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Igbo Culture-Music and Dance

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Dustin Miller

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Igbo Culture-Music and Dance

Dustin Miller
Music 211
Final Presentation Igbo Culture:
Music and Dance Dance Tribal dancing is the earliest form of dance, and it started in Africa.
The newest form of dance, hip-hop is most influenced by the oldest form, Tribal African Dancing.
Early clans of people each developed the own special style to the traditional movements.
Dance was used in important ceremonies and rituals as well as for recreation. History Nigerian Dance Like other forms of dance tribal dancing follows music.
The music is often provided through drums, flutes, gongs, and singers.
Different rhythms in the music signal different movements to the dancers.
Their are specific dances for men and women for special occasions such as war or weddings. How It Works Music Traditional Music Nigeria is known as "the heart of African music". Traditional Nigerian music often has an upbeat rhythm which is accompanied with lyrics of a moral or story . They create this by using an array of different drums and percussion instruments. The audience is often involved with the music by dancing and singing to the song. Lively music is often played at traditional weddings to celebrate the courtship. Even though the British colonized Nigeria and developed their own church, many Western churches introduced African music and tradition to their Masses. People in eastern Nigeria believed that the more music that is played, along with dancing, would better the chances of the deceased to have a successful afterlife. Furthermore, they used music to enhance celebrations, bring out the spiritual aspect during religious ceremonies and pleasure. Types of Music Highlife popular in the early 1950s
heavily influenced by Western Culture
sounds like Africanized version of American big band or ballroom music
Most popular highlife performers: Ghanaian E. T. Mensah, Bobby Benson & His Combo, Jim Lawson & the Mayor's Dance Band, Rocafil Jazz and Prince Nico Mbarga Afro-beat combines African rhythms and melodies with jazz and soul
has elements of American funk music, highlife, jazz, and other styles of West African music
Best-known artists: Fela Kuti, Kola Ogunkoya, Sonny Okosun, Tony Allen Palm wine got name from the palm wine saloons
fast-paced, frenzied rhythms which reflects the nature of the bars
influences: soukous and highlife
Popular Artists: Ebenezar Calendar & His Maringar Band, S. E. Rogie, Daniel Amponsah, Abdul Tee-Jay, Super Combo Juju most popular
uses traditional drums and percussion instruments to back up voals and complicated guitar work
Popular artist: King Sunny Ade, Ebenezer Obey, and Shina Peters Instruments Drums Pottery Drum Other names: Kim-Kim or Udo
dumb-bell shaped
27-29cm in height
opening of 8-9 cm
produces a bass sound
a percussion instrument In order to create high and low sounds, the amount of water can be changed. The musician creates sound by cupping his or her hand and beating the opening very rapidly. Talking Drum Other names: Nkwa, Egwe, Egede
Sound: tonal, syncopated

Hourglass shaped, used to send complex messages over long distances. Focuses on the tone and inflections of a word rather than the sounds created by vowels.

Size differs from culture to culture. Other names: ekwe
Made from a hollowed out palm, bamboo, or pear tree trunk. Horizontal slits are then carved into the base, along with a narrow slit that connects the two. It is played with a wooden drum stick that strikes the created tongue.
Uses: signaling emergency, community meetings, warning the villagers of intruders. Slit Drum Bell Flute Usually made of iron. The gong has an elliptical shaped rim and tapering to its handle. It makes sound by being hit by a stick to produce different tunes.
It used to compliment drums and percussion instruments and useful for dancers to time their steps. A piece of wood designed with a cavity inside, a top with a wide opening, a small hole of the bottom and two smaller holes on opposite sides near the top. The top wide opening is big enough to fit a human lower lip. It makes sound when the player blows through the wide opening while placing his thumb and ring fingers on the two smallest holes. It is also sometimes played solo. Odumodu originated by the Ohuhu people
sung by mature men
Uses many traditional Igbo instruments
vocals are from a man that is backed up with instruments, such as the udu and ekwe
Artists: Obewe, Prince Ogewanne Ogene Oja The End
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