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CMIN 301 (Sp '15) T15 - Preaching Letters

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by

Hartmut Scherer

on 3 March 2015

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Transcript of CMIN 301 (Sp '15) T15 - Preaching Letters

3a – Cross the river by deter-
mining the theological
principle (CIS)
Five Steps of the Interpretive Journey
1 – Determine the
meaning

of the text in
their town
2 – Measuring the Width
of the River
5 – Apply the theological principle (CIS) to
individual Christians today
- read the whole letter
What is different or similar between the biblical audience and us?
What is the theological principle in
this text
or in the
immediate context
? -> Validate!
a) Identify
key elements
Preaching Letters
Characteristics of NT letters
Authoritative substitutes
for the author's personal presence
Situational
– addressed specific situations or problems
Meant to be
read aloud again
and again to the church
Look for
interpretive clues
in the
beginning
of the letter
#1
#2
#3
#4
- figure out the original
situation (
historial
cultural context
)
-
literary context
b) Think of a
parallel situation
today that
includes all key elements
c) Application should be
faithful
to the
meaning of the text and
relevant
to the
contemporary audience
Sermon keys
Recreate the
historical situation

Clarify the
thought flow

Remember: You & the audience
received the letter

Pitfalls to avoid
Ignoring
historical-cultural and/or literary
context
Common fallacies in
word studies
Always call for
action application
English-only fallacy
Root fallacy
Time-frame fallacy
More fallacies in
word studies
Overload fallacy
Word-count fallacy
Word-concept fallacy
Selective-evidence fallacy
4 – Consult the Biblical Map
How does the theological principle fit with the rest of the Bible?
3a – Cross the river by deter-
mining the theological
principle (CIS)
1 – Determine the
meaning

of the text in
their town
2 – Measuring the Width
of the River
5 – Apply the theological principle (CIS) to
individual Christians today
What is different or similar between the biblical audience and us?
4 – Consult the Biblical Map
How does the theological principle fit with the rest of the Bible?
Class Exercise: Phil 4:13
I can do everything through him who gives me strength.
*Exercise taken from Duvall and Hays, "Grasping God's Word," 215-219.
*
Phil 4:13:
Paul told the Philippians that he had learned to be content in a variety of difficult circumstances through Christ, who gives him strength.
Summarize the historical-cultural and literary context of Phil 4:13
Phil 4:13:
Paul is an imprisoned apostle. We are not. Neither are we members of the Philippian church.
But we are members of Christ’s body, the church, and we are under the same covenant.
In addition, many of us experience difficult situations as we seek to live out our faith. The river is narrow.
Phil 4:13:
Believers can learn to be content in a variety of circumstances through Christ, who gives them strength.
Or:
Christ will give believers strength to be content in a variety of trying circumstances that come as a result of following him faithfully.
a) Does the author state
a principle?
b) Does the broader
context reveal a
principle?
c) Why was a particular
command given?
When we look at the theological principle above, it seems to fit well with the rest of Scripture. The principle is general enough not to contradict the clear teaching of the rest of the Bible.
Phil 4:13:
Element 1 – A Christian (Paul)
Element 2 – A Christian who is experiencing a variety of trying
circumstances as a result of following Christ faithfully
Element 3 – Christ will give the Christian strength to endure
whatever the circumstances
a) Identify
key elements
b) Think of a
parallel situation
today
that includes all key elements
c) Application should be
faithful
to the
meaning of the text and
relevant
to the
contemporary audience
(Hand out 2 real-world scenarios, GGW 219)
Full transcript