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Caroline Bennett

on 14 December 2013

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Transcript of NAACP


for the


Is it involved in litigation
(court cases)? Give details.
The NAACP has been very involved in court cases
throughout history to promote civil rights. Although many of
these cases occurred in the twentieth century, the NAACP is
still actively involved in influencing current court cases. For
example, the NAACP is still keeping pressure up on the Trayvon
Martin Case. The group has compiled approximately one million
signatures to send to the Department of Justice to convince it to
pursue charges against George Zimmerman for infringing on Trayvon
Martin's rights. The NAACP is also protesting against the "Stand Your
Ground Laws" because they generate more hate crimes and homicides.
Which parts of the government does the NAACP target?
The NAACP targets the legislative and executive branches of government for consideration on civil rights problems. They have been very successful in doing so over the years. The NAACP lobbied Congress members and the President through letters and phone calls. This, in combination with boycotts and sit-in, created a nationwide audience to the Jim Crow South. The NAACP's advocacy measures could not be ignored. President Lyndon B. Johnson was ultimately pressured into convincing Congress
to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the
Voting Rights Act of 1965.
How does the NAACP Influence Policy and the Public Agenda
What are the issues the NAACP is concerned with?
Contrary to common belief, The NAACP strives to gain justice for all Americans. It is not simply a group to help advance blacks, but rather all disadvantaged groups of people.The NAACP looks for negative trends that effect disadvantaged groups of people and use the legal system to fight for justice and equal rights. The main issues the organization advocates for are media diversity to prevent negative portrayals of colored people, climate justice (because climate changes have devastated colored communities), economic opportunity and justice, health programs, education opportunities, and
civic engagement to increase awareness,
participation, and equality in the
electoral process.
What are some examples
of legislation The NAACP supports
or opposes?
The NAACP supports gun control laws, clean air
laws and pollution controls. The NAACP opposes "a la
carte" which would require cable and satellite companies to
to provide customers TV channels on a "price per channel"
basis, which would have an economically negative effect on
colored people.
What actions does The NAACP take to try and influence policy and the public agenda?
The NAACP partakes in lobbying Congress for bills they want passed. They also use their prominent history and reputation to
push their ideas into the media.

Guinn v. United States (1915)
The supreme court banned the "grandfather
clause" in Oklahoma's Voter Registration Act of
1910 because it violated the Fifteenth Amendment since it was discriminating against blacks. This was the first successful case for the NAACP.
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
The most prominent court case of The NAACP was Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. This was a major success for the NAACP because it overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision and deemed "separate but equal" unconstitutional. The decision put an end to government enforced segregation in the public school system, signifying the beginning of integration in public schools.
Resources that Make the NAACP Influential:

Extensive Membership
Financial Resources
Prestige and Historical Record
Prominent Civil Rights Leaders
The NAACP was founded over 100 years ago. In that time it has made significant Civil Rights victories, with figures such as MLK, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Senator John Lewis leading efforts. These factors have enabled the NAACP to lobby members of Congress for important matters and voting consideration. Sometimes, they are able to influence Congressional voting by encouraging members to vote for/against certain candidates. Also, because the organization is so historically successful and well-known, the media cannot ignore it, which forces Congress to recognize their concerns.
NAACP v. Alabama (1956)
Alabama ordered a copy of the members of the NAACP's membership list in an attempt to expel the NAACP from the state for allegedly breaking a state business law. The Supreme Court ruled that a Civil Rights group has the right to keep its members' identities a secret, whether it had broken a law or not. This case proved to be
a "win" for those who value privacy.
Political Efforts
NAACP Mission Statement:
"The mission of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate race-based discrimination."
What is the group's political ideology?
The NAACP has a liberal ideology.

Does the NAACP favor one political party
over the other?
The NAACP claims to be a non-partisan civil rights organization. However, it has been confirmed that the group has a bias towards the Democratic Party.
If so, does it have a history of supporting
certain political candidates?
The NAACP has a history of supporting democratic candidates,
including FDR, Lydon B. Johnson, and Barack Obama.
What is it doing to support its favored candidates?
What endorsements has it made?
The NAACP attends conventions for the candidates, provides financial contributions, and votes for the
candidates it supports.
The NAACP can not endorse a
presidential candidate.
Overall Assessment
What are The NAACP's strengths
and weaknesses?
well-known; has been established for over 100 years
Has a large number of members; easier to establish new locations and influence people
Has vast financial resources
Prominent public figures as leaders
Bureaucratic structure allows members to reflect on past policies to make easier, better decisions
Influence as a national pressure group has decreased in the last 30 years
Since the 1970's, The NAACP seems to have "lost its vision" according to Dianne Pinderhughes
Internal power struggle and scandal
Divide within the association-it's dominated by middle-aged or "upper class" blacks, isolating low income blacks.
Large number of members impedes the group's ability to make quick adjustments
How effective is the NAACP
in achieving its goals?
Overall, the NAACP has been very effective in achieving its agenda. The major civil rights issues they were fighting for in the past have been accomplished. They were able to help eliminate the Grandfather Clause, integrate public schools through Brown v. Board of Education, and persuade President LBJ and Congress to pass The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and The Voter's Rights Act of
1965, and integrate the armed forces. However,
after the Civil Rights Movement ended
(1970s) this effectiveness has declined
and The NAACP has not made as
many significant advances in
civil rights.
The Future of The NAACP:
Young People
Leaders of The NAACP recognize the
importance of engaging young people in the organization. The following measures have been
taken to introduce young people to the group.
Luncheons led by community activists to educate young people about The NAACP
Students were allowed to volunteer as ushers at a black tie affair to mingle with the diverse NAACP people
NAACP Student Branches were formed at local high schools
Facebook page and e-mailed newsletters
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