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History, symptoms, Prognosis, and more!

Keishla Velez

on 21 February 2013

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Transcript of Meningitis

By: Keaton, Tori, Keishla, and Miho Facts and Trivia! History Meningitis started in Geneva during 1805. It was discovered in 1882 and finally was identified as Meningitis in 1887. Anton Vaykse Baum described Meningococcal bacteria in the same year. The first outbreak was described in 1840, in Africa. The disease became common in the 20th century. In the 1980's it killed 80% of the infected population. Symptoms Contraction A person can contract Meningitis by enteroviruses or if you have close contact with a person who is coughing or sneezing. Also if you have skull fractures, bacteria entering your blood, mumps, measles, and influenza can lead to Meningitis too. LCMV (Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus) is spread by rodents, which can also cause Meningitis. An infected vector, such as a mosquito, can be the cause of different types of Meningitis. People have created treatments for many types of Meningitis. However, some forms of meningitis are still on the increase, particularly in developing countries. Scientists estimate that if vaccine coverage could be increased to 90% worldwide, then the lives of 7.6 million children younger than 5 years old could be saved between 2010 and 2019. In the next few years,the World Health Organization (WHO) plan to bring the MenAfriVac vaccine to more than 300 million children and adults, ages 1 through 29, in 25 countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The vaccine will quickly reduce the transmission of meningococcal bacteria and create an extreme drop in illness and death rates from meningitis A. Prognosis and Time Length of Meningitis Prognosis:
For new-born the risk of death with treatment is 20 to 30%.
For older children death risk is around 2% with treatment.
For adults, death risk is higher even with treatment, at 19 to 37%. Many adults may go on to develop disabilities such as deafness (14%) and memory loss (10%).
Infants younger than 1 month old and people with weak immune systems have higher risks for severe infections.
The disease can affect anyone. Prevention, Vaccines, and Antibiotics Prevention:
To prevent Meningitis, wash hands or clean surfaces with bacteria (door knobs, remote, etc.) frequently. Get vaccines against measles, mumps, and chickenpox and get rid of any rodent infestations. Don't share food, glasses, water bottles, or an eating utensils. Don't share tissues or towels and lip-gloss or lipstick.
Vaccines and Antibiotics, Treatment:
People with viral Meningitis can recover on their own within 7-10 days. There are Vaccines such as pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and meingococcal vaccine. Meningitis Whats new? Meningitis style History Symptoms Prognosis and more! Future, are we likely to cure Meningitis? Interesting Facts and Famous People Interesting Facts About Meningitis
Bacterial Meningitis is fatal in 10 cases, 1 in 7 survivors are left with deafness or brain injury.
Bacterial Meningitis is an uncommon but life-threatening disease.
Meningitis is an infection that progresses rapidly within 24 hours.
95% of cases are in children under 5 years of age.
Boys are more likely to get Meningitis than girls.
There are 4 types of Meningitis: Viral Meningitis, Bacterial Meningitis, Fungal Meningitis, and Amoebic Meningitis. Bibliography Introduction In this presentation you will learn about Meningitis and how "The Crew" can teach you the amazing history, symptoms, contractions, prognosis and many more! The experts will now show you the information that can help you prevent this terrible disease. "THE CREW" Time Length of Meningitis:
Factors that increase the disease are: age, children younger than 5, weak immune systems, and certain diseases that weaken the immune system are higher at risk of Meningitis. Famous People Who had Meningitis
Brad Pitt
Helen Keller
C.J. Jones
Addie Joss
Adele Blach-Bauer
Aleessandro Manzoni
Alexander Slobodyanik
Andy Dill
tallie (2011, February 10). Meningitis.ask.com. Retreived January 31, 2013, from http://answers.ask.com/Health/Diseases/when_was_meningitis_first_discovered.
(2011).symptoms.mayoclinic.com. Retreived January 31, 2013, from www.mayoclinic.com/health/meningitis/DS00118/DSECTION=symptoms.
Kilcarr, P. (2005). How is Meningitis diagnosed.be.georgetown.edu. Retrieved January 31, 2013, from be.georgetown.edu/47225.html.
TweetyBird. (2007). How do you get meningitis.answers.yahoo.com. Retrieved February 1, 2013, from http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid-20080707102510AAj9t6k.
Mandal, A. (2008).Meningitis Prognosis.news-medical.net.Retrieved February 1, 2013, from http://www.news-medical.net/health/Meningitis-Prognosis.aspx
Henderson,C. (2006, July 13). Long-Term Effects of Viral Meningitis.ehow.com.Retrieved January 1, 2013, from http://www.ehow.com/about_5436184_longterm-effects-viral-meningitis.html.
Machanic, B. (2009).How Long Does Meningitis Last.healthtap.com.Retreived January 1, 2013, https://www.healthtap.com/#topics/how-long-does-meningitis-last. Some symptoms of meningitis are high fever, severe headache, vomiting, nausea, difficulty concentrating, seizures, sleepiness, sensitivity to light, lack of hunger, and skin rash.
Some common symptoms in infants are, fever, irritability, poor eating, and hard to awaken.
Some common symptoms in adults are, lack of appetite, sensitivity to light (photo phobia), severe headache, stiff neck, high fever, sleepiness, hard to awaken, nausea, and vomiting. (2012, March 15). Viral Meningitis. www.cdc.gov. January 31,2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html.
(2009, October 22). A Critical Look at Vaccination. www.health24.com. January 31,2013, from www.health24.com/child/vaccination/833-846,27711.asp.
(2010, April 23). Brad Pitt Had Mild Viral Meningitis. www.celebrities-with-diseases.com. January 31,2013, from http://www.celebrities-with-diseases.com/celebrities/brad-pitt-had-mild-viral-meningitis-4964.html.
Chandler, S. (2010, January 6). What Types of Meningitis are There. www.livestrong.com. February 19, 2013, from http://www.livestrong.com/article/71137-types-meningitis/
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