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Introduction to the Elements of Drama
Transcript of Introduction to the Elements of Drama
Reading a Play
Reading a play is very different from reading a short story or novel. In a play, there are no long descriptions of setting or characters. Instead, the action of the play is told through dialogue and stage directions. The dialogue reveals what the characters are like and what the plot is. The stage directions help you, as a reader, see the setting in your mind as well as what the characters look like.
The word "drama" comes from the Greek word, “Dran.”
A drama tells a story and includes such elements as character, setting, plot, and theme.
Words to Know
is the written form of a play.
Elements of Drama: Scenes and Acts
is a group of two or more scenes that form a major division of a play.
Elements of Drama: Dramatic Speech
: A conversation among characters in a play.
Elements of Drama: Cast of Characters
cast of characters
is a list that describes who is in the play and often how they are related to each other.
The word "dran" means "to do" or "to act."
A drama is written to be performed in a theater OR to be performed on screen or film.
is the author of a television or movie script.
is the author of a play.
is one part of the action, usually happening in a particular time and place.
: A long speech by one single character (consisting of their private thoughts). Also referred to as a soliloquy.
Elements of Drama: Setting
is where and when the play takes place.
Elements of Drama: Stage Directions
describe details of the setting and sound effects as well as directing characters how to speak their lines, move, act, and look.
In a play, the setting is usually described in a note or stage direction at the opening of the play and each scene.
Found in brackets [ ]
Describe scenery and how characters speak
C, Center Stage
L, Stage Left
R, Stage Right
U, Upstage or Rear
D, Downstage or Front
Teleplay Terms Continue
: The picture gradually
appears on the screen.
: A swiveling movement of the camera from one side to another.
: A camera shot from far off.
Fade to Black
: The picture gradually disappears until all that remains is a blank screen.
: A sudden change from one scene or character to another.
: A camera shot that is very close to its subject.