: outlawed racial discrimination in public facilities
Declatory Judgement Action: a judgment of a court which determines the rights of parties without ordering anything be done or awarding damages
Amici Curiae: A party that is not involved in a particular litigation but that is allowed by the court to advise it on a matter of law directly affecting the litigation Works Cited
chosen by Eisenhower
presided over the Supreme Court Cases of: Brown V. Board of Education, Miranda V. Arizona, NAACP v. Alabama 1953- 1969
Choosen by Eisenhower
Presided over the Supreme Court Cases of: Brown v. Board of Education, Miranda v. Arizona, NAACP v. Alabama