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Israel and Palestine Conflict

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by

Emily Kaestner

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of Israel and Palestine Conflict

Israel and Palestine Conflict
By: Trevor Steinbring, Emily Kaestner, Jake Sandoval, and Michelle Franks
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
The War
1948-1949
May 14, 1948 Jewish People’s Council gathered and established a Jewish state in Eretz Israel
End of British Mandate in Palestine
May 15, 1948 United States under President Truman acknowledged the State of Israel as an independent republic
Violence between the Israel Defense Forces and the military Jewish group (Irgun) caused disbandment of the Irgun, Lehi, and all other groups
Palestinians start many riots, raids, and fights
1949 Armistice Agreements
Agreements between Israel and surrounding countries
Ended the hostilities of the Arab-Israeli war
The Gaza Strip came under Palestinian control
The West Bank under Jordan control
Many violations of force making the Agreement unsuccessful
U.S. Involvement
Allies with Israel
Gives U.S. control in the Middle

East
Provides more oil resources
Israel receives security and funding
Presidents such as George

W. Bush have attempted bringing peace, but nobody has been able to
U.S. acts as mediator to limit the tension in the Middle East
Rough Road to Peace
1994-Present
Recap
Background
Israel located in the Middle East
Mandatory Palestine under British rule
Jewish immigrants move to Palestine
Zionist movement to reclaim homeland
Holocaust causes more Jews to come
Arab-Israeli War
1964 - 1973
1964 - Palestinian Liberation Organization is formed
1967 - Arab-Israeli War
Cease-fire after 6

days
Israel gains the Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
1969 - Fighting between Israel and Egypt continue with no victory for either side
1973 - Syria and Egypt attack Israel on Yom Kippour and many other Arab countries joined them
President Nixon supports Israel with weapons
Closer to Peace
1974 - 1982
Arab terrorist attacks on Israeli citizens
Refrigerator bomb
Explosives near malls
Jan. 1977 - Israeli agents kill Mahmoud Saleh, a PLO representative
Nov. 1977 -

Anwar Sadat visits Jerusalem to discuss a peace agreement
1978 - UN creates a peacekeeping force (UNIFIL) after fighting between Israel and Lebanon
1979 - Israel signs peace treaty with Egypt formally ending the war
1982 - Egypt receives Sinai from Israel
The Intifada
1987-1993
Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and West Bank riot against Israel
Fighting back and forth between Palestinians and Israelis
20,000 killed during fighting
1993 - Yasir Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin sign the Declaration of Principles
Peace and security for the State of Israel
Limited power given to the PLO
1994 - Rabin signs peace treaty with Jordan
1995 - Rabin assassinated by a Jewish extremist
2000 - Camp David Summit between Israel's prime minister and Yasser Arafat
Unable to reach a final status agreement
A second uprising (intifada) of Palestinians leads to more violence and no attempts at peace work
Gaza Conflict
Israel leaves Gaza under Hamas control
Palestinians begin attacking Israel
Continued violence
Israel Today
Rabin
Arafat
Full transcript