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Transcript of Sino-American Rapprochement
What is Rapprochement
(esp. in international relations) an establishment or resumption of harmonious relations.
"there were signs of a growing rapprochement between the two countries"
Sino-soviet split in 1968
China realizes that the United States had no interest in expanding their territory in Asia
Relations were worsening between the US and the Soviet Union, paved the way for a Sino-US relationship
Cold War and Vietnam
Setting in China
After the colossal failures of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution headed by Mao Zedong, China was left in shambles.
It was up to Deng Xiaoping to pick up the pieces and get China back on track
Deng realizes the anger of the people and decides its best to tell the people the truth and admit that the Cultural Revolution was mistake and that they needed a reform under his supervision. Therefore, relations with the US, a major world power, could prove beneficial for the chinese during such a chaotic time
Nixon feels relationship with Beijing is in best interests of the U.S.
For US such a course, given the Sino-soviet split, could be beneficial in helping end the war in Vietnam
Balance of power shift decisively in America's favor
Idea of China changes to a strategic counterweight rather than a means to improve negotiating position against Soviets
Deng Xiaoping wanted to use the relationship with the United States to deter Soviet intervention for their planned attack on Vietnam
Deng visits US, sends message to Soviets that the US and China are friends
US provided valuable intelligence about the Soviets to the Chinese
Normalize Diplomatic Ties
Recognition and the establishment of formal diplomatic relations between China and the United States finally came in January 1979
Implications for Taiwan
Americans knew this was a central issue for China's leaders and US prepared to abandon the island
Recognized China's position but said they disagreed with it
US Taiwan Relations Act (April 1979), authorized continued commerical, cultural and other relations with Taiwan
Allow US to provide armed forces and military aid whenever they needed
China is outraged and this dispute continued long after the cold war
Cold War Continues
Despite the issue of Taiwan, US and China continue a good working relationship because of the Cold War
Reagan (1984), visits and is pleased
Relationship thrives politically, economically, strategically, culturally
Concern for Taiwan remains
Nixon becomes president in 1969- Reputation as anti-communist.
Henry Kissinger, Nixon's national security advisor
Deng, paramount leader in China
-US begins to discuss military equipment and dual-use technology to strengthen China as a strategic partner
-Geographically beneficial, create post in china to listen in on Soviet Union
-Would force soviets to have to fight a two front war
-For China, relations with the US could keep the Soviets from invading them when they attack Vietnam, especially since the Soviets and Vietnam signed a security treaty with each other
1. Was Rapprochement and establishing a relationship between the US and China necessary?
2. What are some of the costs or benefits we see today stemming from rapprochement?
3. What are some of the reasons this relationship was maintained despite the extreme ideological differences between the two powers?