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Ciara O'Connor

on 23 April 2014

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Transcript of MINNESOTA

The State Bird
The State Fish
The Minnesota state fish is the walleye, a fresh water fish which is sometimes called the yellow walleye to distinguish it from the blue walleye. One of the walleyes features, that many people use to distinguish them from other fish, is their "marble" eye.
The State Tree
The state tree is the Red Pine, also called the Norway Pine, because when the pilgrims first came to Minnesota they mistook it for the Norway Pine. Later, the pilgrims learned they were two different trees all together. The red pine is better known for it's long slim needles, which dangle from its limbs.
The State Flower
The state flower is the pink and white lady slipper. It is illegal to pick this flower in the state of Minnesota, due to the fact that picking one of the bulbs from the bushel causes the whole plant to die. The lady slipper was adopted as state flower in 1902. The lady slipper is also known as the Showy Lady Slipper, or the Queen's Lady Slipper. They are not found all around Minnesota, but are most commonly seen in Northern Minnesota in wet areas.
The State Muffin
The Minnesota state muffin is the blueberry muffin. This particular muffin was actually chosen for the state muffin by a class of third graders. Minnesota has an amazing production of blueberries, supplying many other states across the U.S with blueberries.
The State Rock
The Minnesota State Rock is the lake superior agate, the superior agate actually isn't a rock, it's a gemstone, not a rock. These agates vary in size, they can be pea sized, while others can weigh 20 lbs! Although they are the "Lake Superior" agates, they are not commonly found there anymore, due to people hunting them there. So, they are often easier to find elsewhere.
The State Grain
The Minnesota state grain is Wild Rice, which was originally gathered by the Dakota and Ojibwe native people who lived in the area of what is now Minnesota. The people of Minnesota still farm this rice today, and it is one of our main cash crops.
The State Animal
The Minnesota State Animal is the 13 Lined Ground Squirrel Squirrel, also known as the thirteen liner. The male and female only weigh about 9 ounces! These small animals are extremely common throughout Minnesota, you can find these small rodents almost everywhere you go.
The State Drink
The Minnesota state drink is milk. In 2008, Minnesota exported 200 million dollars worth of dairy products, all coming from the cows in our livestock farms. These farms are all over Minnesota, producing 1,000's of gallons of milk each week.
The Minnesota State Motto
The State Bird is the Common Loon, sometimes known for it's loud call and stubby legs. The legs are amazing for swimming, but so awkward and short they hinder the bird on land. They hinder it so much, that they can not take off for flight out of water, due to their legs being so far behind their bodies.
The motto is L'Etoile du Nord which was given to us by the french. That means "Star of the North". The name was chosen by Henry Sibley to honor all the french fur traders, missionaries, and explorers that settled in MN all those years ago.
Also known as a Sunny is related to the Bluegill, Large Mouth Bass, and Crappies. The Green Sunfish is known for its polarization vision, which makes catching its small prey much easier. The Green Sunfish is found in North America, the Rocky Mountains, Canada, the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes, Asia, Africa, and Europe.
Northern Pike
The Crappie is a fresh water fish. The Black Crappie is a part of the Sunfish family and is closely related to the White Crappie. Black Crappie feed and hunt on their predators young, including the Walleye, Muskellunge, and Northern Pike.
The Muskellunge, also known as the Muskie, is related to the Northern Pike. Muskies can become extremely large. The largest known Muskie in Minnesota is 54 lbs and 56 inches, caught on lake Winnibigoshish. Muskies are the largest freshwater species of the Pike family. In North America it is an unusual event to catch a Muskie.
Black Crappies
Rock Bass

Channel Catfish
The Cardinal is also known as Cardinal Grosbeaks and Cardinal Buntings. Cardinals are known for their vibrant red color! Only the males have this look though.
Robin Redbreast is related to the thrush. It is known for its orange/red belly. The two species, European Robin and the Redbreast, are not closely related, although they have similar physical features.
Robin Redbreast
The Pileated Woodpecker is known for its loud cry, almost like a laugh. It is most well known for its unusual tongue that wraps all the way around the skull, to act as a built in helmet to prevent headaches after constantly pounding it's head into trees.
Blue Jays, sometimes called Sky Hogs, feed on nuts and seeds. The eggs are a bluish color with brown spots. Blue Jays are known for their beautiful vibrant blue colors and intricate designs across their backs.
Pileated Woodpecker

Bald Eagle
The Bald Eagle is the National Bird.The eagle eats meat, such as fish (mainly salmon), other birds that are smaller than itself, and rodents. They build large nests in trees and their habitat is spread though out the U.S.A, including Minnesota. It is called the "Bald Eagle", due to it's white head (bald used to mean white, not hairless).

The Black Capped Chickadee is a forager. It eats things that are left on the ground, like corn or other vegetable scraps, another large part of their diet are insects. The Black Capped Chickadee is usually found in the northern half of North America, often in Minnesota.
Red Squirrel
Red Squirrels live in all over the world. You can find them in Great Britain, Italy, Ireland, and the USA. Mating can occur in late winter, during February and March, and in summer between June and July. Up to two litters a year per female are possible, with up to four in a litter.
Grey Wolf
Wolves are pack animals, there is an Alpha male and female, also Betas and Omegas. Wolf packs are all about your "ranking." The Alpha leads the pack and may have their position challenged at any time, as well as the Female Alpha, who is the Alpha's mate. Beta is second in command, then come the pups, then last of all the "looser" of the pack, the Omegas. Each member of the pack, depending on what position they are in, get their, own note to howl. There are, on average, about 6-8 wolves in a pack.
White Tail Deer
The White Tail Deer, also known as the "Virginia Deer" or simply "white tail" The white tail deer is actually one of the two Minnesota state animals. The other being the 13 striped ground squirrel
Black Bear
The black bear is medium sized bear, native to North America. Their diet greatly depends on the season. They are "omnivorous" mammals. They are hunted in many places, including MN.
Porcupines are rodents. They have many sharp spines or quills. They are one of the largest of the rodent family. They live in trees and their diet mainly consists of bark and other parts of different trees. They actually make homes in trees, almost like a nest.
There are many large forests in Minnesota. There are many different kinds of vegetation in Minnesota, with many tree farms.
High Quality Farms &
High Development

High Quality Farm &
Low Development

Federal & Indian Land

Urban Areas

Other Lands

Minnesota is extremely well ranked in agriculture! Minnesota was ranked 4th out of the Fifty, United States. Minnesota grows many different crops; Corn is the state's most valuable crop followed by soybeans and again, Minnesota is a leading producer. The leading vegetables are; Sweet Corn, Peas, and Potatoes. The leading Fruit crops are Apples. Farmers also grow; Hay, Sugar Beets, Wheat, Barley, Flax seed, Oats, and Wild Rice. Livestock and livestock products account for about half of the state's farm income. Minnesota's most valuable livestock products are hogs, accounting for 18% of the state's total agricultural revenues. Minnesota is leading in hog production. Also leading in turkey production.
There are at least 57 different forests in Minnesota. Minnesota also has many species of trees. Approximately 49 different species. Mainly the Sapindaceae (soap berry family), Fagaceae (beech family) and Pinaceae (pine family). There are some problems though, due to the Dutch Elm disease. Many people and scientists are worried that we may loose the Dutch Elm completely! Elm Bark Beetles are spreading through out Minnesota and infecting the Elms.

The biggest forest fire recorded in the state of Minnesota was in Hinkley Minnesota, 418 people were killed. The biggest forest in Minnesota is the Supierior National Forest.

The largest lake in Minnesota is
actually the largest fresh water
surface in the world, Lake Superior.

This lake has the largest surface area but is only third in volume. There are many lakes in Minnesota, to be precise 11,842. In fact, Minnesota's nickname is the Land of 10,00 Lakes.

and plains
Douglas County, by the 2010 census had a population of 36,009 people. Douglas County was established in 1858, the same year Minnesota was established. It is named for Stephen Douglas, of Illinois. There are many highways, the major highway is interstate 94. The first settlement of Douglas County was abandoned, due to attacks from the Sioux Indians. Although people soon returned. At the first meeting of the the county board two towns were established, Alexandria Township and Osakis Township. The first county meetings were held in officer's homes until 1867, that was the year they decided to rent a small building for their meeting. Then, the first county jail was built in 1868, a 12x14 building made of oak timbers. Now the Mayor is Sarah Carlson. She is in charge of keeping everything in order and fixing problems so that the county can run

Jobs and economy
Minnesota was primarily a producer of raw materials. Now, Minnesota's economy is based on products and services. The economy is diverse, with a gross product of $262 billion in 2008. In 2008, 33 of the US top 1,000 trade companies were based in MN, including Target, United Health Group, 3M, Medtronic, General Mills, US Bancorp, Ameriprise, Hormel, Land O' Lakes, SuperValu, Best Buy and Valspar. Private companies include Cargill, the largest privately owned company in the US, and Carlson Companies, the parent company of Radisson Hotel.

The per capita personal income in 2008 was $42,772, the tenth-highest in the nation.

As of November 2013, the state's unemployment rate is 4.8%.
The Northern Pike, known as a "Pike" in Ireland, Britain, Canada, and the US. Also a "Jackfish" or simply "Northern" in the northern half of the US. Northerns on average grow to about 28-47 inches. The Northern Pike gets its name from its resemblance to the pole weapon a pike.
Cat Fish are bottom feeders, they are also nocturnal (they sleep during the day and are awake at night). They are named for their "barbels" which resemble cats whiskers. Like cat's whiskers, they are feelers. It is extremely dark at the bottom of the lake, and since they are bottom feeders, they need these barbles to help them see and understand what is going on. Channel Cat fish can be distinguished by their 6 barbles.
Douglas County History
The American Pine Marten

The American Pine Marten is commonly found in the northern United States, including northern Minnesota. They live in trees and are better well known as Pine Marten or simply Marten. American Pine Marten are part of the Mustelidae family, along with fishers, otter, wolverine and weasel.

Alexandria Golf Club- 18 hole golf course (my favorite course in MN)

Atikwa- 18 hole Arrowood Resort golf course in Alexandria, phone (320)762-1124

Hardwood Hills- Originally opened in 2001 as "East Mill Nine Golf Course", until the Jost family bought it in 2009 and renamed it "Hardwood Hills." near Holmes City, phone (320)886-1400

Andes Tower Hills- Activities include Tubing, Nordic or Cross Country Skiing, and Down Hill Skiing.
4505 Andes Road, SW, Kensington. Phone- (320)965-2455

Holiday Inn- 5637 State Highway 29 S, Alexandria, MN Phone- (320)763-6577

Travellers Inn- A family owned restaurant on Broadway in Alexandria

Zorbaz- Pizzas, Tacos, Nachos and much more food.
Attraction's and Activities
Minnesota Mining
Minnesota's iron ore was discovered in the time of the gold rush, the iron was not gold, so it was ignored. They thought it had no value and did not know that iron ore would become more valuable in Northern Minnesota than gold itself.
In the beginning of the mining business, Minnesota was booming and the mines depended completely on work men digging out iron ore with shovels and separating the ore from rock with pic-axes. Horses and mules hauled all the iron ore out of the mine.
Many Miners were killed in mine accidents. The worst happened in 1924 on the Cuyuna range, 41 miners drowned in the mine, when a nearby lake broke through and filled the tunnels.
Minnesota is still mining iron ore in various locations. It is still a large and profitable industry.
Old-growth forests are rare and important, a nearly vanished piece of Minnesota's history and ecology. They are the remnants of the plant life that once covered 51% of the state's forested regions. Their harvest delivered immense wealth to individuals and the government, speeding the development of the state's early economy.

Old-growth forests can be compared to similar but harvested forests, and conclusions can be reached about the effect of harvest on soils, plant and animal life, the rate of tree growth, and many other parts of a forest.

In the beginning

In the very beginning, when settlers first started coming to the US, the demand for wood grew, until New England men began the lumbering business. First, in Ohio valley and Michigan, then to the forests of Minnesota and Wisconsin. Business kicked into gear!

In the 1860s, companies grew! Saw mills at St. Anthony Falls were created to process lumber from the Mississippi River Valley. These soon became the busiest mills in the state. The demand of lumber, just continued to grow and grow! As the demand grew so did ideas, leading too steam-powered mills, which worked faster and could be built anywhere. The demand for lumber increased even more.

In the 1880s, the forests of Michigan and Wisconsin gave out. The nation turned to Minnesota as its major supplier of wood, which was needed greatly due to houses being built everywhere across the country. New mills sprung up around the state, and technological advances—railroads to carry logs, larger sawmill engines, better saws—increased production again.

1890 to 1910 was the peak era of lumbering in Minnesota. Some 20,000 to 30,000 lumberjacks worked in the forests for many different companies. A similar number of men toiled in the sawmills, and another 20,000 worked in wood production factories. This was wonderful for everyone, because the people who moved to New England wanting a new start. They were often faced with poverty. All the demand for lumber created demand for work and many new jobs.

Each year, the state produced some 2.3 billion board feet of lumber, enough to build 600,000 homes. Minnesota lumber built cities all across the West.
Professional Services
Professional services require specific training in the arts or sciences. Some professional services require holding professional licenses.
Real Estate Agent
Present Day
Lumber Jacks!
The first permanent US settlement was at Fort Snelling, a military outpost established in 1819. When Minnesota became a state in 1858, its boundaries were cut back from the Missouri River to the Red River. Settlement was slow during the first half of the 19th century. Once the value of the forest lands and rich soils of Minnesota was realized, farmers and lumbermen from New England led the first large wave of permanent white settlers. In 1860, Minnesota was home to only 172,000 people, but the population increased rapidly, with most new arrivals moving to farms. The first major immigrant groups in the latter half of the 19th century were Germans, Swedes, and Norwegians. By 1870, the population had increased to 439,000, and by 1880 there were 92,386 farms in Minnesota. The most rapid period of settlement was during the 1880s when homesteaders rushed into western and southwestern Minnesota. During the same period, lumbering was at its peak and flour milling was becoming important
The Crops that are produced in Minnesota are:

1. Corn
2. Barley
3. Beans
4. Hay
5. Sugar beats
6. Wheat
7. Potatoes
8. Soybeans

These crops are farmed throughout Minnesota. Farming is a main part of the economy and brings in almost half of Minnesota's total income. The average Harvest season begins in October.
Field Corn
Green Beans
Sugar Beets
Potatoes or Spuds
There are many different kinds of mines in Minnesota including open pit and underground(we saw both kinds on our North East Minnesota trip last year). Another Mineral that is mined in Minnesota is Taconite.
Minnesota has so many places to go, some of the things that bring in the most tourism in Minnesota are...
Minnesota is known as the land of 10,000 lakes and for it's bitterly cold winters, but in the summer it is delightful and hot! The top 5 places you should visit while staying in Minnesota are:

Itasca State park, Minnesota's oldest state park, also marking the beginning of the Mississippi River.

The Boundary Waters, where you can camp and fish. It is most popular for it's rushing waters which make for excellent canoeing.

Mall of America, this mall is the second largest mall in all of the United States! However, it is by far the most popular. This mall is located in Bloomington Minnesota. The Mall of America is visited by millions of tourists each year.

Lake Minnetonka, this lake is huge 14,528 acres, including 125 miles of shore line. There is never a shortage of things you can do on Minnetonka: fish, camp, wakeboard, tube, water ski, knee board.

Gooseberry Falls is often visited by people from all arounf the world! This park includes 20 miles of hiking trails, 8 miles of mountain biking and also plenty of campsites to choose from.
Boundary Waters
Mall of America
Lake Minnetonka
Gooseberry Falls
Black Capped Chickadee
6 Birds of MN
Black Bear eating Berries in a tree
6 Animals of MN
Red Squirrel Chatter
White tail deer trotting
6 Fish of MN
Also known as Rock Perch, Red Eye, and Goggle Eye. The Rock Bass is in the Sun Fish family, highly common in Minnesota. They are extremely similar to the Smallmouth Bass, but are smaller in comparison. The Average Rock Bass is about 6-10 inches. Rock Bass rarely weigh over one pound. The Rock Bass is spread around the US in many different lakes, including the Great Lakes.
The Green Sunfish
The Green Sunfish is commonly found in Lake Superior.
Douglas County Home Page
Map Legend

Minnesota is a part of the Great Plains region. Plains cover Northern/Central Minnesota. Many of the plains were formed millions of years ago by glaciers. They are an flat dry grassy area with very few trees.
Minnesota Homepage
Zoos & Aquariums
Amusement Parks
Outdoor Snow Activities
Summer Activities
Wake Surfing
Water Skiing
Indoor Activities

Wine Tasting
Tour Amish Agriculture and Shops
The Minneapolis Art Institute
Children's Museum
Science Museum
Minnesota's Government
The State Governor is Mark Dayton.
The State Capitol was designed by Cass Gilbert. The cost to build the Capitol was 4.5 million dollars and it is the 2nd largest marble building in the world.
Minnesota Gained 2,600 more employed people in march!

Facts About Minnesota's Lakes
Minnesota has an overall total of 11,842 lakes
The top two most common lake names are; Long Lake, and Mud Lake
Over more than half of Minnesota's Lakes are infested by Zebra Muscles
Although Minnesota is nick named land of 10,000 lakes, Alaska has the most lakes of all the states.
Minnesota's Major Lakes are: Upper Red Lake, Lower Red Lake, Mille Lacs Lake, Rainy Lake, Vermillion, Winnebigoshish, and Lake Peppin.

Random Minnesota facts
The largest city is Minneapolis.
The population (as of 2013) is 5,420,380.
Name of resident - Minnesotan.
The highest point is Eagle Mt., 2,301 ft off the ground and 701m above sea level.
The Name Minnesota was given by the indians meaning, "cloudy water" or "sky water."
Facts of Minnesota
The Lumbering business has slowed down immensely, but is still happening. The demand for wood has slowed down. Previously, settlers were streaming in by the thousand! The more people coming to Minnesota, the more houses that needed to be built. However, Minnesota's population of immigrants has gone up in recent years and building has begun yet again.
My sister & I at Como town
Me riding a pony at the county fair, in second grade
Rock Climbing at the County Fair
My First Year of A.A.H.A hockey
Me golfing at the Alexandria Golf Course
My sisters and I are at the Como park zoo and conservatory
Golf- Alexandria Golf Course, Geneva, and hardwood hills, Atikwa, and Nordic Trails.
Skiing-Andes Tower Hills
Hotels- Holiday Inn, Super 8, AmericInn, and many more.
Resorts- Arrowood, Brophy Lake, Shady Lawn, Eden Acres, Resorts.
Snowmobiling- Garfield MN trails, Runestone Park.
Museum- Minnesota Lakes Maritime, Rune stone, Douglas County Historical Society, Minnesota, Stearns History Muesum
Casey's Amusement Park
Tubing and other Water Activities
Restaurants- Fat Daddy's, Doolittles, Zorbaz, Ruby Red Eye, Travellers Inn and many, many more.
County Fair
A.A.H.A- Alexandria Area Hockey
Blizzard Hockey
Blue Anchors
City Park
Me with my grandparents at City Park
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