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Soil Erosion in the Philippines

Soil erosion in the Philippines is very bad. People are getting killed, but the sad part is that people are mostly causing it. They are cutting down the trees.
by

Rachel Soetarman

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Soil Erosion in the Philippines

During our interview my group learned that our problem would mostly be solved if we plant more trees so I reached what kind of trees to plant, care for, and how to protect the trees. Tropical trees like palm and fruit trees are popular. Fruit trees and palm oil trees have the advantage of producing fruit and providing natural oil commonly used in food. Lots of heat will be good for growing the trees. Drainage systems will also be necessary for the healthy growth of the plants. We will probably need something to kick start the soil, so to speak. We will need to add some natural fertilizer for the first few crops. Ideate During our interview we also learned that people are mostly doing Slash and Burn to earn money. If we could generate other jobs for the people in the Philippines to do, and get them to stop doing Slash and Burn, it may help the forest survive. After school we made a replica of the forest erosion. We created a trough of dirt and trees, and used our materials to show our solution to the problem. Our solution was to use sandbags to change the path of the water flow, and from there the water goes to an irrigation system under a road, and to the crops on the other side of the landslide hazard area. After creating the prototype, we tried it out, and it worked!! The prototype that we made is a hypothetical solution to the Philippine's problem. By: Emma, Rachel, Rachel and Samantha Soil Erosion in the Philippines Deep Dive Test and Next Steps Soil erosion is occurring in the Philippines when people are "Slashing and Burning". When the rain hits the trees it lands softly on the soil. Without any trees the impact on the soil is larger. Then since it is impacting the soil hard, it causes landslides. Define One idea is that we build a roof made of material like a sponge. Some of the water will seep through and the ground will be moist, BUT the water will not impact the soil so hard. The access water will fall to crops or wells for other uses. This will hopefully be a low cost project. Idea by Rachel
Another idea is to make the soil fertile. To make the soil fertile, we add manure. Farmers should also let crops die once a year or every two years to keep the soil fertile. Idea by Samantha
Creating posters to help people realize what the people are doing to the trees in the forest would help as well.
Planting trees will greatly impact the forests. One way it will help is that there will be a forest again. Another is that it will make the impact of the water not be as hard as when there are no trees.
Posters could be placed, rewards could be enforced, and the President could give speeches on the madder. If we are going to solve this problem we will need help from trees and people in the United States of America and the people and government of the Philippines.
These ideas are a low cost project, for a poor country. If these work the forest may once thrive again. Ideate Prototype We believe that the test was a success and after some gluing and additions of waterproof materials with holes in it, two funnels, and a "well" we perfected our prototype. We were afraid the the sponge would get over saturated and water would come down more heavily, so we added the fabric with holes in it. The funnels and well were added to catch the extra water and repurpose it. We also realized that the trees would not get a lot of sunlight around noon when the sun is directly above the sponge and that may be an issue. To fix this problem we could use plastic with holes in it, and another piece of plastic under it with smaller holes than the piece of plastic above it and another piece of plastic under all of those with tiny holes. This will still help water make the impact to the water smaller and sunlight will still go through! Take a journey through the forests of Philippines and see whats happening. Slash and Burn is happening mostly to gain money. Philippines is one of the
poorest countries in the world. The Philippines has well-paved roads, skyscrapers, cars, cellphones, laptops, businesses, highways, plantations, modern airports,
world-class theme parks, and the world's largest malls.
The most applied jobs in the Philippines are:
1. Technical Support Staff.
2. Call Center Agents.
3. Customer Service Assistants
The Philippines are just like any other country. They trade taxes. Everything
that goes inside Philippines or out of the Philippines is taxed. Tax will go to the
government.
Examples:
1. Cars from other countries
2. Food products that Philippines is selling to other countries
3. Labor tax: If an office worker earns $500/month, in a company part of it will be taxed and will go to the government
so if you are working in Philippines and your employer tells you can earn $500.. expect part of it maybe 10%
would go to the Philippine government
4. Goods tax: In Philippines every goods like products consumable, drinks, food.
5. Airport tax.. the Airports are mostly owned by the government each time you use the Airport you pay $9 or $10 and that money goes to the government.
6. Seaport tax.. every time you use seaports you pay
7. Enterprise tax.. every businesses or company in Philippines has income tax.. if a Company lets
say earns $1 million then part of that will go to the Philippine government depending on
their rules In the Philippines, dangerous floods are occurring. I have done some research to figure out why this is it is happening and how bad the effects are.
These floods are happening because of many reasons. One of the many reasons the floods occur is that squatters are obstructing the flow of the waterways and rivers. They build their shacks near the rivers and sometimes across them. This, obviously, blocks the water in the river from flowing and the river has to flood. Another way the floods happen is people in the Philippines are doing Slash and Burn to the rainforests. Slash and Burn is when people cut trees down and then burn it. This causes the soil to get over saturated because the trees aren’t there to act as a natural tent. When the soil becomes over saturated enough, it floods.
The last, and most natural way is flooding during storm/monsoon season
The damage of these floods are many and very dangerous. When the floods hit bridges and buildings, it destroys them. Buildings, if not barricaded properly, will be obliterated. The sheer power of these floods is amazing and horrifying. Flooding in the Philippines not only decimates buildings and bridges, it plows through crops, uplifting them and wrecks fishponds.
In total, these floods in the Philippines are havinga bad effect on the environment and need to be stopped. Barricading and stopping Slash and Burn are hypothetical solutions, that if acted on, will take time, but eventually stop some of the problems regarding floods in this area. Landslides-The sliding down of a mass of earth or rock from a mountain or cliff.
Soil erosion-the washing away of soil by the flow of water.
Deforestation-the state of being clear of trees
Biodiversity loss-Loss of biomass and biological diversity in an environment.
Slashing and Burning-Slash-and-burn is an agricultural technique which involves cutting and burning of forests or woodlands to create fields.
Erosion-The process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents. We learned a lot from the interview. For one thing, we learned During our interview my group learned that our problem would mostly be
solved if we plant more trees so I reached what kind of trees to plant, care for,
and how to protect the trees. Tropical trees like palm and fruit trees are popular.
Fruit trees and palm oil trees have the advantage of producing fruit and providing Materials: Drainage systems will also be necessary for the healthy growth of the plants. We will probably need something to kick start the soil, so to speak. National Geographic says "'We will need to add some natural fertilizer for the first few crops." We were informed By Mr. Baker that a good way to help replenish the soil is to rotate crops. The first step in saving the trees start with the government. The people in power need to take charge by issuing laws and convincing it’s people to take a stand. Some governments are already enforcing laws that seem like they will help; unfortunately, only time will tell how well these new laws will be enforced. The second part will be a lot harder to do. Advertising and reinforcement should be provided by the government. Posters could be placed, rewards could be enforced, and the President could give speeches on the madder. If we are going to solve this problem we will need help from trees and people in the United States of America and the people and government of the Philippines. that most of the negative things people are doing are for
money and that we could help, if not stop, there negative actions by giving reasons for doing other, more beneficial jobs then they are now. Also, doing things like selectively logging, placing law, and offering new job suggestions would help.
My group had an idea for some kind of irrigation systems to water plants from above. We learned that (one) the Philippians are so most that making a cement or plaster irrigation system wouldn’t be necessary and that (two) plaster wouldn’t hold up to the Philippines moist climate. We also confirmed that planting trees is probably the best thing to do in our case. Some of the sientes suggested, for other groups, to widen rivers and do things to slow down the water. They could use certain materials to make blockades and nets to stop, trap, and slow down the water. So, in conclusion, the interview was extremely useful and possibly vital for us to continue. We were informed that a good way to help replenish the soil is to rotate crops. The first step in saving the trees start with the government. The people in power need to take charge by issuing laws and convincing it’s people to take a stand. If we are going to solve this problem we will need help from trees and people in the United States of America and the people and government of the Philippines. Some governments are already enforcing laws that seem like they will help; unfortunately, only time will tell how well these new laws will be enforced. The second part will be a lot harder to do. Advertising and reinforcement should be provided by the government. Posters could be placed, rewards could be enforced, and the President could give speeches on the madder. Video Sent to Ms. Biddy
When my group interviewed the geologists, we learned many things, like that the Philippines are overpopulated and one way to earn a living is to do “Slash and Burn”. These people do not care about the forests as long as they are making money. The Philippines are also overpopulated. Replanting will also help the amount of soil erosion from happening. Philippines is one of the worst places where slashing and burning is happening. If the people received a grant, and used that to plant trees, it would help. In other places, when the trees are being cut down, an area of trees are left behind, and new trees are planted in their place. If the Philippines would do that, then maybe they would be in a better position than now.
Some solutions that were suggested were:

Fix the population
Create a grant so the people could buy seedlings and replant trees
Create other livings/ jobs for people to earn money
Place a type of special fabric on the soil so when the rain hits the soil, it doesn’t hit as hard.

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