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Lord of the Flies: Chapter 10 - The Shell and the Glasses

A chapter analysis in Lord of the Flies.

jahn rich

on 16 November 2011

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies: Chapter 10 - The Shell and the Glasses

Lord of the Flies: Chapter 10
- The Shell and the Glasses Themes Hopelessness Savagery Authority Since the division between
the boys,
Jack has gained more
than enough authority,
while Ralph has almost
lost all of his. Body Th trib consists of only four people. Four people aren't enough to hunt, take care of the fire, make sure no one else gets hurt and be chief. Body Character
Development Ralph Piggy Jack When he had had enough of Ralph’s
babbling on, he says, “Look, Ralph.
We’ve got to forget this.
We can’t do no good thing about it, see?”(157).
Piggy is bothered by the fact that
Simon has been killed,
and he doesn’t want to talk or
think about it,
because it just makes him lose hope. Symbols Jacks
Thrown Conch
Shell Piggys'
Glasses While Jacks thrown only has him sit in it and no one else. Kind of like his savage group where he is the only one to make decisions and no one’s inputs are included, and are ignored. This shows his savage way as in being rude by excluding his group’s inputs when a meeting is called upon him. Body Throughout this chapter
the boys battle
with authority and
whether it is necessary
or not.

 The conch used to be a form of Ralph’s authority over the boys. Now he doesn’t see a point in blowing it, because no one will listen anyways.
 Although Ralph isn’t chief over the other boys, (any more) he still has authority and maintains order over the 3 biguns, and littluns.
 At the beginning of the chapter Piggy states that, “You’re still chief”... You are. Over us.” (156)
It is clear that without authority,
Jack would not be able to control his tribe. Unlike the rest of the boys, Jack has a thrown. This represents his power over them.
If you disobeyed him, then you were punished by him, for breaking his rules.
If you were to speak out of place, then he would also find a punishment for you.
Compared to Ralph, he had a “gate way” and you were not allowed to pass if denied access.
In this chapter Jack and his tribe
continue with their rude, cruel and
wild behavior and Jack proves
himself as a true savage
through his actions and attitude. Jack and his tribe represent the definition of savagery due to their actions. For example when they go and attack Ralph and his tribe for Piggy’s glasses to make their own fire. Another example is when Jack ties up Wilfred for no reason, Robert: He’s going to beat Wilfred” Rogers asks: “What for?” “I don’t know He didn’t say. He got angry and made us tie Wilfred up” (159). “What’ll we use for lightning the fire?” (161) this comes to Jack is an embarrassment after Stanley had asked him this because he has nothing to use to make the fire for his group. This is when the idea of stealing Piggy’s glasses comes into place when Jack responds “We shall take fire from the others”. Jack shows that he is a savage by his attitude towards Simon’s death. His attitude towards Simon’s death is cruel, and shameless. For example when he tells his tribes that the gate needs to be guided so that the beast won’t come in “you remember how he crawled in. He came – disguised - Even though we gave him the head of our kill to eat”. Stanley then was trying to ask Jack if they did kill the beast who happened to be Simon, but Jack, instead of looking in his eyes when he responds, denies it. Jacks’ attitude is cruel and careless,
and to mention rude.
His actions, along
with his group are wild and
cruel once they had
took Piggy’s glasses and
murdered Simon and then
feel no shame after doing so. In this chapter, Jack has attained the power of chief over his camp, which consists of everyone other than Ralph, Piggy, Samneric and some little ones. The uneven division of tribes, leaves Ralph and his team struggling. The reaction to Simon’s death is surprisingly calm for both tribes. Jack’s savage tribe still believes they attacked an actual beast while Ralph’s civilized tribe deny even being there while the murder happened. Advancement of Plot Simon’s death advances the plot because
it leads to Ralph’s tribe feeling scared
and hopeless. The thought of not being
rescued crosses some minds and
the purpose of the fire is questioned.
At night, when Ralph’s tribe
had gone to sleep, Jack, Maurice and Roger,
attacked the big ones of Ralph’s tribe. Jack’s savagery left the four boys bloody and
beat but fortunately they were able
to fight back and save themselves.
This midnight attack advances the plot
because now there is a defined hatred on both tribes
and Ralph’s team knows how dangerous Jack can be.
The attack adds hatred and
fear towards the savage tribe
which could lead to future altercations. Finally, the last event that advances the plot is the realization of why Ralph and the others were attacked. Ralph notices the conch shell was still in place and other than a long awaited beating from Jack; the only other thing the savage tribe would want is the civilization’s source of hope and warmth. The robbing of Piggy’s glasses advance the plot because it makes Ralph’s tribe revengeful and angry. By:
Tashanna Jackson
Jessica Clarke
Jahnell Richards The beginning of this chapter starts out with Ralph slightly doubting himself. Although he still wants to build the fire, he laughs at the thought of being rescued...when brought up by Piggy. Ralph realizes that things have gotten completely out of hand, but he isn’t sure how to retain the order of the other boys. Even though the other boys have started acting uncivilized, he remembers the reality and consequences of killing, which is murder. When he is talking to Piggy he says that, “That was murder.....I don’t know what I was.”(156)This shows that Ralph still believes in democracy, but he just doesn’t know how to feel or react any more. Piggy has developed into a mature, “adult figure” throughout the chapter. He wants to leave the island more than ever, but is afraid that they will never leave. He is able to reassure and “counsel” Ralph as he goes on about how horrid things have become. Piggy is stern with Ralph as he tells him, “You stop it!... What good’re you doing taking like that?”(156). Jack continues to grow more violent, wild and evil. He just wants to continue the killing, and having authority & power over everyone and everything. He doesn’t consider Simon’s death as wrong, or as a murder, but as “protecting” his tribe. When his boys asked him about the beast, he says to them. “No! How could we-kill- it?”(160) . Jack refuses to even think of Simon’s death, and he doesn’t want to own up to the crime he committed. Whereas Ralph kept on thinking about how wrong it is. He continues to fill his tribes heads with lies about how the beast is still alive. This is because he wants the boys to be scared, so that they can continue to trust, and rely on him to protect them. Source: Jessica Clarke Source: Tashanna Jackson Source of pictures:
teennickquizilla.com They achieved this by planning their way to sneak in, but although they got into a brawl with the twins plus Ralph, while Piggy was in asthma shock. Bill put his hands up “What’ll we use for lightning the fire?” –“We shall take the fire from the others” (161) by this Jack meant that he will steal the “others” (Ralph, Samneric, Eric, Piggy) object used to make a fire, which is Piggy’s glasses. The chief led them, trotting steadily, exulting in his achievement – He made stabbing motions with his spear. From his left hand dangled Piggy’s broken glasses (168) Piggy’s glasses’ is symbolic of importance because they have use to start a fire in able for the boys to be rescued. The reason it’s significant in this chapter is because Jack, and his tribe, Roger, and Maurice, have stolen his glasses when they went to attack Ralph, and other two biguns when they went to sleep. Jack’s thrown symbolizes powerfulness that he has over his group. He now has his own thrown to symbolize that he is chief instead of the conch. His symbol is only made for him to sit in and instead of Ralph’s symbol of chief which is the conch that symbolizes civilization and everyone’s turn to put their input. The conch shell symbolizes civilization in order to put not only ground rules for the boys as a whole put to plan a meeting or assembly for everyone even the chief to put their opinions and ideas out that they can be saved and ideas for survival. But further on in the story it has lost its use of civilization as the boys have become uncivilized because of Jack. The other object is the glasses which symbolizes the science of making fire. In order to be saved the boys, the boys have to make a fire to make smoke, and the glasses is the only way it can be made along with some wood to keep it burning. In the beginning, the conch shell was used as a symbol of power of authority. But in this chapter Ralph realizes that it has lost its power of civilization and he can no longer call an assembly since the boys have departed into savagery and doesn’t much control over them now that Jack has took over. Ralph got up and went to the conch – “Piggy – What we going to do” “You could-“ “Call an assembly?” – Ralph laughed sharply as he said the word and Piggy frowned) In Ralph’s mind of doubt he laughs sharply, knowing that he holds no power in trying to use the conch shell to make an assembly. The shell is important symbolic of calling a meeting so all the boys together as a team in order to plan away to be saved and a way to survive. The reason of his doubt is because of Simon being murdered. The theme of hopeleness is evident in this chapter. It mainly surrounds the members of Ralph's tribe. Two examples of hopelessness include:
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