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Leukemia

Medical Rounds Presentation
by

Ram Dhillon

on 8 March 2013

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Transcript of Leukemia

A-M N-Z Leukemia Patient #43206 Family History He has no other siblings
There is no other history of ALL(acute lymphoblastic leukemia Experiencing pain in his bones & joints
Unexplained fever
Major weight loss/lost appetite
Unexplained bruises
Experiencing weakness 24/7
Trouble breathing organs & organ systems related treatment options Chemotherapy(Standard first treatment)
is a drug treatment, it interferes with the cancer cells ability to grow and mutate, it kills the leukemia cells
receive medication orally(pill or liquid to shallow) or they can have it injected(muscle or bloodstream)
side effects: usually very effective in treating ALL
hair loss
weakness Tests used in diagnosis Patient Info Complaints & Symptoms Medical Rounds Presentation Patient #43206 Name:Leo Anderson
Age:4 years
Sex:Male description of diagnosis ALL(Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia)is a type of leukemia, in which white blood cells are produced who do not fight infection, these are abnormal cells that rapidly reproduce causing a crowded bone marrow. Acute Of short duration, but severe Lymphoblastic immature lymphocyte a lymphocyte is a small variation of a white blood cell(leukocyte), with one round nucleus A white blood cell or a leukocyte Leukemia Leukemia is a type of blood cancer. It develops in the bone marrow. Radiation Therapy
uses high energy rays to kill/damage cancer cells
this type of treatment is rarely given to a child Sanctuary Therapy
treats the leukemia that might be hiding the the brain and/or the spinal fluid
intrathecal chemotherapy- chemotherapy drugs deliver directly to the spinal fluid
cranial radiation- radiation treatment to the head to kill any leukemia cells that may have been hiding there Circulatory System- since leukemia is a cancer in the bone marrow, it creates abnormal white blood cells, and crowds the bone marrow, disabling the healthy cells from doing their jobs Immune System- the white blood cells can't fight diseases because of the crowded bone marrow Complete Blood Count(CBC)-a CBC is a blood test that measures the number & type of blood cells in your blood
presence of blast cells-immature cells that are not circulating blood
too many white abnormal blood cells; not enough red Bone marrow aspiration & biopsy
needle is used to get an example of the bone marrow(from the hip)
leukemia cells found X-ray
determines whether or not the cancer has spread to other organs
in ALL, you look for mass in the chest
reason for his breathing problems Leukemia's most often occur out of nowhere
Occurs usually over a short period of time to weeks
You cannot prevent leukemia
ALL accounts for 80% of child leukemia's Works cited "Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia." Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2013. <http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site759/mainpageS759P0.html>.
"Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment." National Cancer Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/childALL/Patient/page4>.
"General Information About Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia." National Cancer Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Mar. 2013. <http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/childALL/Patient/page1>.
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