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Medellin Cartel

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by

Emma Li

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Medellin Cartel

Medellin Cartel Illegal Activities The Medellín Cartel is said to have controlled roughly eighty percent of the shipments that entered into the United States, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic with shipments brought mostly from Peru and Bolivia, as Colombian coca was initially of substandard quality. Geographic areas under their control The cartel's violence earned it the enmity of the Colombian and U.S. governments in addition to that of its rival Cali Cartel.

Many members of the cartel, including Pablo Escobar, were hunted and killed by a National Police of Colombia force, the Search Bloc, which had been trained and assisted by both the U.S. Delta Force as well as the CIA. Escobar's cartel associates were also targeted by the Los Pepes vigilante group.

DEA Agents considered that their four-pronged 'Kingpin Strategy', specifically targeting senior cartel figures, was a major contributing factor to the collapse of the organization. The End of the Cartel HISTORY The Medellín Cartel was an organized network of drug suppliers and smugglers originating in the city of Medellín, Colombia. The drug cartel operated in Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Honduras, the United States, as well as Canada and Europe throughout the 1970s and 1980s. It was founded and run by Ochoa Vázquez brothers Jorge Luis, Juan David, and Fabio together with Pablo Escobar.

By 1993, the Colombian government, in collaboration with the Cali cartel, right-wing paramilitary groups, and the United States government, had successfully dismantled the cartel by imprisoning or assassinating its members. Founders Jorge Luis Ochoa Vásquez juan david ochoa vásquez Fabio Ochoa Vásquez Pablo Escobar Other Main Leader José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha a Colombian drug lord co-founder a marijuana smuggler Carlos Lehder gave them the idea of flying cocaine in airplanes, rather than transporting endlessly in small suitcases. The large market in the United States brought astounding profits, and it is estimated that during the peak of its operations, the Medellin Cartel made over sixty million dollars per day. Other activity's included Drug trafficking, money laundering, assassinations, bombing, extortion, bribery, kidnapping, murder, political corruption, arms trafficking, racketeering, terrorism. Escobar's product reached many other nations, mostly around the Americas, although it is said that his network reached as far as Asia. Drug Kingpin T-Shirts Send Wrong Message in Mexico Main rival gang The Cartel de Medellín was also involved in a deadly drug war with its primary rival, the Cartel de Cali, for most of its existence. It is sometimes alleged that Escobar backed the 1985 storming of the Colombian Supreme Court by left-wing guerrillas from the 19th of April Movement, also known as M-19, which resulted in the murder of half the judges on the court. Drug wars haunt Colombian As a means of intimidation, the cartel conducted several hundred assassinations throughout the country. Escobar and his associates made it clear that whoever stood against them would risk being killed along with his/her families. Some estimates put the total around 3,500 killed during the height of the cartel, including over 500 police officers in Medellín, but the entire list is impossible to assemble, due to the limitation of the judiciary power in Colombia. The following is a brief list of the most notorious assassinations conducted by the cartel:

- Luis Vasco and Gilberto Hernandez, two DAS agents
-Rodrigo Lara Bonilla, Minister of Justice,
-Tulio Manuel Castro Gil, Superior Judge
- Enrique Camarena,DEA Agent
- Hernando Baquero Borda, Supreme Court Justice,
- Jaime Ramírez, Police Colonel and head of the anti-narcotics unit of the National Police of Colombia
-Guillermo Cano Isaza, director of El Espectador
-Jaime Pardo Leal, presidential candidate and head of the Patriotic Union party
-Carlos Mauro Hoyos, Attorney General
-Antonio Roldan Betancur, governor of Antioquia,
-Valdemar Franklin Quintero,
- Luis Carlos Galán, presidential candidate
- Carlos Ernesto Valencia, Superior Judge,
-Jorge Enrique Pulido, journalist
-Diana Turbay, journalist
-Enrique Low Murtra, Minister of Justice
-Myriam Rocio Velez, Superior Judge2 Assassinations References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medell%C3%ADn_Cartel http://www.medellintraveler.com/escobar.html http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/colombia/Colombian-Drug-Cartels/5065 Thank you for watching:) Emma Li
Cassandra Seidel https://www.google.ca/search?num=10&hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1368&bih=600&q=medellin+cartel&oq=mede The death of Pablo Escobar was the beginning of the end for the infamous Medellin Cartel The death of Pablo Escobar was the beginning of the end for the infamous Medellin Cartel http://www.medellintraveler.com/escobar.html Leader Pablo Escobar was born in 1949, the son of a peasant farmer and a school teacher. His criminal life began as a teenage car thief in the streets of Medellín. It has been reported that early in his criminal career he allegedly stole headstones from graveyards and re-sold them in other villages of Antioquia as well as selling them to smugglers from Panama.
His reputation grew after a well known Medellín dealer named Fabio Restrepo was murdered in 1975 ostensibly by Escobar, from whom he had purchased 14 kilos. Afterwards, all of Restrepo's men were informed that they now worked for Pablo Escobar. Criminal Life Grade 10 Graffiti Origins of Medellin Cartel
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