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The Central Nervous System

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rdonati rdonati

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of The Central Nervous System

Breaking (your spine)
Spinal Stenosis
Degenerative Disc Disease
Diseases and Injuries to the Spinal Cord
The Central Nervous System
The Cerebellum
The cerebellum the the second largest part of the brain.

Responsible For:
- Posture - Hand-eye coordination
- Balance

Without the cerebellum, you wouldn't be able to play sports like tennis, baseball, etc.
1. Mayo Clinic Staff, Mayo Clinic, October 22, 2011, Website, September 5, 2013




Bronson, Mary H., and Don Merki. "Skeletal, Muscular, and Nervous Systems." Glencoe health. 9th ed. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2005. 392-399. Print.
The Cerebellum
The Functions of the Nervous System
The function of the central nervous system is to communicate messages from your brain to the rest of your body. The central nervous system can also store information and it coordinates all activities that your body performs.
What Is Included in the Central Nervous System?
The central nervous system includes the brain and the spinal cord.
What's the biggest part of the brain?
Strokes - Fairly common cause of frontal lobe damage in older adults. They occur due to blockage of blood flow to the brain or through a blood vessel rupture.
Concussions- The most common traumatic brain injury, often will occur again after the first occurs.
Alzheimers- The most common form of dementia, is not cureable. Symptoms include mood swings and long-term memory loss.
Bi-polar Disorder- A mood disorder in which individuals switch between moods of extreme happiness and depression
Anxiety Disorders- Diffrent phobias and disorders that interfere with regular functioning of the brain.
Schizophrenia- A disorder in which the brain begins to 'break down'. Symptoms include, hallucinations, and disorganized speech and thoughts.
Eating Disorders- Include Anorexia and Boulimia Nervosa
Tourettes- An inherited disorder that is classified by multiple physical tics and at least a single vocal tic.
Personality Disorders- A number of diffrent disorders that can be classified as 'emotional' or 'dramatic'. Includes being anti-social, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and adjustment disorders.
Diseases and Injuries to the Brain
The Different Parts of the Cerebrum
The Frontal Lobe: The Optical Lobe:
-Short Term Memory - Vision
- Reward/Attention -Color Perception
-Planning Parietal Lobe:
-Motivation - Sensory (Touch)
The Temporal Lobe:
-Visual Memories

How to Prevent Injuries to the Spinal Cord
Drive safely on the road:
ALWAYS drive with your seat belt on and do not drink and drive. Car crashes are a very common way to injure your spinal cord.
Be careful when diving/jumping into a pool
: If you decide to ever jump or dive into a pool, ALWAYS check the depth of the water. You should NEVER jump into water that is less than nine feet deep or that you do not know the depth of.
Prevent falls:
Be careful when reaching up to a high place that you cannot reach.
How to Prevent Injuries to the Brain
Make Sure to always wear a helmet when riding bikes, playing football, playing baseball, etc.
Make sure to stay hydrated. Water cushions your brain and can help prevent headaches.
Avoid trauma to the head because this can shake your brain and cause it to hit your skull.
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