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Citizenship

ELEM 3500 Multimedia Project
by

Cynthia Fiaschetti

on 24 July 2013

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Transcript of Citizenship

Citizenship
Citizenship
"As citizens, we all have an obligation to intervene and become involved - it's the citizen who changes things."
-Joe Saramago

Citizens can contribute to their
communities in three ways:

1. Politically
2. Socially
3. Economically

What is a citizen?
A citizen is a resident of a city or town, especially one entitled to vote and enjoys other privileges there (“Webster’s new world,” 2012).
Citizens have rights and responsibilities as family members, as students in a classroom and school, and as members of their community, state, and nation (Eberly, 1994).


Citizen's have rights
A right is a freedom that is protected.
Citizens of different countries have different rights. In the United States, the Bill of Rights is part of the Constitution and states certain freedoms that cannot be taken away from any citizen (“Rights and responsibilities,” 2013).
These rights include freedom of speech, freedom of expression, and freedom of religion. Another freedom is the right to assembly, which means people can gather and discuss (“Rights and responsibilities,” 2013).
Citizens have responsibilities
A responsibility is a duty or something someone should do.
A responsibility can be a chore at home or school or it can be following rules, helping other community members, and making positive changes. When someone works to help the whole community, he or she works for the common good.
Understand how citizens participate in their communities.
Obeying laws is an important responsibility.
A law is a rule set by a community that tells how to behave or act. Different communities have different laws. For example, the United States has laws that govern the entire country, while a state has laws that govern the state. Cities, towns, and neighborhoods have their own laws to govern themselves. If a community member breaks a law, there are consequences (“Rights and responsibilities,” 2013).
Political contribution in a community
Responsible citizens can contribute to the political development of their community by voting. Voting is a right and a responsibility (“Rights and responsibilities,” 2013).
In the United States, a citizen can vote if they are a legal citizen and at least 18 years old. Voters have the responsibility to learn about the candidates and proposed laws.
Voting is a formal expression of opinion or choice, either positive or negative.
Who can I vote for?
The President of the United States of America
The Mayor
District Attorney
House of Representatives
The President of the United States is the title of the executive officer of this country.
The President of the United States today is Barack Obama.

The President of the United States is the title of the executive officer of this country.
The President of the United States today is Barack Obama.

("USA flag wallpaper," 2013)
("Being a good," 2013)
("Word it out," Word cloud)
The Mayor is the elected head of a city or town.
It is generally his duty to cause the laws of the city to be enforced, and to superintend inferior officers. But the power and authority which mayors possess being given to them by local regulations vary in different places (Farlex, 2013).

The district attorney is an elected official of a county or a designated district with the responsibility for prosecuting crimes.
The district attorney is the highest officeholder in the legal department of the jurisdiction.

A councilman is a man who is a member of a council, especially of the local governing body of a city or town (Farlex, 2013).
A city councilman is an elected official who helps make decisions affecting a town or city.

A Treasurer is a person appointed to administer or manage the financial assets and liabilities of a society, company, local authority, or other body (Farlex, 2013).
The Treasurer has a “watchdog” role over all aspects of financial management.

The district attorney is an elected official of a county or a designated district with the responsibility for prosecuting crimes.
The district attorney is the highest officeholder in the legal department of the jurisdiction.

Councilman
A councilman is a man who is a member of a council, especially of the local governing body of a city or town (Farlex, 2013).
A city councilman is an elected official who helps make decisions affecting a town or city.

Treasurer
The Treasurer is a person appointed to administer or manage the financial assets and liabilities of a society, company, local authority, or other body (Farlex, 2013).
The Treasurer has a “watchdog” role over all aspects of financial management.

Judges
A judge is a public officer chosen or elected to preside over and to administer the law in a court of justice.
A judge controls the proceedings in a courtroom and decides questions of law or discretion (Farlex, 2013).

The U.S. House of Representatives forms one of the two branches of the U.S. Congress. The House comprises 435 members who are elected to two-year terms (Farlex, 2013).
The U.S. Constitution vests the House with the sole power of introducing bills for raising revenue, making it one of the most influential components of the U.S. government (Farlex, 2013).

School Board
A local board or authority responsible for the provision and maintenance of schools (Wendt).
The school board sets the vision for the school district and the decisions they make at their monthly meetings make a difference for your school.

The Mayor is the elected head of a city or town.
It is generally his duty to cause the laws of the city to be enforced, and to superintend inferior officers. But the power and authority which mayors possess being given to them by local regulations vary in different places (Farlex, 2013).

A local board or authority responsible for the provision and maintenance of schools (Wendt).
The school board sets the vision for the school district and the decisions they make at their monthly meetings make a difference for your school.

Social Contribution in a community
Responsible citizens can contribute to the social development of their community by participating in activities and the taking interest in the welfare of the community (“Unpacking,” 2011).
How can I contribute socially in my community?
Beautification projects
Planting trees and bushes in your community
Clean up the highways, streets, and lawn care.
Pick up trash
Beautification is the process of making visual improvements in a town or city, typically to an urban area. This most often involves planting trees, shrubbery, and other greenery, but frequently also includes adding decorative or historic-style street lights and other lighting, and replacing broken pavement, often with brick or other natural materials (Beautification, 2013).
An example of a beautification project would be Downtown in New Bern, NC. They are filling in the center lane on Broad Street with flowers to make it look friendlier and prettier!
You can pick up trash in your neighborhood, on your street, on the highway, at a park, or anywhere else you see trash.
Picking up trash is a great way to take care of the welfare of your community!

Take care of parks and recreation centers and enroll in community sports leagues.
Signing up for sports leagues in the community is a great way to take part in the social development of the community. Soccer, basketball, football, and baseball are all great sports leagues to join!
Many businesses sponsor youth sports teams, charity golf tournaments, and community sports leagues.

The Mayor is the elected head of a city or town.
It is generally his duty to cause the laws of the city to be enforced, and to superintend inferior officers. But the power and authority which mayors possess being given to them by local regulations vary in different places (Farlex, 2013).

The Mayor is the elected head of a city or town.
It is generally his duty to cause the laws of the city to be enforced, and to superintend inferior officers. But the power and authority which mayors possess being given to them by local regulations vary in different places (Farlex, 2013).

Citizen Involvement Programs
Citizen involvement programs in a community ensure that all departments practice effective citizen involvement. In addition, a communications office can guide and assist departments with community outreach, and media relations. The best programs include staff training to assure that community outreach and daily citizen contacts are positive. Other communities have citizen commissions that focus on recommending improvements to citizen engagement practices ("Citizen participation in," 1976).
These programs could include: recovery programs, youth programs, and various fundraisers.
Anyone can hold a community fundraiser! Whether you are a company executive, mom, dad, kid, sports enthusiast or a community group.

Economic Contribution in a community
Economic development is the development of economic wealth of countries, regions or communities for the well-being of their inhabitants.
Responsible citizens can contribute in a variety of ways to the economic development of their community by creating friendly businesses and jobs.
Creating community-friendly economic policies is imperative. Economic policy covers a vast area, touching on anything that involves the ways in which people and communities meet their basic needs - food, clothing, and shelter for individuals; government, education, and infrastructure (roads, utilities, etc.) for communities - and, for those fortunate enough to have that opportunity, pay for luxuries and leisure activities. Most of the policies of both government and business are either directly focused on economics, or are driven by economic concerns (Swanepoel & Beer, 2006).
What are examples of economic polices?
Citizens are active in the community and participate in community decisions.

Citizens are active in the community by volunteering.
A volunteer is a person who voluntarily offers himself or herself for a service or undertaking. A person who performs a service willingly and without pay.
School volunteer
Hospital volunteer
Where can I volunteer in my community?
Soup kitchen
Mentor
Church
Animal shelter
You could be a school volunteer. Volunteers are always needed at the schools. You are given fun tasks like reading to children, assisting on field trips, preparing bulletin boards, or simply helping the teacher (“Volunteer work,” 2013).
Help is always needed at the hospital, and the tasks that you will be asked to do can vary greatly. You may sit at a reception desk and greet people, or you may be asked to deliver flowers to patient rooms. Every hospital is different, but they all welcome volunteers (“Volunteer work,” 2013).
There are several ways to volunteer in your community through the local soup kitchen. You can donate food items, pick up donated food, serve food, prepare food, or even offer administrative assistance (“Volunteer work,” 2013).
Sadly, not every child has the perfect home life. There are young boys and girls that have only one parent, live with their grandparents, or even with foster families. You can volunteer as a mentor and make an amazing difference in the life of a child. Organizations such as Big Brother or Big Sister, or even the Boys and Girls Club are excellent ways to volunteer as a mentor (“Volunteer work,” 2013).
Most churches don't turn a profit, so they rely heavily on volunteers. You can volunteer at church by offering to work in the day care room, teach a Sunday school class, organize a church function, clean the church, and much more (“Volunteer work,” 2013).
If you're looking for a way to volunteer in your community, and you are an animal lover, check into what it takes to volunteer at the animal shelter. They are always looking for people to walk dogs, feed the animals, clean up after the animals, and help the animals find new homes (“Volunteer work,” 2013).
How else are citizens active in the community?
By obeying laws
By paying taxes
By showing respect for the rights of others
Obeying laws are important because if nobody obeyed laws, there would be total chaos.
Responsible citizens always obey the laws.

For example: everyone has the right to practice their own religion, but everyone has the responsibility to respect people of different religions.
Also, respect the right of the freedom of speech. Even if someone does not have the same views as you on a particular matter, it is their right to express their opinion, just as it is yours, and you must respect that.

A tax is charge against a citizen’s person or property or activity for the support of government.
The purpose of taxation is to finance government expenditure. One of the most important uses of taxes is to finance public goods and services, such as street lighting and street cleaning (Swanepoel & Beer, 2006).

Citizens contribute to the well-being of the community’s natural environment.
Citizens can help prevent pollution through such things as reusing, recycling, and conserving (“Unpacking,” 2011).
Reusing is the belief that you should reuse items as much as possible before replacing them. For example, consumers can refill a purchased bottle of water with water from home to minimize the number of plastic bottles being discarded (“The three r’s,” 2013).
Recycle: when waste is eventually discarded, segregating items for recycling from other waste is important. Recyclables include glass, newspaper, aluminum, cardboard and a surprising array of other materials ("The three r's," 2013).
Conservation is the protection, preservation, and careful management of natural resources and of the environment.

("Why recycle," 2008)
"Universal hub," 2011)
Civic engagement in a community is important.
When someone performs an action which benefits his or her community, it is known as community service. Community service is something that someone volunteers to participate in.
Political activity is directed toward the success or failure of a political party. For example: you may put a bumper sticker on your car to support your choice in the next Presidential Election or you may put a sign in your yard letting people know who your choice in the next Mayor will be.
Service learning a teaching and learning approach that integrates community service with academic study to enrich learning, teach civic responsibility, and strengthen communities (Phillips, 2009).
An activist is a person who makes an intentional action to bring about social or political change. For example: Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist who challenged racial segregation in 1955 by refusing to give up her seat on a bus for a white man (Wire, 2012).
An advocate is one who speaks on behalf of another person or group. For example: Angelina Jolie is a United Nations Goodwill Ambassador (UNHCR) who uses her talent and fame to advocate for refugees (Phillips, 2009).

Community service, political activity, service learning, activism and advocacy are all different types of civic engagement that work together to enhance our society by improving our role as citizens. Participating in these things helps others in the community to hear your voice, while also respecting other people’s voices and opinions (Stoecker, 2013).
Public concern in a community is important.
The involvement in events such as elections, debates, writing a letter to an elected official, service learning projects or working in a soup kitchen, can address issues of public concern (“Unpacking,” 2011).
Public ideas of those who agree and disagree may be communicated through public conversation and communication. Public discourse is communication of ideas, information through conversation and public talk.
You could share ideas and information about concerns/issues at school and in the community through speech, writing, etc. For example: you could write a letter to the Mayor if you disagree with an action or decision he or she made.
Voicing your opinion in a community is important. It allows you to be an active member of the community while stating your opinion and thoughts of ways to improve the well-being of the community.

Let's review!
(Doyle, 2010)
(Beautification, 2013)
("Volunteer work," 2013)
By: Cynthia Fiaschetti
Full transcript