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Transcript of Harlem Renaissance
Jordan, Clint Harlem Renaissance Harlem Renaissance Music Josh Yi, Clint Durham,
Jordan Williams, Ashley Stigler Writing and literature Art As the idea of Pan-Africanism spread, new styles of music and literature were introduced, the foremost and most iconic being jazz, blues, and jazz poetry.
The purpose of these new genres was to unite and uplift the African-Americans by deviating from the norm. Events That Lead Up to the Harlem Renaissance Famous Artists History and inspirations Many of the African Americans used art as a way to express their heritage and celebrate where they are from. Aaron Douglas He focused on geometrical figures.
His particular style was based on silhouettes resembling African American characteristics such as spiritual desires and racial pride.
His influences were mainly from
jazz and folk traditions. African Americans used their unique racial experiences to create their artwork Fine arts became the way to communicate through out the African American communities in Harlem and through out the United States. African Americans during this time period used art to express what they love, such as dancing, singing, and listening to jazz music. Jacob Armstead Lawrence Palmer Hayden Beauford Delaney He used his artwork to express his old life and that of his peers who migrated from the South to the North during this time. Most of is pieces used bold colors and symbols to represent things from his past, such as his struggles, goals, and accomplishments. Many of his art influences came from the environment around him. His artwork also focused on the African American experiences, capturing both rural gatherings in the South and the urban lives of New York. He painted colourful, eye catching pieces that captured scenes of the urban landscape. His artworks from this time period express not only the character of the city of Harlem, but also his personal vision of equality, love, and respect for all people The Great Migration
Because life was becoming increasingly difficult for Blacks in the south, blacks began migrating North by the millions. Though racism was still present in the North, it was thought to be less brutal. Blacks also had more legal rights in the North. The North granted all adult men suffrage; provided better educational advancement for African-Americans and their children; and offered greater job opportunities as a result of World War I and the industrial revolution. This large movement of Blacks, known as the Great Migration, bought more than seven million Blacks to the North. Harlem: The Black Mecca
Meanwhile, many blacks were pushed out of the metropolitan area due to the re-development gentrification of midtown.
As a results, large volumes of blacks began moving to Harlem.
Between 1900 - 1920, the number of blacks in New York City doubled.
Many of the country's best and brightest entrepreneurs, artists, and intellectuals moved into Harlem.
They brought with them Institutions and businesses as well as their own talents and ideas.
The area soon became known as “the Black Mecca” and “the capital of black America.” The literature during the Harlem Renaissance was a way for the blacks to express their racial culture and to strive to fit in the already formed white culture and society. Oppression in the South The end of the American Civil War in 1865 ushered in a new era for Black in America of increased education and employment opportunities. During this time...
The first black middle class was created and its members began to want the same lifestyles as White Americans.
Plessy v. Fergunson in 1896
Jim Crow Laws
The South became an increasing hostile place for Black Americans who were harshly discriminated against.
The South's economy began to suffer as boll weevils began to infest cotton crop. This reduced the amount of labor needed in the South. The Construction of Harlem Housing executives planned to build a neighborhood in Harlem specifically designed for Whites who needed to commute into the city to work.
Building construction progressed faster than the transportation necessary to bring workers downtown.
Frustrated workers abandoned the once exclusive district.
Due to the lack of customers, landlords began selling black real estate agents such as Philip A. Payton.
They also began to rent directly to black tenants. Jazz Jazz was a new style of music that came about during the Harlem Renaissance. It was a completely new style that incorporated both African and European musical concepts. Jazz featured big bands, brassy sounds, a different way of counting, and improvisation, all of which were very new to the musical world of that time. Famous Jazz Figures Duke Ellington Duke Ellington was most notable for being a composer. He wrote over 1,000 compositions for the jazz, gospel, and classical genres. Louis Armstrong Nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, Louis Armstrong helped paved the way for jazz during the Harlem Renaissance with his soloistic appeal and improvisation on his trumpet. Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald was known as the "Queen of Jazz" for her vocal talent, especially in her range and ability to scat sing. Billie Holiday The few songs that Billie Holiday wrote became highly influential in the jazz world, especially with her protest songs, such as "Strange Fruit" While in grammar school in Lincoln, Hughes was elected class poet. Hughes stated that in retrospect he thought it was because of the stereotype that African Americans have rhythm. "I was a victim of a stereotype. There were only two of us Negro kids in the whole class and our English teacher was always stressing the importance of rhythm in poetry. Well, everyone knows, except us, that all Negroes have rhythm, so they elected me as class poet." Langston Hughes was an African American contemporary writer during the Harlem Renaissance who wanted to write as a "Negro Writer". He was considered a "Negro Writer" because he did not commit to writing about common 20s writing but instead created many poems and narratives focused mainly on black hardships and racial discrimination/segregation.
Hughes criticized men who were known as the midwives of the Harlem Renaissance: W. E. B. Du Bois, Jessie Redmon Fauset, and Alain LeRoy Locke, as being overly accommodating and assimilating eurocentric values and culture for social equality. Hughes tried to depict the "low-life" in his art,or the real lives of blacks in the lower social class. Alain Leroy Locke is considered the father of the Harlem Renaissance movement. He created the novel "The New Negro," which was intended to familiarize white society with black literature. Locke considered literature a means of self-expression, not of propaganda, and his belief was that, through their literary contribution, African-Americans would find their place in American history and mesh with the white society's culture. W.E.B Du bois wanted social progress for African-Americans and wrote strongly about social equality for blacks. He co-headed the NAACP and worked to find bring social freedoms to blacks in an effort for justice. In his most substantial book, "The Philadelphia Negro" he relates African-American urban life and white urban life.