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Minimalism

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Jaderene Serran

on 2 March 2014

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Transcript of Minimalism

Minimalism
mid 1960s - mid 1970s
Key Characteristics
Minor Features
A design stripped down only to its
essential elements
A form of
abstraction
Focuses on the most
essential and elemental aspects
of an object
More of a principle than a visual design
Was shaped by a reaction against
Abstract
Expressionism
Social Factors that Influenced Minimalism
The De Stijl Art Movement
History
Minimalism is a design trend that started in the
early 20th century
with
architecture
and continues today most prominently through companies and
various graphic
and
visual designers.
Influential Minimalist Designers


Dieter Rams
was a
German industrial designer
and was
head designer
at the Braun company, where he helped design things like record players, radios, calculators, and consumer appliances.


Buckminster Fuller
was an American designer who is famous of his architectural design of the
geodesic dome.
Born in 1895, His futurist inclinations helped him to design minimalist geodesic domes in the middle of the
20th century
which could stand and look modern today.


Minimal Art
Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe
One of the first prominent architects in Post-World War I who used principles in his designs that came to exemplify minimalist design.
Minimalism
"Less is more"
-Ludwig Mies
van der Rohe
De Stijl was an artistic movement in the
Netherlands
that started in
1917
and lasted till roughly the early
1930s.


“De Stijl” is Dutch for
“The Style”.

De Stijl pushed for
simplicity
and
abstraction
by reducing designs only to its essential form and color sticking only to:

Horizontal and vertical lines
Rectangular forms
Primary values white, black, and grey
Primary colors blue, red, and yellow

Traditional Japanese Design
Its focus is adding only what is needed and removing the rest.
Few decorations, simple color and design choices, and clean lines and forms.
It has a connection between Japanese design and Japanese culture where it is infused with
Zen
and
simplicity
.
This idea of architecture has influenced
Western Society
, especially in America since the mid 18th century.
The Japanese aesthetic principle of
Ma
(
empty or open space)
, removes all the unnecessary internal walls and opens up the space between interior and the exterior.
Minimalism started taking off because of availability of modern materials:
glass
concrete
steel
Minimalist designs
spilled over into:
For simplicity and clarity, he:
Used modern materials like steel and plates of glass
Had minimal structural framework
Included lots of open space

painting
interior design

fashion
music


That is how they are now formed as minimal painting, minimal music, the minimalist school of composing, and so forth.

Similar to
De Stijl
, painters that reacted against the abstract-expressionism art, used only
fundamental geometric shapes
in their works and
did not add any decorations

or any other elements.

Minimalism design expanded in every form possible because of how simple and adaptable it is.
Minimal art is usually seen everywhere but unrecognized as a minimalism design and can be commonly found in a modern phone, a clean web or application interface, at a slick brochure or other graphically-presented information, in a simple living space on a sleek sofa, and so forth.
-Buckminster Fuller
"Doing more
with less"
which helped to more effectively design and build minimalist buildings.
Dieter Rams
heavily pursued minimalist design, focusing on including only the essential aspects of a product so that it will be not filled with unnecessary essentials, so that the resulting product would then be
simple
and as
pure as possible.

Innovative
- uses technology to innovate
Makes a product useful
- emphasizes the usefulness and functionality
Aesthetic
- beautiful and makes people feel good
Helps a product be understood
- it is self explanatory
Unobtrusive
- neutral and lets user impose their personal style on it
Honest
- doesn’t promise things the product can’t deliver
Durable
- long-lasting, timeless
Thorough down to the last detail
Concerned with environment
- conserves resources and space, both physically and visually
As little design as possible
- gets out of the way of the product


The concept of minimalist architecture is to remove everything down to its
essential quality
and attain

simplicity
.
The idea is

not completely without embellishments
but
parts and details are considered as reduced
to a stage where no one can remove anything further more to improve the design. The thought for
‘essences’
are

light, form, detail of material, space, place and human condition.

The physical qualities of the building are not the only thing minimalist architects consider. They listen to the figure and pay attention to the
details, people, space, nature and materials to
look deeply into the spiritual dimension and the invisible that reveals the abstract quality of something invisible and search for the essence from those invisible qualities, such as
natural light, sky, earth and air.
Moreover, they open up dialogue with the surrounding environment to decide the most essential materials for the structure and create relationships between buildings and sites.

Design elements in minimalist architecture convey the
message of simplicity
. The
basic geometric forms, elements without decoration, simple materials and the repetitions of constructions
represent a sense of arrangement and essential quality. Simple and clean spaces come from the movement of natural light in buildings.
It aims to reduce its content to rigorous clarity and reached its peak during the
mid-1960s
to the
mid-1970s
.

In
late 19th century
as the arts and crafts movement began to be popular in Britain, people valued the attitude of
‘truth to materials’
, with respect to the profound and indigenous characteristics of materials. Minimalist architects lowly
'listen to figure'
, to seek
essence and simplicity
by rediscovering the high qualities in
simple and common materials.
It's architectural influence remained considerable long after 1931.
Frank Lloyd Wright
was influenced by the Japanese design element of the sliding door that allows to bring the exterior to the interior. The emptiness of spatial arrangement is another idea that decreases everything down to the
most essential quality.
Concept and Design Elements
Major Features
Frank Lloyd Wright
Buckminster Fuller
Dieter Rams

Dieter Rams'
10 principles to a good design:
Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minimalism
http://spyrestudios.com/minimalist-design-a-brief-history-and-practical-tips/
http://www.theartstory.org/movement-minimalism.htm
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/384056/minimalism
http://guity-novin.blogspot.co.nz/2010/03/history-of-graphic-design-minamalism.html#One
http://arthistory.about.com/od/modernarthistory/a/minimalism-10-one.htm
http://www.artsconnected.org/collection/118487/art-in-the-1960s?print=true#(1)
http://www.behance.net/search?field=44&search=Minimalism
http://www.endalldisease.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Montreal_Biosphere-Buckminster_Fuller.jpg
http://www.chictopia.com/Minimalism/info
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-nWIleQQ0mpA/Thq6y7HeGMI/AAAAAAAAG7Y/1ZjuD1kfdE8/s1600/bucky_7.jpg
http://www.hub-bub.co.uk/hub/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/4_dieter-rams-ii.jpg
http://well-tempered-life.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/dieter_rams_01.jpg
http://www.bloglet.com/gallery/the-art-of-creating-a-minimalist-interior-design/minimalist-interior-design.jpg
http://contemporarypractice.files.wordpress.com/2010/01/pcd_8203_3241_1525_090-21.jpg
http://blog.dofaso.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/doesburg_kuenstlerhaus1.jpg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_jT7XUhmth5U/TQELAVE-K6I/AAAAAAAAAHo/Q-djlt8r4rY/s640/MINI.jpghttps://www.google.co.nz/search?hl=en&noj=1&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=minimalism+in+graphic+design&oq=minimalism+in+graphic&gs_l=img.3.0.0.52388.54373.0.55512.11.8.0.3.3.1.312.1415.1j5j0j2.8.0....0...1c.1.35.img..3.8.824.fexut_r1zGM




Created by:
Jaderene Serran

Standardized ways of building were forming. This helped more to effectively design and build minimalist buildings.
Full transcript