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Transcript of Minimalism
mid 1960s - mid 1970s
A design stripped down only to its
A form of
Focuses on the most
essential and elemental aspects
of an object
More of a principle than a visual design
Was shaped by a reaction against
Social Factors that Influenced Minimalism
The De Stijl Art Movement
Minimalism is a design trend that started in the
early 20th century
and continues today most prominently through companies and
Influential Minimalist Designers
German industrial designer
at the Braun company, where he helped design things like record players, radios, calculators, and consumer appliances.
was an American designer who is famous of his architectural design of the
Born in 1895, His futurist inclinations helped him to design minimalist geodesic domes in the middle of the
which could stand and look modern today.
Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe
One of the first prominent architects in Post-World War I who used principles in his designs that came to exemplify minimalist design.
"Less is more"
van der Rohe
De Stijl was an artistic movement in the
that started in
and lasted till roughly the early
“De Stijl” is Dutch for
De Stijl pushed for
by reducing designs only to its essential form and color sticking only to:
Horizontal and vertical lines
Primary values white, black, and grey
Primary colors blue, red, and yellow
Traditional Japanese Design
Its focus is adding only what is needed and removing the rest.
Few decorations, simple color and design choices, and clean lines and forms.
It has a connection between Japanese design and Japanese culture where it is infused with
This idea of architecture has influenced
, especially in America since the mid 18th century.
The Japanese aesthetic principle of
empty or open space)
, removes all the unnecessary internal walls and opens up the space between interior and the exterior.
Minimalism started taking off because of availability of modern materials:
spilled over into:
For simplicity and clarity, he:
Used modern materials like steel and plates of glass
Had minimal structural framework
Included lots of open space
That is how they are now formed as minimal painting, minimal music, the minimalist school of composing, and so forth.
, painters that reacted against the abstract-expressionism art, used only
fundamental geometric shapes
in their works and
did not add any decorations
or any other elements.
Minimalism design expanded in every form possible because of how simple and adaptable it is.
Minimal art is usually seen everywhere but unrecognized as a minimalism design and can be commonly found in a modern phone, a clean web or application interface, at a slick brochure or other graphically-presented information, in a simple living space on a sleek sofa, and so forth.
which helped to more effectively design and build minimalist buildings.
heavily pursued minimalist design, focusing on including only the essential aspects of a product so that it will be not filled with unnecessary essentials, so that the resulting product would then be
pure as possible.
- uses technology to innovate
Makes a product useful
- emphasizes the usefulness and functionality
- beautiful and makes people feel good
Helps a product be understood
- it is self explanatory
- neutral and lets user impose their personal style on it
- doesn’t promise things the product can’t deliver
- long-lasting, timeless
Thorough down to the last detail
Concerned with environment
- conserves resources and space, both physically and visually
As little design as possible
- gets out of the way of the product
The concept of minimalist architecture is to remove everything down to its
The idea is
not completely without embellishments
parts and details are considered as reduced
to a stage where no one can remove anything further more to improve the design. The thought for
light, form, detail of material, space, place and human condition.
The physical qualities of the building are not the only thing minimalist architects consider. They listen to the figure and pay attention to the
details, people, space, nature and materials to
look deeply into the spiritual dimension and the invisible that reveals the abstract quality of something invisible and search for the essence from those invisible qualities, such as
natural light, sky, earth and air.
Moreover, they open up dialogue with the surrounding environment to decide the most essential materials for the structure and create relationships between buildings and sites.
Design elements in minimalist architecture convey the
message of simplicity
basic geometric forms, elements without decoration, simple materials and the repetitions of constructions
represent a sense of arrangement and essential quality. Simple and clean spaces come from the movement of natural light in buildings.
It aims to reduce its content to rigorous clarity and reached its peak during the
late 19th century
as the arts and crafts movement began to be popular in Britain, people valued the attitude of
‘truth to materials’
, with respect to the profound and indigenous characteristics of materials. Minimalist architects lowly
'listen to figure'
, to seek
essence and simplicity
by rediscovering the high qualities in
simple and common materials.
It's architectural influence remained considerable long after 1931.
Frank Lloyd Wright
was influenced by the Japanese design element of the sliding door that allows to bring the exterior to the interior. The emptiness of spatial arrangement is another idea that decreases everything down to the
most essential quality.
Concept and Design Elements
Frank Lloyd Wright
10 principles to a good design:
Standardized ways of building were forming. This helped more to effectively design and build minimalist buildings.