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Applications in US & World History

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Jen Smith

on 11 August 2014

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Transcript of Applications in US & World History

Applications in US & World History
Theme 1
Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Society
Theme 2
Historical Systems of Power, Governance and Authority
Theme 3
Individuals & Institutions as Mechanisms of Social/Governmental Change
theme 4
Science & Technology as Engines of Economic Growth
Western Governors University GKT1
Jennifer Smith
4/25/2014

Yellowstone National Park

Location: Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana

Established: March 1, 1872
Size: 2,221,766 acres

There are more geysers and hot springs here than anywhere else on Earth.

One of Yellowstone's major importance is being a wildlife sanctuary.

Yellowstone National Park

Great Fountain Geyser’s eruption consists of a series of bursts followed by quiet periods. This pattern continues for the duration of the eruption. Usually the first burst is the tallest and strongest.

(National Park Service, 2014)
Great Fountain Geyser in Yellowstone, the first U.S. national park, erupts every 9 to 15 hours, shooting water up to 220 feet high.

There were no wolves in Yellowstone in 1994. The wolves that were reintroduced in 1995 and 1996 thrived and there are now over 300 of their descendants living in the Greater Yellowstone Area.

Wolves

The 1988 fires affected 793,880 acres or 36 percent of the park. Five fires burned into the park that year from adjacent public lands. The largest, the North Fork Fire, started from a discarded cigarette. It burned more than 410,000 acres.


Yellowstone Fire

The human descent of the Yellowstone region goes back to more than 11,000 years ago. Groups of Native Americans used the park as their homes, hunting grounds, and transportation routes. These traditional uses of Yellowstone lands continued until a little over 200 years ago when the first people of European descent found their way into the park. In 1872 a country that had not yet seen its first centennial, established Yellowstone as the first national park in the world. A new concept was born and with it a new way for people to preserve and protect the best of what they had for the benefit and enjoyment of future generations.

(National Park Service, 2014)
History & Culture

http://mms.nps.gov/yell/ofvec/exhibits/eruption/prediction/predict6.htm

http://www.nps.gov/yell/historyculture/index.htm

References
This example fits the theme because the land was used for natural resources to it's natives for hunting and fishing due to an abundant amount of physical & biological resources. The land that was so genuine had to be kept preserved. It became a national park so that many of us could enjoy it for its beauty and uniqueness for many years to come.
http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/national-parks/yellowstone-national-park/
Demonizing political opposition

Origin of the Nazi Party

Propaganda was the source for the spread and control of the Nazi Party.

Law, culture, economy & education were under Nazi control.

Hitler's control started with individuals that proceeded to institutions and then forced their goals to German Churches

The Nazi Party
Theme 2
This represents theme 2 because it’s an example how a harsh government became authoritative of the European people during World War ll.

The Nazi Party


During the war, the Nazis’ anti-Jewish campaigns increased in scale and ferocity. In the invasion and occupation of Poland, German troops shot thousands of Polish Jews, confined many to ghettos where they starved to death and began sending others to death camps in various parts of Poland, where they were either killed immediately or forced into slave labor.

In 1941, when Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Nazi death squads machine-gunned tens of thousands of Jews in the western regions of Soviet Russia.

In Hitler's final public appearance in 1945, after others were attempting to take over leadership, he blamed the war on the Jews, and then ended his own life by shooting himself in the head. About 1 week later, the Germans offered their surrender in World War 2.
Systemic Murder of European Jews
http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/nazi-party
(History 2014)
http://www.nps.gov/yell/historyculture/index.htm
(National Park Service, 2014)
Theme 1
Until the early 1800s Native Americans lived throughout the Yellowstone Plateau. They lived a peaceful life near the rivers and mountains throughout Yellowstone. They found their livelihood by fishing the waters and hunting the lands. It is said that Native Americans used the warm water from the geysers to bathe, cook, and wash their clothing.
http://www.yellowstonepark-trip.com/history-of-yellowstone-park.php
(Open Book, 2009)
World Example
Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He initiated World War II and oversaw fascist policies that resulted in millions of deaths.
http://www.biography.com/#!/people/adolf-hitler-9340144
(Adolf Hitler, 2014)
“Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live.”

(Adolf Hitler, 2014)
("teams.as.edu.augroups", 2014)
("vintag.es",2014)
("Avaxnews", 2014)
("YouTube", 2014)
("nps.gov", 2014)
("firstpeople.us", 2014)
("pompei-hotels.com", 2014)
("jimcoda.com", 2014)
("boomsbeat.com", 2014)
("youtube.com", 2014)
("travel.nationalgeographic.com", 2014)
("nps.gov", 2014)
('learntolearn.wikidot.com", 2014)
("yellowstone.net", 2014)
Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi movement. He was responsible for starting World War 2 and for killing more than 11 million people during the Holocaust. The Holocaust began in 1941. The Germans began transporting large numbers of Jewish people to concentration camps. The Nazis attempted to hide the murders and concentration camps, but the numbers lost were too great, and eventually, their details were revealed.
1. Geography and the Development/Diffusion of Human Societies: Yellowstone National Park-U.S. History.

2. Historical Systems of Power, Governance, and Authority: The Nazi Party-World History.

3. Individuals and Institutions as Mechanisms of Social/Governmental Change: Abraham Lincoln-U.S.
History.

4. Science and Technology as the Engine of Economic Growth and Development: Penicillin,
Alexander Fleming-World History.
Overview
(National Park Service, 2014)
This presentation will cover the following 4 themes
in U.S. & World History.
Abraham Lincoln
U.S Example
Yellowstone National Park
U.S. Example
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves.
Abraham Lincoln
Civil Rights Activist, Lawyer, U.S. Representative, U.S. President (1809–1865)
("ricorant.blogspot.com", 2014)
Abraham Lincoln is regarded as one of America's greatest heroes due to both his incredible impact on the nation and his unique appeal. His is a remarkable story of the rise from humble beginnings to achieve the highest office in the land; then, a sudden and tragic death at a time when his country needed him most to complete the great task remaining before the nation. Lincoln's distinctively human and humane personality and historical role as savior of the Union and emancipator of the slaves creates a legacy that endures. His eloquence of democracy and his insistence that the Union was worth saving embody the ideals of self-government that all nations strive to achieve.
http://www.biography.com/people/abraham-lincoln-9382540.
(Abraham Lincoln, 2014)


Reconstruction began during the war as early as 1863 in areas firmly under Union military control. Abraham Lincoln favored a policy of quick reunification with a minimum of retribution. But he was confronted by a radical group of Republicans in the Senate and House that wanted complete allegiance and repentance from former Confederates. Before a political battle had a chance to firmly develop, Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865, by well-known actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. Lincoln was taken from the theater to a Petersen House across the street and laid in a coma for nine hours before dying the next morning. His body lay in state at the Capitol before a funeral train took him back to his final resting place in Springfield, Illinois.

(Abraham Lincoln, 2014)
Assassination
Essence
("YouTube", 2014)
Abraham Lincoln - Mini Biography
President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
The Emancipation Proclamation
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/
(archives.gov, 2014)
("neh.gov", 2014)
Yellowstone National Park
Theme 3
Abraham Lincoln
("pardaphash.com", 2014)
Abraham Lincoln fits the theme because he is an important figure in U.S. History for being the first Republican president. He initiated and changed the course of many American lives in America giving us freedom and liberty.
("piusmedia.com", 2014)
Penicillin, Alexander Fleming
World Example
The History of Penicillin
Alexander Fleming
Penicillin is one of the earliest discovered and widely used antibiotic agents, derived from the Penicillium mold. Antibiotics are natural substances that are released by bacteria and fungi into the their environment, as a means of inhibiting other organisms - it is chemical warfare on a microscopic scale. (inventors.about.com, 2014)
("0.tqn.com", 2014)
In 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming observed that colonies of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus could be destroyed by the mold Penicillium notatum, proving that there was an antibacterial agent there in principle. This principle later lead to medicines that could kill certain types of disease-causing bacteria inside the body. (inventors.about.com, 2014)
http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/Penicillin.htm
("upload.wikimedia.org", 2014)
Resistance to Penicillin
Four years after drug companies began mass-producing penicillin in 1943, microbes began appearing that could resist it.
The first bug to battle penicillin was Staphylococcus aureus. This bacterium is often a harmless passenger in the human body, but it can cause illness, such as pneumonia or toxic shock syndrome, when it overgrows or produces a toxin.
(inventors.about.com, 2014)
("nature.com", 2014)
Alexander Fleming's Discovery of Penicillin
("YouTube", 2014)
Penicillin, Alexander Fleming
Theme 4
This fits the theme because there is a vast importance of Penicillin in the world throughout history. Quite simply, it was the first antibiotic. It was the first medicine that not only treated a disease but actually prevented infection and killed infections that developed. Without antibiotics, infections would become a lot worse and people would become septic and die.
Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park is one of the last, nearly intact, natural ecosystems in the temperate zone of Earth. Here, natural processes operate in an ecological context that has been less subject to human alteration than most others throughout the nation—and indeed throughout the world. This makes the park not only an invaluable natural reserve, but a reservoir of information valuable to humanity. In Yellowstone, scientists conduct research ranging from large-scale studies of landscape changes affecting the local ecosystem to studies of tiny organisms that have the potential to change the lives of people the world over, making the protection of this wilderness relevant and crucial to everyone. Yellowstone also has a rich history that includes an archeological record of more than 11,000 years of human use. Twenty-six American Indian tribes have officially recognized ties to Yellowstone National Park lands. As the world’s first national park, Yellowstone’s modern history is no less significant; the park’s Heritage and Research Center houses materials documenting the development of the national park idea, the history of science in Yellowstone, and major efforts in American wildlife conservation, as well as Yellowstone’s broader natural and human history. In any given year, around 220 independent investigators are permitted to use Yellowstone National Park as their study site on subjects ranging from microbiology to paleontology to grizzly bears and wolves; many more conduct research at the Heritage and Research Center. The Yellowstone Center for Resources is responsible for managing those researchers, as well as the park’s own scientific programs and communications.
http://www.greateryellowstonescience.org/parks/yell
Haynes Family
Members of the Haynes family ran the photography concession in Yellowstone from 1884 to 1967, taking and selling their own pictures at multiple locations and developing the pictures taken by park visitors. By helping Yellowstone gain international recognition for its natural wonders and visitor services, the Hayneses’ photography promoted both tourism in the West and the idea of a national park.
(greateryellowstonescience, 2014)
("yellowstonestereoviews.com", 2014)
(greateryellowstonescience, 2014)
Preservation for Diffusion of Human Development
The discovery of penicillin changed the world of medicine enormously. With its development, infections that were previously severe and often fatal, like bacterial endocarditis, bacterial meningitis and pneumococcal pneumonia, could be easily treated. Even dating all the way back to World War II and today with the war in Iraq, soldiers experienced injuries that would have been fatal without penicillin and other antibiotics that were developed subsequently. It is really impossible for me to imagine what the world would be like without penicillin. I question whether there would be a discipline of infectious diseases as we know it today.

There were beginning treatments for pneumococcal pneumonia in the 1930s with antisera and sulfonamides, but use of these treatments quickly came to a halt, and everyone began using penicillin. This quickly led to a number of pharmaceutical industries beginning to screen a variety of other natural products for antibacterial activity, which led to a whole host of new antibiotics, such as streptomycin, aminoglycosides, tetracycline and the like. Penicillin clearly led the way in that development.
(Theodore C. Eickhoff, MD, 2014)


http://www.healio.com/endocrinology/news/print/endocrine-today/%7B15afd2a1-2084-4ca6-a4e6-7185f5c4cfb0%7D/penicillin-an-accidental-discovery-changed-the-course-of-medicine
Economic Development
Full transcript